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Korean Shopping and out to Eat

We are Americans who live in Korea.  Living in Korea, is not hard for Americans.  In this blog, I plan to write and put pictures so that Americans or others who are interested in Korea can see how we live.  We have been here for 12 years, so we have learned a lot that will help people who are interested in coming here.  We will take the readers with us as we move about in Korea and teach them how to do it if they want to do it.  Today, we went grocery shopping and out to eat, so I will tell you about our trip out.

To begin with, we live on the 9th floor of a very tall apartment building.  When we lived in Romania, we lived on the 9th floor for a while, and we thought we were very high up, and the building was 10 floors high, but the 9th floor is nothing here in Korea.  The first year we came here, we lived on the 24th floor of an apartment building in a small town, and we were not at the top.  Koreans build the tallest buildings in the world.  When they need a tall building in a place like Dubai, they bring Korean builders in because they know how to build tall buildings safely.  They have such tall buildings because the peninsula is small.  Everything is crowded in Korea, and the land space is limited.  All the apartment buildings have elevators, and it is common as in our building to have two elevators. One elevator only goes to the even numbered floors, and the other elevator only goes to the odd numbered floors.  As we get on the elevator on our floor, we notice a suit case sitting by the elevator we don’t use.  Someone has stored it there because no one will come out that door, and it isn’t in the way.  In America, we would never just leave a suitcase in the hallway like that, but it is okay in Korea.  No one will take it. If someone took it, they would consider it stealing. Children in America have a saying about things just left around, “Finders keepers, losers weepers,” but that is not a saying here. You just don’t mess with or touch anything that isn’t yours even if the owner is not there.

After we go down our elevator, you can see the signs by the elevators telling you which elevator to take from the bottom floor. You can also see advertisements written in Korean on those signs. Those are advertisements put there by real estate people who handle the apartments. You can see it below the signs telling which elevator to ride as well as under the mirror, two different real estate agents. You also see a sign that says CCTV. That means that you are on closed circuit TV. You are being watched.  These TVs are everywhere in Korea.  About 80% of your life in Korea is on film.  As we walk out, there is an office with windows. The man inside is a guard.  He stays there watching everyone coming and going. He knows what is going on. If you have trouble, you ask him for help. If you park your car wrong, he will call you up and tell you he doesn’t like how you parked your car, and you must come and park it again.  He also helps you with another problem in the parking lot I will discuss in the next paragraph.

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If the parking lot is full when you come, but you must park, you may park your car in front of other people’s cars.  If you do this, a couple of things are required.  First, all cars in Korea must have the driver’s telephone number displayed on the dashboard for people to see. If your car is causing trouble where it is, they will call you to move your car.  You just have to be patient.  If you are in bed, you jump up, throw your clothes on, and run out and move your car. Whatever you are doing, you must move because if you don’t, they become irate and mean with you if you don’t move right away.  You have the right to expect them to move right away if they are in front of your car too. You just have to learn to have patience and do it their way.  If you park it the way it is in my picture, then, you must leave your car in neutral and leave the parking brake off. In the picture, you can see a broken brick.  In this particular apartment building, the parking lot slopes, so they will put these broken bricks under their tires to keep the cars from rolling.  If you come out and someone has parked in front of you like that, all you do is move the brick and push the car out of the way.  If it is too hard to push, this is when you can go back and ask the guard to help you push the car.

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Now that we are outside, I decided to take a picture for you to show you just how big our apartment building is.  I kept backing off and backing off in the parking lot to get a good shot of it from the bottom to the top, but I just didn’t have the space to back up and get the top and bottom at the same time. This tells you these buildings are huge.  They don’t have earthquakes like in Japan. Japan doesn’t have much land space, but they can’t build buildings like this because of their earth quakes. Here in Korea, the biggest natural problem they have is the typhoon, and it is good to be in one of these buildings during a typhoon.  The wind can’t touch these buildings because they are made of concrete, and they are huge.  If it floods, and you live up on the second or higher floor, you are in business. No water will get in your house.  However, we had to learn something about living on the first floor the hard way because in the last apartment we lived in, we wanted the bottom floor.  The bottom floor is cheaper, and not many people want to live there.  When it floods, the water comes in.  When the snow begins melting, the water comes in.  When it is hot and rainy outside, the apartment on the bottom floor may start getting black mold on the walls.  The drainage system is not good in these apartments, and if you are on the bottom floor, you may have water standing in your bathroom floor. It is normal to spray the bathroom floors in Korea to clean them because they are completely tiled with a drain in the middle of the floor. In fact, if there is no bathtub, often, there is just a shower nozzle coming out of the sink for your to shower with, and you flood your bathroom when you shower.  Water in Korean bathroom floors is normal.  However, when we lived in Romania, living on the bottom floor of the apartment building was good because it meant that you would never have water problems, but here in Korea, living on the bottom floor says you will have too much water that will give you problems.

If you look at the outside of the building, you will see that every apartment has an enclosed balcony.  The balcony is not heated like the rest of the house, but it will be enclosed, and Koreans use these either to grow plants, to hang clothes to dry, or for storage.  In many apartments, they put the washing machine on the balcony.  If you also look on the outside of the building, you will see metal units attached to the outside of the balconies.  Those are air conditioners.  They don’t have central air in Korea, but they do have wall air conditioners, and in some cases, free standing air conditioners that stand in the corner of a room. They call these “air con.”  If you use the whole word, they will have no idea what you are talking about.  Many Koreans have air conditioning, but not everyone uses it because the air conditioners are electric.  If your electric bill gets too high, the electric company doubles it to discourage you from using so much electricity, so many people who have air conditioners will hardly use them even though it can get very steamy here in summer.

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As we get in our car to go, you will see that I have an SM3.  An SM3 is a Renault built by Samsung. In the beginning, I didn’t drive a car.  Many Koreans and foreigners use public transportation which is really good here. Public transportation is cheap and efficient in Korea.  In America, only the poorest people ride a bus to work, but it is not that way here. Often, even people who have cars opt out to use public transportation on a daily basis and save their cars just for family outings and things like that because the public transportation here is really good.  There are buses, subways, and taxis.  They are all cheap, and I will do another blog teaching you how to use them.  I used them in the beginning, and they are healthy.  Everyone usually loses weight when they first come to Korea because they are used to going everywhere in a car, but when you are walking to the bus stop or the subway station, you lose weight.  At one point, an American called me and sold me his second hand car. I was thinking like an American back then. The car was cheap, it ran, and it would make our lives more convenient, so I bought it.

