I began going through the Reading books with you yesterday, and today, I will continue. I almost finished the first book, but the blog seemed to be getting long, and I didn’t want to overwhelm anyone, so I cut it short and didn’t finish the book. Today, I will finish the book. This is the end of the first book and the beginning of the next book. The next book has exercises, so let’s see how much you can remember.
Vocabulary: aceasta = this, un= “a,” masculine, copac = tree, sunt = am, are, în = in, Mingele = the balls, cutie= box, the box, copacul = the tree,
Aceasta este un copac. = This is a tree. (pronunciation: ahche-ahstah yesteh un cohpahc, “aceasta” is a feminine form of “this.” “Un copac” is a masculine noun and article.)
Aceasta este o minge. = This is a ball.
Aceasta este o cutie. = This is a box. (pronuncation of “cutie”: kootee-ay)
Mingele sunt în cutie. = The balls are in the box.
Petru este în copac. = Peter is in the tree.
Aici este Petru în copacul. = Here is Peter in the tree. (pronuncation of aici: ah-eech)
Exercises from the next book:
Directions: Fill in the blanks.
(The answers are at the bottom.)
Aici este Petru. Îmi __________ Petru.
2. ____________este Iuanna. Îmi place Iuanna.
3. Aici este câinele. Îmi place _____________.
4. Aici este magazinul. Îmi place __________________.
5. Aici este o minge. Îmi place ________________.
6. Aici este un copac. Îmi place __________________.
7. Aici este o jucărie. Îmi place _______________.
Most people only know about the candy, the costumes, the Jack-o-lanterns, and other things that go bump in the night. They don’t want to skip Halloween because it is so much fun for the kids. When I was in Romania, there were people who questioned whether I should be celebrating Halloween because they saw people dressed as devils, as ghosts, as skeletons, etc. They wondered if it was a holiday that Christians should celebrate. When I was teaching at Ohio University, I had a student who thought she was a witch, and she wrote an essay about Halloween being a special holiday for witches when they set a place at the table for their dead relatives, and only on that night, their dead relatives could join them. She didn’t realize it, but she was referring to Samhain, a Druid holiday that happened several times a year in old England before Christianity came to England. However, Halloween is only one time a year, not four times a year. If we want to understand what Halloween is, we need to go to the meaning of the name. The old name for Halloween is “All Halo’s Eve.”
We all know from “Christmas Eve” that “Eve” means the day before. This means that “All Halo’s Eve” is the day before a very holy day. That very holy day is October first. If you are in England, you will know that October first is considered “All Saints’ Day.” All Saints’ Day is the day that the English celebrate the fact that Christianity came to England and they all became Christians. If you read the Bible, a saint is a Christian. If you are a saint, it means that you have been set aside for God. If you read the book of Philippians in the Bible, it is addressed to “all the saints” in Philippi which means all the Christians in Philippi. A saint in the Bible is not a dead person like the Catholic and Orthodox churches teach, but a Christian. When the British celebrate “All Saints’ Day,” they are celebrating that the are all Christians. When they used to celebrate “All Halo’s Eve,” they were celebrating the day before “All Saints’ Day.”
We have to wonder where all the ghosts and goblins come come into a holiday when they are celebrating that they all became Christians. The British love theater. When I was a little girl in England, they put me in a crepe paper dress and put me on the stage at the community center and had me singing. Theater is a big English tradition. They used to dress in costumes and go from house to house putting on plays. It was called Mummer’s theater. Halloween was one of those times they went from house to house in costumes putting on plays. Why did they choose the particular scary costumes that they chose?
The ghosts, goblins, witches, etc. are part of the old Druid religion, the religion of England before Christianity came. The witches were old women who sat around big bonfires telling stories on Halloween. The witches did voodoo. When I read the novel “Return of the Native” by Thomas Hardy, the setting was old England. There were witches in his novel who were making voodoo dolls trying to control people and also sitting around the big bonfires telling stories. The Jack-o-lantern was one of the stories they told. A man named Jack offended the devil, so he was condemned to walking the earth every October 31st for eternity. Probably, Jack became a Christian, so he began celebrating All Halo’s Eve. That would offend the devil. They didn’t use pumpkins to make the Jack-o-lantern in the beginning, but a large turnip. The Druid priest used to tell scary stories to try to control the people with fear. They told stories like “the Three Billy Goats Gruff.” There was a troll under the bridge that kept everyone in fear. If you think about a lot of the very old English stories, they may be called “fairy tales,” but are usually downright scary. That is how the Druids controlled the people.
