Korean Shopping and out to Eat

We are Americans who live in Korea.  Living in Korea, is not hard for Americans.  In this blog, I plan to write and put pictures so that Americans or others who are interested in Korea can see how we live.  We have been here for 12 years, so we have learned a lot that will help people who are interested in coming here.  We will take the readers with us as we move about in Korea and teach them how to do it if they want to do it.  Today, we went grocery shopping and out to eat, so I will tell you about our trip out.

To begin with, we live on the 9th floor of a very tall apartment building.  When we lived in Romania, we lived on the 9th floor for a while, and we thought we were very high up, and the building was 10 floors high, but the 9th floor is nothing here in Korea.  The first year we came here, we lived on the 24th floor of an apartment building in a small town, and we were not at the top.  Koreans build the tallest buildings in the world.  When they need a tall building in a place like Dubai, they bring Korean builders in because they know how to build tall buildings safely.  They have such tall buildings because the peninsula is small.  Everything is crowded in Korea, and the land space is limited.  All the apartment buildings have elevators, and it is common as in our building to have two elevators. One elevator only goes to the even numbered floors, and the other elevator only goes to the odd numbered floors.  As we get on the elevator on our floor, we notice a suit case sitting by the elevator we don’t use.  Someone has stored it there because no one will come out that door, and it isn’t in the way.  In America, we would never just leave a suitcase in the hallway like that, but it is okay in Korea.  No one will take it. If someone took it, they would consider it stealing. Children in America have a saying about things just left around, “Finders keepers, losers weepers,” but that is not a saying here. You just don’t mess with or touch anything that isn’t yours even if the owner is not there.

After we go down our elevator, you can see the signs by the elevators telling you which elevator to take from the bottom floor. You can also see advertisements written in Korean on those signs. Those are advertisements put there by real estate people who handle the apartments. You can see it below the signs telling which elevator to ride as well as under the mirror, two different real estate agents. You also see a sign that says CCTV. That means that you are on closed circuit TV. You are being watched.  These TVs are everywhere in Korea.  About 80% of your life in Korea is on film.  As we walk out, there is an office with windows. The man inside is a guard.  He stays there watching everyone coming and going. He knows what is going on. If you have trouble, you ask him for help. If you park your car wrong, he will call you up and tell you he doesn’t like how you parked your car, and you must come and park it again.  He also helps you with another problem in the parking lot I will discuss in the next paragraph.


If the parking lot is full when you come, but you must park, you may park your car in front of other people’s cars.  If you do this, a couple of things are required.  First, all cars in Korea must have the driver’s telephone number displayed on the dashboard for people to see. If your car is causing trouble where it is, they will call you to move your car.  You just have to be patient.  If you are in bed, you jump up, throw your clothes on, and run out and move your car. Whatever you are doing, you must move because if you don’t, they become irate and mean with you if you don’t move right away.  You have the right to expect them to move right away if they are in front of your car too. You just have to learn to have patience and do it their way.  If you park it the way it is in my picture, then, you must leave your car in neutral and leave the parking brake off. In the picture, you can see a broken brick.  In this particular apartment building, the parking lot slopes, so they will put these broken bricks under their tires to keep the cars from rolling.  If you come out and someone has parked in front of you like that, all you do is move the brick and push the car out of the way.  If it is too hard to push, this is when you can go back and ask the guard to help you push the car.


Now that we are outside, I decided to take a picture for you to show you just how big our apartment building is.  I kept backing off and backing off in the parking lot to get a good shot of it from the bottom to the top, but I just didn’t have the space to back up and get the top and bottom at the same time. This tells you these buildings are huge.  They don’t have earthquakes like in Japan. Japan doesn’t have much land space, but they can’t build buildings like this because of their earth quakes. Here in Korea, the biggest natural problem they have is the typhoon, and it is good to be in one of these buildings during a typhoon.  The wind can’t touch these buildings because they are made of concrete, and they are huge.  If it floods, and you live up on the second or higher floor, you are in business. No water will get in your house.  However, we had to learn something about living on the first floor the hard way because in the last apartment we lived in, we wanted the bottom floor.  The bottom floor is cheaper, and not many people want to live there.  When it floods, the water comes in.  When the snow begins melting, the water comes in.  When it is hot and rainy outside, the apartment on the bottom floor may start getting black mold on the walls.  The drainage system is not good in these apartments, and if you are on the bottom floor, you may have water standing in your bathroom floor. It is normal to spray the bathroom floors in Korea to clean them because they are completely tiled with a drain in the middle of the floor. In fact, if there is no bathtub, often, there is just a shower nozzle coming out of the sink for your to shower with, and you flood your bathroom when you shower.  Water in Korean bathroom floors is normal.  However, when we lived in Romania, living on the bottom floor of the apartment building was good because it meant that you would never have water problems, but here in Korea, living on the bottom floor says you will have too much water that will give you problems.