It was better to have a car, but I ran into some problems. First, Korea is complicated to get around in with a car.  When we were going with the subways and buses, it was easy to know where to go, but I was always lost with my car. I was always calling my friends, telling them where I was and asking how to get home or to where I was going.  I had to learn that everyone who drives in Korea needs a GPS, a navigation system or they will get lost.  I bought a GPS from the same guy who sold me the car that was in English. That was a mistake.  The way the Koreans spell things in English makes no sense to Americans in the beginning until we get used to it, and I was always confused about where I was with that GPS.  Finally, the transmission went out on that old car, and a Korean friend of mine decided she was going to take over and teach me how it should be done in Korea.  Koreans don’t buy second hand cars. They buy new ones. They also buy the newest technology.  Everything must be up to date in Korea. I told her I wanted something cheap, and she told me she could get me a good new car that was cheap on gas with cheap car payments. I told her I also wanted a small car because there are many very crowded roads in Korea, and a smaller car would be easier to get around in. She wouldn’t even consider showing me a car as small as I wanted because she said they were dangerous.  She took me to a new car show room and insisted I had to buy one of those cars, and she wasn’t going to help me find anything else.  She actually guided me in a good way,  I now have a car that is cheap on gas, has cheap car payments, has a good GPS, and has a backup camera.  A backup camera is a must in Korea. The parking spots are smaller in Korea than in America, and having a backup camera helps you park.  Trying to go into a parking space frontwards at times is just impossible, but you can back up into it with a back up camera easily.  With the new car, I had a special service that I could call whenever I had car trouble. I will explain the car services in another blog, but she guided me right.  Now, we head out shopping in our SM3.

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The place we are going is EMart, the Korean WalMart.  It is like a super WalMart with everything available in one store. There are other stores like it in Korea, but usually EMart is the cheapest.  At times, we go to Home Plus or Lotte Mart. They are comparable to EMart, but not quite as cheap, but you can find things there that are not at EMart.  Home Plus has a lot of imports from England because it is actually owned by a British company.  WalMart was in Korea the first year we came, but EMart bought them out.  Like our apartment building, EMart is several stories high.  Instead of a big parking lot, there is a parking garage.  These stores and parking garages are not just in Seoul, but in every small town too.  We end up on the fourth floor of the parking garage because everything before that is crowded. Today is actually Saturday, so the store is more crowded. If we come through the week, there are less cars and less people because everyone is as work through the week, but today, everyone is out.

Like in our apartment building, we must start at the elevators.  I took a picture of something for you to see that is on every elevator in Korea.  They are warning signs not to touch the door of the elevator or lean on the door because you could fall and get hurt.  As we get in the elevator, you will here either nerocabnida or olacabnida in a sweet Korean lady’s voice.  “nerocabnida” means “going down,” and “olacabnida” means “going up.”  We actually begin by going down to the third floor.  There is usually a food court on the third floor of this particular EMart, but they have blocked most of it off.  This is something normal in Korea. Usually, in this food court, you get the choice of Burger King, Baskin Robbins, and any number of traditional Korean restaurants, but they have blocked the Korean restaurants off. I took a picture of the sign explaining it will be open again in June.  We are often disappointed when they do this. They just randomly close off a place you have been going for a long time and enjoying.  The business isn’t bad, but they like to upgrade everything in Korea.  As with my car, they like everything new.  Over at the mall, there was a wonderful restaurant called “Burger Hunter” where they had big luscious burgers and homemade potato chips, and we often when there with our Korean friends, but one day, they blocked it off. We had no idea what would be there or why they would block off such a popular restaurant. When they were done, they replaced it with a corn dog restaurant and a Mexican restaurant.  We go to those restaurants occasionally, but we miss our hamburger restaurant.  As for this food court, they still have Baskin Robbins because Baskin Robbins is very, very popular everywhere, all over Korea. It is is every little town, and sometimes on every street corner.  Koreans love ice cream. We also find Burger King.  Burger King and McDonalds both are popular in Korea.

We decided to eat at Burger King.  When you order at Burger King or McDonalds, you have a choice of how to order now.  You can either talk to the person at the cash register who speaks just enough English to take your order if you can’t speak Korean (However, we have been here for 12 years, so we speak to them in Korean), or you can use one of the new machines. I took a picture of the ordering machines for you, but I haven’t messed with them and never use them to order although many people do.  After you have ordered, they give you a piece of paper with a number, and they have a board where you wait for your number to come up, and then your order is ready.

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After you eat, you are expected to recycle.  There is a trash can, but there are also places to dump your ice, put your cups, and put your lids and straws.  Recycling in a really big thing in Korea. This culture thinks that if you are a good person, you will recycle.  My son in law recycles in front of our apartment building once a week. I did it in the beginning when we first came because they encouraged me to do it, bu my son in law has taken over, and I let him. In one of my blogs, I will show you the way they recycle at the apartment buildings.

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As we leave the food court, we pass an Italian restaurant.  It has a display case with models of the food. This is normal both in Korea and Japan. When the food court was open, they had models of the food with prices.  You chose which one you wanted, then went to the lady and told her which one you wanted. You paid for it, then she gave you a number, and you sat down and waited, looking at all the Korean restaurants knowing your number would come up on the sign board on top of one of them, and then when your number came up, you would go to that restaurant to get your food. It works the same in all the food courts here, but if there is Burger King, McDonalds, Baskin Robbins, or something like that, they are separate even though they are part of the food court.

We keep walking and go past clothing and jewelry.  As I said, this place is like a super WalMart and has everything. To get to the food because we are grocery shopping, we must go to another floor, so we take a moving sidewalk down.  At the bottom, we see the pharmacy, the “yakgook.” Yakgooks are everywhere, and it is very convenient to get Tylenol, band aids, etc., and to fill prescriptions in Korea. Next to the Yakgook, you also see a place where you can buy glasses, like a super WalMart. However, there is something I took a picture of for you that you can find here that you can’t find in American WalMarts that is very convenient.  If you lose weight or someone gives you clothes that just don’t fit, or just whatever reason, your clothes don’t fit, you can bring them to a place like this. They are all over the place.  They fix your clothes for you, and it is cheaper than buying new clothes.

We go on toward the place where the food is with our shopping cart on the next moving sidewalk.  There are many, many things available.  I took a picture of the candy isle. There is also soda pop. There is a bakery where you can buy all kinds of nice bread, cakes, pizza, muffins, bagels, croissants, etc.  We continue. You can buy already cooked, dried rice in small plastic bowls. When you take these home, all you have to do is open them up, add a few drops of water, cover them again, and put them in the microwave for a little, and you will have a nice hot bowl of rice.  My son in law says he doesn’t even add water to his.  To go along with these, there are several other things that you could just heat and eat to make your busy life easier.  These are just many packages of different dishes. My son especially liked me to buy the curry rice packages for him when he was here. My son in law likes the meat ball packages, the steak packages, etc.  On the opposite side from all this, there is cereal, all kinds like in America. We also recently got toaster pop ups, and that makes my daughter happy.

We go on through the store. We go past the coffee and tea isle where they have all kinds.  We come to the isle where they sell peanut butter, jelly, and even marshmallow cream.  On this isle, we can usually find imported canned goods of all kinds like canned fruit or pinto beans.  We can also find lots and lots of cans of tuna.  We don’t continue to the next isles because we really don’t need what is there, but in case you are wondering, there is sugar, flour, mayonnaise, ketchup, pancake syrup, cooking oil, etc. There is no shortening, but if we want solid shortening, we use butter.  We are headed for the butter and cheese isle where there are all kinds of cheeses from all over the world as well as all kinds of butter.  Next, we pick up milk, and you can get low fat milk. You don’t have to drink it with the fat in it if you don’t want to.