If you read the original tales of King Arthur, the Druids were the bad guys. There is one particular one about a Druid breaking into the castle at night and stabbing one of King Arthur’s servants who slept in the castle that night because the next day King Arthur and his servant were going out looking for the Holy Grail. Many people think that the Holy Grail was the cup that Christ drank from. The cup that Christ drank from is a life dedicated to God, a life of sacrifice and love of others, a life of Christianity. The Druids were trying to stop Christianity from getting into the palace. The Druid priests were the bad guys. They ruled the people with fear, and they weren’t ready to give up their place in society when Christianity came in.
On All Halo’s Eve, the people were celebrating that they didn’t have to be scared of the Druids and all their crazy stories any more because Christianity had come. Since they liked costumes so much, they dressed up as the crazy things from the old Druid religion and went around joking and seeing if they could scare one another. All the costumes and scaring one another was just them playing with one another. When the people from the Mummer’s theater went from house to house, they people gave them good food like cakes and fruit as a reward for their plays. Halloween was just a big game the English played. On All Halo’s Eve, they played the games, and on All Saints’ Day, the next day, all the costumes were put away. All was right with the world because God was in control, not the Druids. They were ruled by love and not by fear. That is truly something to celebrate.
They were completely serious about being happy that the Druids were gone because the Druids had them so scared that expressions like “scared to death” came into being because people were actually scared so hard that it stopped their hearts. It was a time of fear and superstition. I have seen that kind of fear when I lived in Nigeria because they still have Juju men, men who are supposed to do magic just like the witches did. The Juju men rule people just like the Druids did. At the market place one day, I saw a Juju man. He was barely dressed. He had on a crazy wig and just a lion cloth. He was throwing something that caused puffs of smoke and scaring the people. They were all around him watching him. They were scared to death if he pointed in their direction, and the crowd would back up when he pointed in fear. I have a missionary friend who said he actually saw a Juju man point at a man on a Friday, and by Monday, the man was dead. The doctor’s diagnosis was that he was literally “scared to death.” This is how hard of a hold the Druids had over the English people. They really had something to celebrate when Christianity came. Those Juju men, witches, and Druids only have the power that we give them. If we don’t believe in them, they can’t scare us to death. When Christianity came, the people believed in God, the God of love, not of fear.
The English also always had a bonfire the evening of All Halo’s Eve. A bonfire is a huge, huge fire where everyone gathers. The British still do the bonfires. When they came to America, they were still doing the bonfires, but they weren’t using the costumes anymore. After they got to America, they figured out the pumpkins worked better than the turnips as Jack-o-lanterns because they were bigger. After a while, they stopped doing the bonfires in America. The Irish were still using the costumes on All Halo’s Eve. When the Irish came to America, they brought their costumes with them, and the Americans loved the costumes, so they began using them too. The Americans have no idea what they are doing when they dawn those costumes except that they are having a good time. They don’t know the origin of the holiday or what they are celebrating at all. They just think they are having a big party that is fun, and they would never not celebrate because they want the kids to have the fun of dressing up and eating candy.
I am almost out of picture cards to talk about, but I think that we have come a long way by talking about these pictures on the my cards. I have a few more, so lets talk a bit more about them.
Vocabulary and Grammar: (단어 와 문법): 고릴라 (gohreelrah) = gorilla, 원숭이 (wonsooghee) = monkey, 가장 커요 (kahjahng kyeoyo) = is, am, are the biggest (superlative verb), 가장 큰 (kahjahng kun = biggest (superlative adjective), 보다 (bohdah) = than, and if it is a verb, it means “look” or “see,” 더 커요 (deo kyeoyo) = is, am, are bigger (comparative verb). 더 큰 (deo kun) = bigger (comparative adjective), 과일 (kwah-eel) = fruit, 잎 (eep) = leaf, leaves, 뿌리(bbooree) = root, roots, 주황 색 (joowhahng sek) = orange (the color), 오렌지 (ohrehngee) = orange (the fruit), 따뜻한 (ddahdduthan) = warm, 날씨 (nalshee) = weather, 캐리포니아 (kehreepohnee-ah) = California, 프로리다 (purohreedah) = Florida, 제주 도 (jehjoo doh) = Jeju Island, the state of Jeju, 한국 (hangook) = Korea, 한국인 (hangook een) = a Korean person, 한국인들 (hangook een dul) = Koreans, 사랑 해요 (sahrang heyo) = love, loves, 항상 (hangsang) = always, 산물 (sonmool) = gift, 선물 로 (sonmool roh) = as a gift, 줘요 (johyo) = give, gives. 오때 (ohddeh) = how, 오때요? (dhddehyo) = how are they, how is it. 맛 (mash) = taste (noun), 마시사요 (masheesahyo) = it tastes good (a verb), 좋아요 (joh-ahyo) = is, are, am good, (a verb), 좋은 (joh-un) = good (adjective), 건강 해요 (konkang heyo) = is, am, are healthy (a verb).