If you look at the outside of the building, you will see that every apartment has an enclosed balcony.  The balcony is not heated like the rest of the house, but it will be enclosed, and Koreans use these either to grow plants, to hang clothes to dry, or for storage.  In many apartments, they put the washing machine on the balcony.  If you also look on the outside of the building, you will see metal units attached to the outside of the balconies.  Those are air conditioners.  They don’t have central air in Korea, but they do have wall air conditioners, and in some cases, free standing air conditioners that stand in the corner of a room. They call these “air con.”  If you use the whole word, they will have no idea what you are talking about.  Many Koreans have air conditioning, but not everyone uses it because the air conditioners are electric.  If your electric bill gets too high, the electric company doubles it to discourage you from using so much electricity, so many people who have air conditioners will hardly use them even though it can get very steamy here in summer.


As we get in our car to go, you will see that I have an SM3.  An SM3 is a Renault built by Samsung. In the beginning, I didn’t drive a car.  Many Koreans and foreigners use public transportation which is really good here. Public transportation is cheap and efficient in Korea.  In America, only the poorest people ride a bus to work, but it is not that way here. Often, even people who have cars opt out to use public transportation on a daily basis and save their cars just for family outings and things like that because the public transportation here is really good.  There are buses, subways, and taxis.  They are all cheap, and I will do another blog teaching you how to use them.  I used them in the beginning, and they are healthy.  Everyone usually loses weight when they first come to Korea because they are used to going everywhere in a car, but when you are walking to the bus stop or the subway station, you lose weight.  At one point, an American called me and sold me his second hand car. I was thinking like an American back then. The car was cheap, it ran, and it would make our lives more convenient, so I bought it.

It was better to have a car, but I ran into some problems. First, Korea is complicated to get around in with a car.  When we were going with the subways and buses, it was easy to know where to go, but I was always lost with my car. I was always calling my friends, telling them where I was and asking how to get home or to where I was going.  I had to learn that everyone who drives in Korea needs a GPS, a navigation system or they will get lost.  I bought a GPS from the same guy who sold me the car that was in English. That was a mistake.  The way the Koreans spell things in English makes no sense to Americans in the beginning until we get used to it, and I was always confused about where I was with that GPS.  Finally, the transmission went out on that old car, and a Korean friend of mine decided she was going to take over and teach me how it should be done in Korea.  Koreans don’t buy second hand cars. They buy new ones. They also buy the newest technology.  Everything must be up to date in Korea. I told her I wanted something cheap, and she told me she could get me a good new car that was cheap on gas with cheap car payments. I told her I also wanted a small car because there are many very crowded roads in Korea, and a smaller car would be easier to get around in. She wouldn’t even consider showing me a car as small as I wanted because she said they were dangerous.  She took me to a new car show room and insisted I had to buy one of those cars, and she wasn’t going to help me find anything else.  She actually guided me in a good way,  I now have a car that is cheap on gas, has cheap car payments, has a good GPS, and has a backup camera.  A backup camera is a must in Korea. The parking spots are smaller in Korea than in America, and having a backup camera helps you park.  Trying to go into a parking space frontwards at times is just impossible, but you can back up into it with a back up camera easily.  With the new car, I had a special service that I could call whenever I had car trouble. I will explain the car services in another blog, but she guided me right.  Now, we head out shopping in our SM3.


The place we are going is EMart, the Korean WalMart.  It is like a super WalMart with everything available in one store. There are other stores like it in Korea, but usually EMart is the cheapest.  At times, we go to Home Plus or Lotte Mart. They are comparable to EMart, but not quite as cheap, but you can find things there that are not at EMart.  Home Plus has a lot of imports from England because it is actually owned by a British company.  WalMart was in Korea the first year we came, but EMart bought them out.  Like our apartment building, EMart is several stories high.  Instead of a big parking lot, there is a parking garage.  These stores and parking garages are not just in Seoul, but in every small town too.  We end up on the fourth floor of the parking garage because everything before that is crowded. Today is actually Saturday, so the store is more crowded. If we come through the week, there are less cars and less people because everyone is as work through the week, but today, everyone is out.