We continue on and see all kinds of exotic things. They have meat prepared for you to buy and cook yourself, but I have no idea what it is. When we get to the regular meat isle, we always look for chicken, pork, and hamburger. These are always much cheaper at EMart than in a place like Home Plus. Chicken is always there. Pork is always there, but hamburger is not always there. Even if hamburger is there, it may be so expensive that we won’t touch it.  If it is Korean beef, they price it off the charts crazy.  If they import it from Australia, it is half the price of Korean beef.  We never buy the Korean beef, but always the Australian beef.  At times, the beef is so expensive, but we still want the kinds of dishes that take ground meat. I have used ground pork in those circumstances. When you make spaghetti and meatballs for example, you really can’t tell a big difference between beef or pork because you have put your condiments, bread crumbs, and eggs in the meatballs and then covered them with spaghetti sauce.  The taste isn’t so different that it isn’t doable.  By the way, you can buy already made spaghetti sauce in jars.  We have tried the Korean brands as well as the imported brands, and we like the imported brands best, but we can’t get them in EMart. We have to go to Home Plus to get them. You can also use the ground pork for taco meat.  You can buy tortillas here as well as long horn or cheddar cheese which means you can make tacos, but usually, they will have to be made with flour tortillas instead of corn because corn tortillas are only found in import shops here, but you can find flour tortillas in EMart and Home Plus. Sometimes at Home Plus, you can buy packages of spices already mixed together for tacos or fajitas. If you want refried beans in your fajitas, you will have to learn to make them from scratch before you come.

After we leave the meat isle, we go on and see all kids of exotic things the Koreans eat.  We took some pictures for you to see.  We don’t know how to fix any of this stuff.  We go on to the vegetable and fruits.  There are all kinds of things to see here.  There are things we would consider normal, and some you may have never seen.  My daughter begins snapping pictures.  In one of the pictures, you can see plantains, cooking bananas.  When we lived in Nigeria, we used to buy these.  You slice them up and fry them in butter and put salt on them, and they are a great snack.  She also takes a picture of chamwee, or as some Koreans say chamway.  These are just two pronunciations we have heard for the same thing. They are small yellow melons.  I have never seen them in any other country, but they are good.  There is also a picture here of the Korean pears. They are big and round unlike American pears. They also keep for weeks on end in the fridge like apples unlike American pears.  They don’t bruise or go bad and soft quickly like American pears, and they are delicious.  There is also a shot of what Americans would call tangerines, but the Koreans call them kyul.  They are extremely popular here. They come from Jeju Island, the Korean Hawaii, an island to the complete south of the peninsula.  Many Koreans go there on vacation, and they bring these back with them.  These little tangerines are everywhere. Everyone has them. Everyone eats them.  When I get on a bus with other professors or with students to go somewhere, someone is always passing out kyul, their small tangerines. After class, often, students bring me a kyul as a gift like they bring apples to American teachers.  Kyul are just extremely, extremely popular in Korea.

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Across from the fruits and vegetables, there is a special section.  These are supposed to be fruits and vegetables grown in a healthier way than the regular fruits and vegetables, organic, and they are more expensive.

After we leave the fruits and vegetables, we go past some more Korean delicacies. There is a picture here of ginseng. Koreans love ginseng.  They even put it in candy.  You can get on a bus and smell ginseng products around you, especially if there are old people.  Korea is the ginseng capital of the world.  They believe it is extremely healthy.  They were pushing it on me so much when I first got here, that I looked it up on the internet, and it doesn’t have as many special things about it that the Koreans think it does according to what I read, but it doesn’t stop them from propagating it, believing in it, and using a lot of it.  There are also pictures here of dried fish.  From what I understand,  you are supposed fry these, but I haven’t ever seen it done or know how to do it myself.

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We also go past the paper products and the soap isles. We stop and take a picture of the soft plastic bag like laundry soap containers.  You can buy the regular packages here like in the States, but they also make these packages for you to use as refills for your heavy plastic bottle of detergent to make it cheaper.

Next, we head back upstairs on the moving sidewalk.  We check out at the checkout stand.  The store is crowded, so many people are checking out.  At the checkout stand, the woman will say to you “punktul dirilkayo?”  She is asking if you want a shopping bag.  You can answer in English if you say, “yeah” because that means “yes” in Korean.  If you want more than one, you will have to tell her, but she won’t speak English at all, so this is the first place you will probably have no choice but learn the Korean numbers.  In many situations, you won’t need Korean, but to check out, it is much easier if you learn just a little.  As for us, on this day, we don’t need shopping bags because we bought some with us. We have to pay for shopping bags in Korea.  I took a picture of our shopping bags.  The strawberry has a shopping bag inside, and many people carry these with them.  If you look at the blue ones, there are pictures on them.  They show you can shop and use them for trash bags.  You can only buy trash bags at the cash registers in Korea.  They have separate trash bags also that can’t be used as shopping bags, but they can’t be bought at EMart. You can buy bigger trash bags if you go to a local “super” which is what they call a small shop close to your house, but you will have to know how to ask for them.  You say “tsuregi punctul juseyo” which means please give me a trash bag.  They come in all different sizes, and you can either buy one or a package, and in the beginning, you will think they are expensive.  However, you won’t have to pay for a trash service. We actually use our bags that double as shopping bags for our trash bags. You have to buy the bags in your neighborhood or they won’t like it.  Every apartment building has a place where you deposit your trash in these special bags, and it is picked up once a week like the recycling.

Now, we are back in our car and leaving the parking garage. There are so many cars, there is a traffic jam coming out of the parking garage, and we just have to be patient. We are all waiting perched on a slope. It is hard to perch your car on a slope during a traffic jam. One false move, and you have hit another car.  Finally, we get to the bottom, and there is a little booth.  Luckily, at EMart, they don’t charge you to park, although, when they first put these booths in, they did, but now, they just count how long you were there and how many cars have been in the parking lot. However, if you go to a big fancy department store like Hyundai Department Store in Mokdong, you will have to collect every receipt you receive.  You must prove to them you have been shopping and not just using their parking garage for something else because parking can become a really big deal in Korea. If you have bought enough, you will not have to pay to get out of the parking garage at Hyundai Department Store, but if you have not bought enough for the amount of time you have been inside, then you must pay to get out.  I have actually found a way around all this nonsense.  When we go over there, the first temptation is to park on the pink floor of the parking garage because it has flowers, statues, etc., and everything is painted in pink for women to park there, but I don’t.  I go all the way to the bottom of the parking garage, in the deepest basement.  Very few cars go down there, so when it is time to leave, they may not have posted anyone at the gate and won’t have anyone there to charge you anything as you go out if you are lucky.