이것은 뭐처요? (What is this?/What are these?)
이것은 고릴라 이예요. (This is a gorilla./ These are gorillas.)
고릴라는 어디에 살아요? (Where do gorillas live?)
고릴라는 아프리카에 살아요. (Gorillas live in Africa.)
고릴라 나 원숭이 는 가장 켜요? (Is the gorilla or the monkey the biggest?)
고릴라는 원숭이 보다 더 커요. (The gorilla is bigger than the monkey.)
두 번째 사지의 고릴라는 어디 있어요? (Where is the gorilla in the second picture?)
두 번째 사지의 고릴라는 숲에 있어요. (The gorilla in the second picture is in the forest.)
고릴라는 무순 색 이예요? (What color is the gorilla?)
고릴라는 금색 이예요? (Gorillas are black.)
고릴라는 무슨것을 먹어요? (What do gorillas eat?)
고릴라는 과일 과 나무의 잎과 뿌리를 먹어요. (Gorillas eat fruit or leaves and roots from trees.)
이것은 뭐예요? (What is this?/What are these?)
이것은 오렌지 있어요. (This is an orange./ These are oranges.)
오렌지는 무슨색 이예요? (What color are oranges?)
오렌지는 주환 색 이예요. (Oranges are orange.)
첫 번째 색에 오렌지는 몇 개 있어요? (How many oranges are in the first picture?)
첫 번째 사진에 오렌지는 한 개 있어요. (There is one orange in the first picture.
두번째 사진에 오렌지는 몇 개 있어요? (How many oranges are in the second picture?)
두 번째 사진에 오렌지는 세 개 있어요. (There are three oranges in the second picture.)
세 번째 사진에 오렌지는 몇 개 있어요? (How many oranges are in the third picture?)
세 번째 사진에 오렌지는 세 개 있어요. (There are two oranges in the third picture.)
오렌지는 어디에 자라요? (Where do oranges grow?)
오렌진는 나무에 자라요. (Oranges grow on trees.)
오렌지는 따뜻한 날씨에 자라요. (Oranges grow in warm weather.)
오렌지는 아프리카에 자라요. (Oranges grow in Africa.)
오렌지는 캘리포니아에 자라요. (Oranges grow in California.)
오렌지는 프로리다 에 자라요. (Oranges grow in Florida.)
오렌지는 제주 도에 한국애 자라요. (Oranges grow on Jeju Island in Korea.)
한국인들이 오랜지를 사랑 해요. (Koreans love oranges.)
한국인들이 항상 선물로 오렌지를 줘요. (Koreans always give oranges as gifts.)
There was a custom in the Old Testament among the Jews that we don’t have today. (Era un obicei în Vechiul Testamentul printre everi pe care nu avem astăzi.) If a man dies, his brother or close relative has the right to marry his widow, and any children they may have will be considered the children of the dead man. (Daca un bărbat moare, frate lui sau o rude aproape are dreptul să casatorește cu vaduvă lui, și orice copii ei poate să aibă va fi considerat copii de bărbatul pe care omorit.) Boaz wanted to marry Ruth, but there was one many who was a closer relative to Ruth’s dead husband than he was. (Boaz a vrut să casatorește cu Rut, dar era un bărbat pe care era o rude mai aproape la soțul mort a lui Rut.) Boaz wanted to marry Ruth, so he had to make sure the other man didn’t have intentions to do so first. (Boaz a vrut să casatorește cu Rut, așa el a trebuit să fi sigur ca celealte bărbat nu a avut intenții să o faca în primul rând.)
Boaz asked the man to meet him. (Boaz a cerut bărbatul să întâlnește cu el.) Boaz took ten Jewish elders as witnesses. (Boaz a luat zece bătrâni everei ca martorii.) He said to the man, “Naomi has a piece of land she wants to sell. Since we are the closest relatives, before I buy it, I thought I would ask you first if you want it.” (El a zis la bărbatul: ,,Naomi are niște pământ pe care ea vrea să vinde. Din cauză ca noi sintem cel mai aproape rudele ei, înainte îl cumpăr, am crezut să te întreb în primul rând daca vrei să o cupărați.) The man said he wanted to buy it. (Bărbatul a zis ca el a vrut să o cupără.) Boaz said, “If you buy it, you know that means that you get everything else that goes with the land, including Ruth, the Moabites, the widow that was married to Naomi’s son.” (Boaz a zis: ,,Daca îl cumpărați, asta e inseamnă cu tu primit tot cele alte pe care merge cu pământul, inclus Rut, moabită, vaduva pe care era casatorit cu fiul lui Naomi.)