Our shopping trip is finished, and we head back for our apartment building.  When I get home, I plan on blogging before I forget what we did. On the way home, we talk about all the other things we do or can do in Korea that foreigners will enjoy reading about, so this isn’t the end of my blogging, just one blog.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Kanji (感じ(かんじ) , Hanmoon (한문), and Hanzi (Chinese Characters Used in China), Part 30

We are talking about basic kanji, hanmoon, or hanzi and then adding something to them to make a more complicated character. The next character, I learned in my very first Japanese class. When it was made, it used to look like an eye, but with time, for convenience of writing, they began squaring it off. Rather than the rounded lines you use when you draw an eye, they began just making straight lines so they could write it quickly.

This kanji, hanmoon, or hanzi is: 目. This means “eye.” In Japanese, it is said め (me). In Korean, it is said: 눈 (noon). In Chinese, this is said: yan.

Photo by Lisa on Pexels.com これはめです。(kore wa me desu.) = This is an eye. = 이거슨 눈 이예요. (eegeosun noon eeyeyo). = 这是一只眼睛。(Zhè shì yī zhī yǎnjīng.)

Japanese: 目 = eye. In Japanese, this is pronounced: me.

Korean: 目 = eye. In Korean, this is pronounced: 눈 (noon).

Chinese: 目 = eye. In Chinese, this is pronounced: yan.

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The next character also means “eye.” This is it: 眼. As you can see, it begins with: 目, but has another part to it. In Japanese, this is pronounced: がん (gan). In Korean, this is pronounced: 눈. In Chinese, this is pronounced: yanjing.

これも眼です。(kore mo gan desu.) = This is also an eye. = 이것또 눈 이예요. (eegeot ddoh noon eeyeyo) =这也是一只眼睛 (Zhè yěshì yī zhī yǎnjīng.)

Japanese: 眼 = eye. In Japanese, this kanji is pronounced: がん (gan).

Korean: 眼 = eye. In Korean, there is only one way to say “eye”: 눈 (noon).

Chinese: 眼 = eye. In Chinese, this is said: yanjing.

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The next character that is based on 目 (eye) is 眠 which looks almost like: 眼 , but if you look close, there is a difference in the second part. 眠 means “sleep.” In Japanese, it needs a little more to it because it is a verb: 眠る (ねむる) (nemuru) means “to sleep.” 眠ります (ねむります) (nemurimasu) means “sleep, sleeps, or will sleep.” 眠りました(ねむりました) (nemurimashita) means: slept. 眠っています (nemute imasu) means: “is, am, or are sleeping.” 寝ていました (nete imashita) = was sleeping. 寝ること (neru koto) is the gerund that means “sleeping,” a noun. 眠い(ねむい) (nemui) is not a verb, but in Japanese, the verbs and the adjectives are related, so 眠い means “sleepy.”

In Korean, the verbs and adjectives are also related. The basic meaning for 眠 is 자다 (jada) which is the basic verb for sleep that you will find on the page and in the dictionary. 자기 (jaghee) means “to sleep.” 자요 (jayo) = sleep or sleeps. 잘거요 (jalgeoyo) = will sleep. 잘거싰다 (jalgeosheetda) also means “will sleep.” 잤어요 (jasseoyo) or 잤다 (jatda) or 잣습니다 (jatsubneeda) all mean “slept.” 잔적이 있어요 (janjeokee eesseoyo) or 잔적이 있다 (janjeokee eettda) both mean “have slept.” 자돈적이 있어요 (jadonjeokee eesseoyo) or 자돈적이 있다 (jadonjoeokee eettda) both mean “had slept.”수면 (soomyeon) also means “sleep,” and is a noun form, a gerund. Another way to express the gerund is: 자는 것 (janun geot) which also means “sleeping,” the noun. If you want to say “sleeping person,” say “자는 사람” (janun saram) This makes 자는 (janun) an adjective. 졸리는 (jolreenun) or 줄려 (joolleo) is the adjective “sleepy.” “I am sleepy” is 줄려요 (joolleoyo). There are other ways to express 眠 in Korean, but these are some basic ways.

In Chinese, the hanzi is slightlty different from 眠. It still begins with: 目 (eye). The hanzi for “sleep” is: 睡 which is pronounced: shui. There is also another hanzi that means “sleep”: 睡觉 which is pronounced: Shuìjiào. If you notice the second part of this hanzi, it is a person with a roof over it which means “protection.” The interesting thing is that the adjective, “sleepy” is a completely different hanzi: 困 which is pronounced: kun. The character inside of the box means “tree” or “wood,” and the character on the outside means “opening,” “mouth,” or “door.”

赤ちゃんは眠ります (akachiyan wa nemurimasu.) = The baby sleeps. = 아기는 자요 (ahghee nun jayo) =嬰兒睡覺 ( Yīng’ér shuìjiào). 赤ちやんは寝ています(akachiyan wa nete imasu) = The baby is sleeping. = 아기는 자고 있어요 (ahghee nun jago eesseoyo) = 寶寶在睡覺 (Bǎobǎo zài shuìjiào).

Japanese: 眠 = sleep. 寝 = sleep. 眠る is pronounced: “nemuru) and means “to sleep.” 眠 ります (nemurimasu) means “sleep, sleeps, or will sleep.) 寝 ています (nete imasu) = is, am, or are sleeping.

Korean: 眠 = sleep. 睡 = sleep. In Korean, 자다 (jada) is the basic form of “sleep.” 자요 (jayo) means “sleep or sleeps.” 잘거예요 (jalkeoyeyo) means “will sleep.” 잤어요 (jasseoyo) = slept. 자고 있어요 (jako eesseoyo) = is, am, or are sleeping.

Chinese: 睡 = sleep. 睡觉 = sleep. 睡覺 = sleep. The way to say “sleep” in Chinese is: shuìjiào .

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I have discovered that verbs are probably the most complicated words you can study in a foreign language. When I teach a foreign language or study a foreign language, I spend a lot of time with the verbs. The most important words to study are verbs. In Japanese and Korean, you can just use a conjugated verb and leave out the pronoun, and it can be considered a complete sentence.

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Korean Lesson 127, Mary Knew (John 2:1-11), 한국말, 수업 127, 마리아는 알았어요 (요한복음 2징 1-11절)

Good mothers care about their children. (좋은어머니는 자녀를 돌 봅니다.) As their children are growing up, they take an interest in who their children are and what they are doing. (자녀가 성장함에 따라 자녀가 누구이며 무엇을하고 있는지에 관심을 갖습니다.) They learn their strengths and weaknesses and try to help with the children’s weaknesses. (그들은 자신의 강점과 약점을 배우고 아이들의 약점을 돕기 위해 노력합니다.) A good mother is the best friend a child can ever have. (좋은 엄마는 아이가 가질 수있는 가장 좋은 친구입니다.) Children of good mothers grow up with self confidence, with the ability to love others, with the ability to accomplish, etc. (좋은 어머니의 자녀는 자신감, 타인을 사랑할 수있는 능력, 성취 할 수있는 능력 등으로 자랍니다.) Mary must have been a phenomenal mother to have a son like Jesus. (마리아는 예수와 같은 아들을 낳은 놀라운 어머니 였을 것입니다.) Mary knew what Jesus could do before anyone else knew. (마리아는 다른 사람이 알기 전에 예수가 무엇을 할 수 있는지 알고있었습니다.) She was not an out of touch mother, but a very caring and nurturing mother who taught Jesus a lot of good things and knew who her son was. (그녀는 만지지 않은 어머니가 아니라 예수님에게 많은 좋은 것을 가르치고 그녀의 아들이 누구인지 아는 매우 돌보고 양육하는 어머니였습니다.) Remember the expression, “The hand that rocks the cradle rules a nation.” (“요람을 흔드는 손이 국가를 다스린 다”는 표현을 기억하십시오.) There is no wonder why some people get confused and think they should pray to Mary too, but she is not the savior of the world, but her son, Jesus, is. (어떤 사람들이 혼란스러워하고 마리아에게도기도해야한다고 생각하는 이유는 당연합니다.하지만 그녀는 세상의 구세주가 아니라 그녀의 아들 예수가 구세주입니다.) She knew his capabilities. (그녀는 그의 능력을 알고있었습니다.)

In the story in these verses, she is a proud mother who is ready for him to show who he is to the world even though he thinks it is not time. (이 구절의 이야기에서 그녀는 그가 때가 아니라고 생각하더라도 자신이 누구인지 세상에 보여줄 준비가 된 자랑스러운 어머니입니다.) If we know something is good, it is hard to keep the information to ourselves. (좋은 것이 있다는 것을 알면 정보를 우리 자신에게 보관하기가 어렵습니다.) As for Jesus, he knew the earlier he revealed who he was the quicker the scribes and Pharisees would be bothered by him, and the quicker he would be crucified. (예수님에 관해서는, 그는 자신이 누구인지 더 일찍 밝혀서 서기관과 바리새인들이 그에게 괴로워 할 것이며, 더 빨리 십자가에 못 박힐 것이라는 것을 알고있었습니다.) He knew that he came into this world to teach mankind, to die for our sins, and to show us how to get to God. (그는 인류를 가르치고, 우리의 죄를 위해 죽고, 하나님 께가는 방법을 보여주기 위해이 세상에 왔다는 것을 알고있었습니다.)

He wanted time to teach, and he didn’t want information about his abilities to spread too quickly. (그는 가르 칠 시간을 원했고 자신의 능력에 대한 정보가 너무 빨리 퍼지는 것을 원하지 않았습니다.) Often, when he healed someone, he would tell them not to tell anyone because he knew that when information about him got out, people would eventually kill him. (종종 그가 누군가를 고칠 때, 그는 그에 대한 정보가 나오면 사람들이 결국 그를 죽일 것이라는 것을 알았 기 때문에 아무에게도 말하지 말라고 말했습니다.) People have a problem, and Jesus understands people. (사람들은 문제가 있고 예수님은 사람들을 이해합니다.) Whoever is on top, there are always people who are jealous and want to throw rocks at them. (누가 꼭대기에 있든 질투하고 그들에게 돌을 던지고 싶은 사람들이 항상 있습니다.) In the universities where have taught, whoever is in charge has enemies. (가르친 대학에서는 책임자가 적을 가지고 있습니다.) When I was made vice president, I didn’t keep the position because people who liked be before began screaming at me, and I figured out it was out of jealousy, and I didn’t want enemies, so I resigned. (부통령이 됐을 때 예전에 좋아하던 사람들이 제게 비명을 지르기 시작했기 때문에 지위를 지키지 않았고, 질투심에 빠져 적을 원하지 않는다는 것을 알았 기 때문에 사임했습니다.) I was there to help people, not to hurt them, and they felt hurt, so I resigned. (나는 사람들을 해치지 않고 돕기 위해 거기 있었고 그들은 상처 받았다고 느꼈기 때문에 사임했습니다.) One man who had been made president of the university was even taken to court, and it broke it heart so badly that he also resigned. (대학 총장이었던 한 남자는 법정까지 끌려 갔고 마음이 아파서 사임했다.) Whoever is president of the U. S. always has people criticizing him, and we really saw the hatred this past year when President Trump was in office with the Antifa and Black Lives Matter groups causing so much trouble in America. (미국 대통령이 누구든 항상 그를 비판하는 사람들이 있고, 작년에 트럼프 대통령이 안티 파와 블랙 라이브스 매터 그룹과 함께 재임하면서 미국에서 많은 문제를 일으켰던 증오를 실제로 목격했습니다.) My oldest son is a lawyer, and one of the times he wanted to go from being D. A. to being a judge, and the other lawyers in his office made so much trouble for him that he withdrew from the race. ( 나의 큰아들은 변호사인데, 그가 D.A.에서 판사로 가고 싶었던 때 중 하나 였고, 그의 사무실의 다른 변호사들은 그를 위해 너무 많은 문제를 일으켜 그가 경주에서 물러났습니다.) Jesus knew that when information got out about his abilities, people would follow after him, and it would cause him to have enemies who would kill him. (예수께서는 자신의 능력에 대한 정보가 알려지면 사람들이 그를 따라 가고 그를 죽일 적을 갖게 될 것임을 알고 계셨습니다.)

Mary knew Jesus, but she didn’t know people like Jesus did. (마리아는 예수님을 알고 있었지만 예수님처럼 사람들은 알지 못했습니다. )They were at a wedding in Cana of Galilee. (그들은 갈릴리 가나에서 결혼식에 참석했습니다.) The people had drunk all the wine, and they were out of wine. (그들은 갈릴리 가나에서 결혼식에 참석했습니다.) Mary knew that Jesus could help them, so she asked Jesus to help them. (마리아는 예수님이 그들을 도울 수 있다는 것을 알고 예수님 께 그들을 도와달라고 요청했습니다.) Jesus wished his mother hadn’t asked him. (예수님은 그의 어머니가 그에게 물어 보지 않기를 바랐습니다.( He told her it wasn’t his time yet. (그는 아직 자신의 시간이 아니라고 그녀에게 말했다.) He wasn’t ready for information to get out about his abilities because he was just beginning his ministry. (그는 사역을 막 시작했기 때문에 자신의 능력에 대한 정보를 얻을 준비가되지 않았습니다.) However, he was a good son. (하지만, 그는 좋은 아들 이었다.) He knew the scriptures that said you must honor your father and mother (Exodus 20:12). (그는 아버지와 어머니를 공경해야한다는 경전을 알고있었습니다 (출애굽기 20:12).) He did as his mother asked. (그는 그의 어머니가 요청한대로했다.) He changed water into wine so the wedding celebration could continue. (그는 결혼식을 계속할 수 있도록 물을 와인으로 바꿨습니다.) His apostles were at the wedding. (그의 사도들이 혼례에 있었다.) They saw what Jesus did, and it caused them to have faith in him. (그들은 예수님이하신 일을 보았고 그로 인해 예수님을 믿게되었습니다.) Mary knew his abilities because she was in touch with who he was because she was a good mother. (마리야는 좋은 어머니 였기 때문에 자신이 누구인지 알고 있었기 때문에 자신의 능력을 알고있었습니다.)