The man replied, “I can’t buy it. I might endanger my own estate. You buy it because I can’t.” (Bărbatul a răspuns: ,,Nu pot să o cumpără. Poate eu fac moșia mea în pericol. Tu îl cupărați pentru ca nu pot.”) When he said this, he removed his sandal and gave it to Boaz. (El a scos sandala lui și a dat o lui Boaz.) In that time, when they removed their sandal and gave it to the other man, it meant the deal was legalized. (În timpul acea, când ei au scos sandalele or și a dat o la celelate bărbat, era inseamnă cu afacera era legalizat.)
Then Boaz said to the man and the elders, “Now, you have witnessed that I have bought everything that belonged to Naomi, her late husband and her late sons. I have also acquired Ruth as my wife. Her late husband, Mahlon’s name, will be in all the records.” (Atunci Boaz a zis la bărbatul și bătrânii: ,,Acum ați martorit ca am cumpărat tot pe care era Naomi lui, și de soțul mort ți fii morții. Și am primit Rut ca soția mea. Numele de Mahlon, soțul mort ei, va fi în tot dosalrele.”) The elders confirmed that everything he said was true and the Ruth was his wife. (Bătrânii au confirmat ca tot pe care el a zis era adevărat și ca Rut era soția lui.) They congratulated him and wished him to be the father of many children. (L-au felicitat și a dorit pentru el să fi tatăl de mult copii.)
Ruth and Boaz were very happy, and they married. (Rut și Boaz erau foarte fericit și a casatorit.) Not long after that, Ruth had a baby. (Nu prea mult după aceea, Rut a avut un copil.) Naomi was overjoyed to be a grandmother. (Noami era foarte bucuros să fi o bunică.) Noami finally had joy in her old age. (Noami în sfârșit a avut bucurie când ea era bătrână.) She spent a lot of time with the baby. (Ea a cheltuit mult timp cu copilul.) The name of the child was Obed. (Numele de copilul era Obed.) Obed was the grandfather of King David. (Obed era Bunicul de rege David.) These were the relatives of Jesus. (Asta erau rudele de Iesu.)
I knew already that it freezes in Oklahoma, and I have been around the world and back several times in my life, but the weather today in Oklahoma is downright strange. It is only fall here, not winter. We have checked into a hotel because we have no electricity because of the ice, and the girl at the front desk of the hotel says she has never seen anything like what is happening right now in Oklahoma City either.
When I woke up this morning, we had electricity. However, as I began to go about my day, I kept hearing strange noises, but I didn’t know what they were. I ascertained that the noises weren’t coming from inside the house. They were like swishing sounds. When I looked out the front door, I could see that it was really cold out there. The cars were completely encased in ice, the grass was covered with ice, and there were icicles hanging from the trees. The weather had been so warm up until yesterday that you could almost go around without even a sweater, but it rained Sunday evening. After that, yesterday, there was rain, snow, and ice all in the same day. It had gotten cold really fast! As I looked into my yard, I noticed that there were small tree limbs laying on the lawn. I figured the wind must have blown really hard for those limbs to be down, and strong wind is not unusual in Oklahoma. However, at the moment, the wind wasn’t blowing.
I got my breakfast and turned the TV on. My daughter was home from work because the day before her boss had suggested that she may want to work from home today because the roads would be icy. I sat and ate my oatmeal and tried to find something good to watch on TV. My daughter was in her room with her computer working. About the time I finished my oatmeal, the electricity just clicked off! The alarm for the front door beeped a couple of times and went off. The TV was off, and most importantly, the heater was off. Every few minutes, it was like there was a flicker of hope because the front door alarm would beep and the heater would begin, but they clicked on, then off, and then there was nothing. I thought, “Wow! We don’t have electricity. We won’t have heat, and I can’t blog.” I went to turn the gas oven on to use as a heater, but it must have had an electrical component or perhaps the gas is out too because even the gas oven didn’t work.
My daughter had come into the living room by this point. We were discussing what we needed to do. Should we just wait? I told her we needed to call someone, and since she works at OG&E, she called her boss to let him know that she had no internet, so she couldn’t work, but he didn’t answer. She left him a text message. I told her that we needed to call someone to get the electricity back on, and she had the number, but she got a list of choices, and she didn’t know which button to press because we didn’t know anything about the cause for the outage. I was wishing we had a neighbor’s phone number to call them to see if they had electricity. I suggested we call the manager’s office of our neighborhood, but all she got was a list of options and a tape recording. No one was answering their phone anywhere.
Just then, there was a huge “BOOM!” right outside the window I was sitting close to. We ran to the front door and looked out. It wasn’t just a small tree limb this time, but a big thick branch had fallen off one of the trees in our yard, and I could see that it could have come right through the window, and we were lucky it didn’t. The tree branch had completely frozen through, and that was the noises I was hearing in the morning. Everything was freezing, and the tree branches were falling off because they were frozen. I had never seen anything like it! I said I needed to get dress and go talk to one of the neighbors, but my daughter said she would go.
She put on her coat and ran outside. There were tree branches down in everyone’s yards and more falling. There was a man outside screaming curse words because of the situation. A woman drove by in a truck, and my daughter flagged her down. She rolled her window down, and the woman told her that the people in the neighborhood had already called OG&E and they were fixing the downed power lines, but it was going to be a while before they got them fixed. She came back in the house and told me what happened.
I told her that we needed to have an alternative source of heat because heat seemed to be the immediate problem, but we didn’t have one. She said she was planning on buying a house, and when she did, she was going to make sure it had a fire place. We weren’t even equipped with candles. The house was beginning to get cold, and I went to my bedroom and got the blanket off my bed and put it over me. I told my daughter that I had seen on Facebook where someone was without electricity for several days last year during an ice storm in Oklahoma, so we really needed to figure out what we were going to do. I knew we could go and buy a kerosene stove, but unfortunately, I am allergic to kerosene. When we used it before, it made my face swell up and get really red. I wasn’t ready for that. I suggested that we check into the hotel where she used to work, but she didn’t jump on the idea right away. I think she figured we were out of options, so she finally called the hotel and made a reservation.
We got dressed and packed our bags to leave for the hotel. We could hear tree branches still falling off the trees outside. We left our water dripping so the water wouldn’t freeze in the pipes and burst when it thawed out. My daughter cleared the fridge out and put the food in the trunk of the car to keep it cold. The cold had come so suddenly that I was worried about the antifreeze in the car because every fall, I take my car to the mechanic so they can make sure it is ready for winter, but I hadn’t done it this year yet. We figured the white car was probably okay because we had antifreeze put in it last year, but the blue car probably wasn’t because we hadn’t had it long enough to know where there was antifreeze in it or not, so we would take the white car. I suggested to my daughter that we should turn the car on and let it warm up before we drove it, and she went out and turned the engine on.
We packed the car with our suitcases, but my daughter’s phone rang, and it was OG&E. They needed her to check something on her computer, so she went back into the house. I scrapped all the ice off the car windows, and then I got into the car. I wanted to drive because I am experienced in driving in ice and snow, but I knew my daughter wouldn’t go for it. She is a new driver, and I didn’t want to hit a patch of ice and her not know how to handle it. I turned the heater on in the car and sat and waited for her to come. When she came, I suggested that I drive, and I got a complete and utter negative response. She told me I didn’t trust her driving. I asked her if she she knew to do when there was ice on the road, and she said, “Yes, just go slow.” That was the wrong answer, but she just wanted to shut me up. I couldn’t get the right answer out of her, so I ended up telling her what to do in case she encountered ice on the road, and it just made her mad. However, our situation stopped her from being too mad, and I shut up hoping not to get any more anger from her. She had to concentrate on driving because there were obstacles everywhere.
As we drove out of our neighborhood, there were downed trees everywhere. There were big tree branches all over the road. When I lived in Oklahoma before, we lived in the woods, and even when it froze, the tree branches never came down like these tree branches were coming down. It was amazing! We drove on to the hotel. My daughter said her boss was happy that she was checking into a hotel because she couldn’t work without electricity, and she happens to be one of the necessary people today because the people from OG&E keep calling her for information so they can do their jobs and get everyone’s electricity back on. She says she is not the most important person today, but she is a kind of support for the people at OG&E. Her phone kept ringing as we drove down the road toward the hotel.
When we got to the hotel, the sidewalk around the hotel was covered with ice, so I walked in the road. When we checked into the hotel, the television was on in the lobby. It was talking about Red Cross and triple A, a car rescue place, rescuing people because of the ice. There were school closings posted at the bottom of the TV. The girl at the front desk said she was amazed because she had never seen anything like this. Well, I have been around the world and back several times, and I have never seen ice to what it is doing today in Oklahoma. The girl at the front desk said the hotel was booked up because of the ice, and we were lucky that we called when we did because there wouldn’t have been a room otherwise. She also said she wasn’t going to go home when her shift was over because she was afraid of the ice, so she was going to stay in the hotel too.