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Eating Around the World, Part 10, Eating in Korea, Part 2

Korean food can get downright strange to the people in the west. When a foreigner eats Korean food in Korea, it is a real adventure, and Koreans like to capitalize on it. They want their food to seem exciting to the rest of the world. At times, they make sure they take you to restaurants that will serve you the strangest thing they can think of just to see how you will react. Sometimes, they take you to really expensive restaurants too. At times, they also try to push their Korean liquor on you. Here are some examples of those kinds of things.

This is not tontatsu. This looks like a pork steak. In many restaurants in Korea, you can order steak, and the bring you a hot pan and put it on the table, and then they bring you a steak, either beef or pork, and you cook it yourself in the hot pan on the table, and the Korean way is to leave it red in the middle.

The first year I was there, I learned that the teachers from particular schools love to go out to eat together. Once, a group of teachers was going out to eat from my school, and they asked me what I wanted to eat. I asked to go out for tonkatsu which is the same as a Japanese dish that I enjoyed that in Japan they caled katsu rice. It is a breaded, boneless, fried pork chop. It usually has rice, yellow pickles, and a salad on the side with a sauce over it. I enjoy tonkatsu or katsu rice. However, when all the teachers got together and began discussing where we should go, and I mentioned tonkatsu, I got laughed out of the room. They told me that tonkatsu was to plain. They told me that only children eat tonkatsu. However, as a foreigner, I recommend it to other foreigners because it isn’t strange at all, and in fact, it is good.

They put a squirming leg like one of these on my plate and expected me to eat it.

From that same school, one of the teachers decided to take me out with her when she went to eat with the teachers from her former school. We went to a very unusual restaurant. As we came in, there were small squids in an aquarium, and I learned that those small squids were what the restaurant served. We all sat around the table. In the center of the table, they had a burner like is on a stove. On the burner, they put a big pot of water. When it came to a boil, the waitress came to our table and brought a squid. She dropped it into the big pot of water, and I thought, “Oh, they are going to cook it in front of us.” She dropped the squid into the water live, and the minute she dropped it in, she grabbed it again and began cutting legs off. As she cut legs off, instead of leaving them in the water to cook, she began putting them on the plates in front of us. The squid had been blanched, but it hadn’t died yet. When she put the leg on my plate, it was still squirming. The others plunged in and began eating. I was completely shocked!! I couldn’t eat something that was still moving! The teacher who had taken me with her got mad because I wouldn’t eat it. I usually try everything they put in front of me, but a live squid leg was just going too far. When the meal was finished, one of the men teachers from the other school invited me to go and out and get drunk with him after the meal. I don’t drink, and I didn’t want to get drunk. When I turned him down, a couple of the Korean women kept going on about how wonderful a guy was and that they wished he would ask them, but he had asked me. After we ate, he followed me and helped me get a taxi home, and those women followed him.

This is a Russian church building, but many of the wedding halls looked like this in Korea.

Koreans were always inviting me to weddings. They have special wedding halls that look like castles. They are completely beautiful inside and out. There are marble floors and columns. There are brocade satin chairs. Many of the walkways where the brides and grooms go down the aisle, are made from glass with flowers under the glass. Often the tables are in the same room where the weddings take place, and sometimes there are special dining rooms. Their weddings are huge elegant parties. I went to a wedding in Seosan, a city south of Seoul, in the second year I was there. They were eating raw pork at the wedding reception. I was having a really hard time trying to find something to eat. The pork was done up like lunch meat and was cold.

The girl here is wearing a hanbok. The men are wearing Arab puffy pants. The pant for the man’s hanbok (Korean traditional clothing) are big and puffy like these Arab men’s pants, but much fancier and the legs are the same length.

They don’t just have wedding halls, but they also have halls for other special parties. One of the kinds of parties that I attended quite often was when their babies turned a year old, two years old in Korean age. In Korea, the baby is a year old when they are born because they have been alive in their mother for nine months before they are born. In the past, many babies died, so they began having parties and inviting adults, not other babies, to celebrate the Korean second birthdays of the babies. They would have pictures of the babies all over the room. The parents and the babies would be dressed in the Korean traditional clothing called hanboks. The woman’s hanbok looks like a long dress with a short wasted jacket and a big tie on the front of the jacket. The men’s hanbok may be made from the same material as his wife’s, and it is a top and pants to match. The pants are puffy like pants from the middle east. Like at the weddings, often, there are huge buffets full of different kinds of food to choose from. At times, they also served raw pork at these parties. Thankfully, when there is a buffet, there is a choice of what kind of food you can choose. Some of my friends ate the raw pork, and It was hard for me to believe they thought it was good.

Raw hamburger meat is a delicacy, and not all Koreans eat it, but some do.

Besides raw pork, some also eat raw hamburger. I went to a teacher’s party the first year, and they brought raw hamburger for us to eat. I actually thought they would bring a burner out and cook it, but my friend let me know they expected everyone to eat it raw. He insisted that I try. I really didn’t want it, but I was trying really hard to get along, and I ended up taking a bite of the raw hamburger just to make my friend happy because he was really pushing it. He said if it was imported beef from Australia, he wouldn’t eat it, but he felt like Korean beef was clean because they were very careful about what the cows ate. When I shopped at the grocery store, I learned that all Koreans prized the Korean beef more than the Australian beef they imported because the Korean beef was much more expensive than the Australian beef.

Raw fish is popular in Korea.

Everyone knows that the Japanese eat raw fish, but the Koreans eat it too. My son in law’s parents were always inviting us to go out to eat with them, and they always chose a sushi restaurant. There would be a buffet with big pieces of just raw fish to eat. I didn’t want just plain raw fish. I always poked around and found something else to eat. Thankfully, they understood and never said anything negative about me not eating raw fish.

They taught me to eat oysters straight out of the shells.

At one of the teacher’s parties I went to with the professor from KCU, they were serving oysters. I had never eaten oysters, and the oysters weren’t cooked either as far as I know. Maybe they were, but they were slimy. They brought them in the shells, and we pried the shells open and they taught me to pop the oyster out of the shell and straight into my mouth. They weren’t bad, but I would never order them for myself.

a bottle of Soju, Korean traditional liquor

At these teacher’s parties, the ones when I was teaching in the public school, we all had a problem. The principal liked to drink, and he wanted everyone to drink with him. The Korean alcohol is called Soju. Soju is really strong. It comes in a green bottle. At one of the parties, the principal decided he was going to go around and make sure everyone was drinking Soju. The teachers didn’t all want to get drunk, so many didn’t want to drink with him, but since he was their boss, they thought they had to drink with him. It is a problem in Korea at times. The older people or the people in charge end up forcing the people under them to drink. When the principal came to me, I just told him I didn’t drink and turned him down, and the Korean teachers said I was the only one who could get by with turning him down because I was a foreigner. The other teachers were trying to figure out how to get by without drinking, but also without telling him no. Soju is clear and looks like water. The solution many of them had was to keep a glass of water that looked like the glass they let the principle pour their Soju into, and switch the glasses when he wasn’t looking, and drink the water letting him think they were drinking Soju. Some kept an empty glass under the table, and when he came by to fill their glass, when he looked away, they would pour the Soju in the glass under the table. My friend was a good Pentecostal guy, and he didn’t drink, and the principal zeroed in on him. When we all went home, the principal wouldn’t let him go home. The principal insisted on taking my friend to a bar after the dinner. The principal was already drunk, and my friend had been one of them dodging the Soju. My friend couldn’t tell the principal he wasn’t going to go, so he went to the bar with him. After they went to the bar, the principal had a pool table at home and insisted he go home with him to play pool and drink more. My friend didn’t get home until 6:00 in the morning, and school was the next day. My friend was the sixth grade teacher. He didn’t show up for school the next day, and no one could find him. They kept calling my classroom looking for him since they knew we spent a lot of time together, but he wasn’t there, and I was getting worried. When I tried to call him, there was no answer. He finally showed up at school close to lunch time, and then he told me the story of what the principal had done to him. At another one of these parties, I figured out that I could tell who was drinking and who wasn’t because the ones who were getting drunk would get a red face. Once, a group of teachers who were drunk decided they were going to go sing karakoe, and they wanted me to go, but I wasn’t going to go anywhere with a group of drunk teachers. The same Pentecostal guy and another friend who was bigger and stronger than all the rest of them intervened for me when they took me by the arm and were trying to force me to go sing karaoke with them. They made the drunk guys unhand me and took me home. I was grateful.

The principal drank a glass of wine an stopped, and he didn’t force anyone to drink with him, and I appreciated him for it.

The second year, I got into a public school that had a Catholic principal. The Catholic principal drank wine instead of Soju, and when the teachers went out together, he drank one glass and quit, and he never tried to force the other teachers into drinking with him. I was really grateful to have a man with self control in charge. In that year, I went to Korea Christian University to teach, and I never had any more problems with people trying to make me or other teachers drink, and no drunk tried to force me into doing anything at KCU. However, I heard there were older students there who were giving the younger ones a problem and trying to get them to drink. The students told me the problem was not as big at KCU as it is at other universities in Korea with the older ones trying to force the younger ones to drink because there are many Christians at the university. A student who ended up coming to my Bible studies and becoming a friend of mine was in charge of the dorm, and he pushed really hard to stop all the students from drinking. In the end, if KCU students drank, they got in a lot of trouble.

She got drunk and passed out on her way to her room. The Korean students found her and took care of her.

There was an American high school girl who came to help the old missionary, and she stayed in the dorm for a while. She found some friends who were not KCU students and went out and got drunk with them. She showed up at the dorm drunk and passed out just inside the front door. The students took care of her and took her upstairs and put her to bed, and no one told on her, but someone found out. She almost got herself kicked out of the dorm. I was very disappointed in her. Her dad had wanted to be a missionary and come teach at KCU, and when he wasn’t hired, she wanted to come anyway, and the church where they stayed had sent her. Eventually, her parents found out what she had done, and they had her write everyone an apology letter. Her parents had been extremely strict on her, and when she came to Korea, she was rebelling rather than doing mission work.

Korean chook is extremely tasty and not spicy at all.

I met the girl at church the next day, and she was sick. I took her to get some chook after church and gave her a ride back to the dorm. Chook is what all the Koreans eat when they are sick. If you get sick in Korea, the first thing they do is give you chook. Chook is a kind of rice porridge that is much easier on the stomach than most Korean food. There are many different kinds. My favorite kind is chicken flavored. My Korean son in law likes pumpkin chook. Once, he decided to try making pumpkin chook for our family, and he didn’t do so well, and it didn’t taste very good and upset my stomach. Since then, he has gone to Korean cooking school, and I am glad.

This old woman is the queen of Korea. If you meet an old woman in Korea, you had better listen!!!

This is just another sample of eating in Korea. There is more to be said. The reason the older students could force the younger ones to drink and the principal could force his teachers to drink is a cultural reason. Korea is a Confucian culture. Countries that are built on the Confucian model have who ever is older in charge. Even if someone is only two minutes older, they are in charge. The younger ones just stay quiet and do whatever the older ones or the bosses tell them to do. They never contradict them. There is never a fight about someone standing up for themselves because Korea is the land of the morning calm, and it is just not acceptable to fight back or to cause any trouble at all. Whoever is older decides what everyone does. This means that usually the grandparents are in charge, and between the grandmother and the grandfather, the grandmother is the queen of the society. Older women are known as ajumas. You don’t want to cross an ajuma. Ajumas are in charge. That is why they all eat kimchee, because even if they don’t want it, the ajumas insist that they eat kimchee because it is good for them. I will tell you more about Korean food in the next blog about food from around the world.

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Easy Japanese, Lesson 16, Special Numbers

I have said to people many times that the Japanese have several counting systems. I am not sure I know them all, but I decided to share some of them with you just now. These are for counting particular things. Especially, when you go shopping, you may need these numbers to talk to the sales people.

  1. If you want to county flat things like a piece of paper, a book, a t-shirt, etc.:

いちまい (ichi mai) = 1 thin flat thing

にまい (ni mai) = 2 thin flat things

さんまい (san mai) = 3 thin flat things

よんまい (yon mai) = 4 thin flat things

ごまい (go mai) = 5 thin flat things

ろくまい (roku mai) = 6 thin flat things

ななまい (nana mai) = 7 thin flat thing)

はちまい (hachi ma) = 8 thin flat things

きゅうまい (kyu-u ma) = 9 thin flat things

じゅうまい (jyu-u mai) = 10 thin flat things

じゅういちまい (jyu-u ichi mai) = 11 thin flat things

じゅうにまい (jyu-u ni mai) = 12 thin flat things

えんぴつ は そんぼん が あります (enpitsu wa sanbon ga arimasu) = There are three pencils.

2. This next one is used to count long, round things like pencils, bottles, umbrellas, etc.

いっぽん (ippon) = 1 ong, round thing

にほん (ni hon) = 2 long, round things

さんぼん (san bon) = 3 long, round things

よんほん (yon hon) = 4 long, round things

ごほん (go hon) = 5 long, round things

ろっぽん (roppon) = 6 long, round things

ななほん (nana hon) = 7 long, round things

はっぽん (happon) = 8 long, round things

きゅうほん (kyu-u hon) = 9 long, round things

じゅうっぽん (jyu-uppon) = 10 long, round things

じゅういちっぽん (jyu-u ichi ppon) = 11 long, round things

じゅうにほん (jyu-u ni hon) = 12 long, round things

りんごはむっつがあります(ringo wa muttsu ga arimasu) = There are six apples.

3. The next one is for counting round things like balls, oranges, apples, hamburgers, etc.

ひとつ (hitotsu) = 1 round thing

ふたつ (futatsu) = 2 round things

みっつ (mittsu) = 3 round things

よっつ (yottsu) = 4 round things

いつつ (itsutsu) = 5 round things

むっつ (muttsu) = 6 round things

ななつ (nanatsu) = 7 round things

やっつ (yattsu) = 8 round things

ここのつ (kokonotsu) = 9 round things

とお (to-o) = 10 round things

じゅういち (jyu-u ichi) = 11 round things

じゅうに (jyu-u ni) = 12 round things

ひとはさんいんがあります (hto wa san nn ga arimasu) = There are three people.

4. This system is used for counting people:

ひとり (hitori) = one person

ふたり (futari) = two people

さんにん (san nin) = three people

よんにん (yon nin) = four people

ごりのひと (gori no hito) or ごにん (gonin) = 5 people

ろくり (rokuri) or ろくにん (rokunin) = 6 people

しちり (shichiri) or しちにん (shichinin) or ななにん (nananin) = 7 people

はちり (hachiri) or  はちにん (hachinin) = 8 people

きゅうり (kyu-u ri) or  きゅうにん (kyu-u nin) = 9 people

じゅうり (jyu-u ri) or  じゅうにん (ju-u nin) = 10 people

じゅういちり (jyu-u ichi ri) じゅういちにん (jyu-u ichi ni nin) = 11 people

じゅうにり( jyu-u ni ri) or  じゅうににん (jyu-u ni nin) = 12 people

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Matthew 28: 16-20, Jesus’ Last Words (Mateo 28:16-20, Las Ultimas Palabras de Jesus)

When someone leaves, when someone dies, they like to say something they really want people to know. (Cuando alguna persona se va, cuando alguna persona muere, les gusta decir algo que realmente quieren que la gente sepa/) The last words are very important. (Las ultimas palabras son muy importante.) If you read at the end of all the four gospels about Jesus last days on earth or in the first part of Acts, they tell what they think is important about what Jesus did and said before he left. (Si lees al final de los cuatro evangelios sobre los últimos días de Jesús en la tierra o en la primera parte de Hechos, te dicen lo que creen que es importante sobre lo que Jesús hizo y dijo antes de irse.) In all four gospels and in the first chapter of Acts, it is recorded that Jesus wants his disciples to tell others. (En los cuatro evangelios, y en el primer capítulo de Hechos, se registra que Jesús quiere que sus discípulos les digan a otros.)

Here in Matthew, he says, “All authority in Heaven and on earth has been given to me. Therefore, go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the father, the son, and the Holy Spirit, and teaching them to obey everything I have commanded you. And surely, I am with you to the very end of the age” (Matthew 28:18-20).

Aqui en San Mateo, ‘el dice: “Toda postad me es dada el el Cierlo y en la tierra. Por tanto, id, y haced discipulos a todos las naciones, bautizandolos en el nombre del Padre, y del Hijo, y el Espiritu Santo; ensenandoles que guarden todas las cosas que os he mandado; y he aqui yo estoy con vosotros todos los dias, hasta el fin de mundo” (Mateo 28:18-20).

In the end of Mark, it says, “Go into all the world and preach the good news to all creation. Whoever believes and is baptized will be saved, but whoever does not believe will be condemned” (Mark 16:15-16).

En el fin de San Marcos, dice, “Id por todo el mundo y predicad el evangelio a toda criatura. ‘El que creyere y fuere bautizando, sera’ salvo; mas ‘el que no creyere’, sera’ condenado” (Marcos 16:15-16).

In the end of Luke, it says, “This is what is written: The Christ will suffer and rise from the dead on the third day, and repentance and forgiveness of sins will be preached in his name to all nations, beginning at Jerusalem. You are witnesses of these things” (Luke 24:46-48).

En el fin de San Lucas, dice, “Asi’ esta’ escrito, y asi fue necesario que el Cristo padeciese, y resuscitase de los muertos al tercer dia; y que se predicase en su nombre el arrepentimiento y el perdon de pecados en todos las naciones, comenzando desde Jerusalen. Y vosotros sois testigos de estas cosas” (Lucas 24:46-48).

In John 21:15-18, a conversation between Jesus and Peter is recorded, and Jesus asks him three times, “Do you love me?,” and after that, Jesus says, “Feed my sheep.” He is telling him that he must teach others. When someone says it three times, you know it is important.

En San Juan 21:15-18, Se registra una conversación entre Jesús y Pedro, y Jesus le pregunta tres veces, “?Me amas?,” y despues de esa, Jesus dice, “Apaciente mis ovejas.” ‘El esta. diciendo lo que ‘el necesita ensenar a los otros. Cuando alguien dice una cosa tres veces,sabes que es importante.

In the first chapter of Acts, it says Jesus very last words before he ascends into Heaven at the Mount of Olives are, “..and you will be my witnesses in Jerusalem and in all Judea and in Samaria, and to the ends of the earth” (Acts 1:8).

In el primero capitulo de Hechos, dice que las ultimas palabras de Jesus antes que ‘el asciende en Cielo en el monte de Olivios son: “…y me sereis testigos en Jerusalen, en toda Judea, en Samaria, y hasta lo ultimo de la tierra” (Hechos 1:8).

Christians are the followers of Jesus, and it is his plan for us to tell the whole world. (Cristianos son seuiadores de Jesus, y es su plan para nosotros a decir todo el mundo.) Photo by The latest are better on Pexels.com

Jesus was talking to his followers. (Jesus estaba hablando a sus seguiadores.) In Acts, there were about 120 people there. (En Hechos habia alrededor de 120 personas alli.) Jesus’ plan was for his followers to tell the rest of the world about him. (El plan de Jesús era que sus seguidores le contaran al resto del mundo sobre él.) He had just died for the sins of the whole world and then rose from the dead. (Él acababa de morir por los pecados del mundo, y luego resucitó muerto.) What he had done was downright earth shaking! (¡Lo que había hecho era una sacudida total de la tierra!) In fact, in Matthew 27:51, it says that when Jesus died, there was an earthquake. (De hecho, en Mateo 27:51, dice que cuando Jesús murió, hubo un terremoto.) Soldiers die for us, but not one of them has risen from the dead. (Los soldados mueren por nosotros, pero ninguno de ellos se ha levantado de entre los muertos.) There have been other prophets, but they also did not rise from the dead. (Ha habido otros profetas, pero tampoco resucitaron de entre los muertos.) When Buddha died, he died and was gone. (Cuando Buddha murio’ ‘el murio y se habia ido.) When Mohammed died, he died and was gone. (Cuando Mohammed murio’, ‘el murio y se habia ido.) However, when Jesus died, he came back from the dead, and even history records it. (Sin embargo, cuando Jesus murio’, ‘el regreso’ de entro los muertos, y incluso la historia lo registra.) No one has ever done that or done it since. (Nadie ha hecho eso ni lo ha hecho desde entonces.) Only Jesus did it. (Solamente Jesus lo hizo.) Even if he didn’t tell us to teach others about him and his teachings, what he did was so shocking, people should talk about it. (Incluso si no nos dijo que enseñáramos a otros sobre él y sus enseñanzas, lo que hizo fue tan impactante que la gente debería hablar de ‘esta.) As Christians, we need to listen to what Jesus said and tell the whole world about him and his teachings. (Como Cristianos, necesitamos escuchar la que jesus dijo y decimos el mundo entero acerca de ‘el y sus ensenazas.)