Like in our apartment building, we must start at the elevators.  I took a picture of something for you to see that is on every elevator in Korea.  They are warning signs not to touch the door of the elevator or lean on the door because you could fall and get hurt.  As we get in the elevator, you will here either nerocabnida or olacabnida in a sweet Korean lady’s voice.  “nerocabnida” means “going down,” and “olacabnida” means “going up.”  We actually begin by going down to the third floor.  There is usually a food court on the third floor of this particular EMart, but they have blocked most of it off.  This is something normal in Korea. Usually, in this food court, you get the choice of Burger King, Baskin Robbins, and any number of traditional Korean restaurants, but they have blocked the Korean restaurants off. I took a picture of the sign explaining it will be open again in June.  We are often disappointed when they do this. They just randomly close off a place you have been going for a long time and enjoying.  The business isn’t bad, but they like to upgrade everything in Korea.  As with my car, they like everything new.  Over at the mall, there was a wonderful restaurant called “Burger Hunter” where they had big luscious burgers and homemade potato chips, and we often when there with our Korean friends, but one day, they blocked it off. We had no idea what would be there or why they would block off such a popular restaurant. When they were done, they replaced it with a corn dog restaurant and a Mexican restaurant.  We go to those restaurants occasionally, but we miss our hamburger restaurant.  As for this food court, they still have Baskin Robbins because Baskin Robbins is very, very popular everywhere, all over Korea. It is is every little town, and sometimes on every street corner.  Koreans love ice cream. We also find Burger King.  Burger King and McDonalds both are popular in Korea.

We decided to eat at Burger King.  When you order at Burger King or McDonalds, you have a choice of how to order now.  You can either talk to the person at the cash register who speaks just enough English to take your order if you can’t speak Korean (However, we have been here for 12 years, so we speak to them in Korean), or you can use one of the new machines. I took a picture of the ordering machines for you, but I haven’t messed with them and never use them to order although many people do.  After you have ordered, they give you a piece of paper with a number, and they have a board where you wait for your number to come up, and then your order is ready.


After you eat, you are expected to recycle.  There is a trash can, but there are also places to dump your ice, put your cups, and put your lids and straws.  Recycling in a really big thing in Korea. This culture thinks that if you are a good person, you will recycle.  My son in law recycles in front of our apartment building once a week. I did it in the beginning when we first came because they encouraged me to do it, bu my son in law has taken over, and I let him. In one of my blogs, I will show you the way they recycle at the apartment buildings.


As we leave the food court, we pass an Italian restaurant.  It has a display case with models of the food. This is normal both in Korea and Japan. When the food court was open, they had models of the food with prices.  You chose which one you wanted, then went to the lady and told her which one you wanted. You paid for it, then she gave you a number, and you sat down and waited, looking at all the Korean restaurants knowing your number would come up on the sign board on top of one of them, and then when your number came up, you would go to that restaurant to get your food. It works the same in all the food courts here, but if there is Burger King, McDonalds, Baskin Robbins, or something like that, they are separate even though they are part of the food court.

We keep walking and go past clothing and jewelry.  As I said, this place is like a super WalMart and has everything. To get to the food because we are grocery shopping, we must go to another floor, so we take a moving sidewalk down.  At the bottom, we see the pharmacy, the “yakgook.” Yakgooks are everywhere, and it is very convenient to get Tylenol, band aids, etc., and to fill prescriptions in Korea. Next to the Yakgook, you also see a place where you can buy glasses, like a super WalMart. However, there is something I took a picture of for you that you can find here that you can’t find in American WalMarts that is very convenient.  If you lose weight or someone gives you clothes that just don’t fit, or just whatever reason, your clothes don’t fit, you can bring them to a place like this. They are all over the place.  They fix your clothes for you, and it is cheaper than buying new clothes.

We go on toward the place where the food is with our shopping cart on the next moving sidewalk.  There are many, many things available.  I took a picture of the candy isle. There is also soda pop. There is a bakery where you can buy all kinds of nice bread, cakes, pizza, muffins, bagels, croissants, etc.  We continue. You can buy already cooked, dried rice in small plastic bowls. When you take these home, all you have to do is open them up, add a few drops of water, cover them again, and put them in the microwave for a little, and you will have a nice hot bowl of rice.  My son in law says he doesn’t even add water to his.  To go along with these, there are several other things that you could just heat and eat to make your busy life easier.  These are just many packages of different dishes. My son especially liked me to buy the curry rice packages for him when he was here. My son in law likes the meat ball packages, the steak packages, etc.  On the opposite side from all this, there is cereal, all kinds like in America. We also recently got toaster pop ups, and that makes my daughter happy.

We go on through the store. We go past the coffee and tea isle where they have all kinds.  We come to the isle where they sell peanut butter, jelly, and even marshmallow cream.  On this isle, we can usually find imported canned goods of all kinds like canned fruit or pinto beans.  We can also find lots and lots of cans of tuna.  We don’t continue to the next isles because we really don’t need what is there, but in case you are wondering, there is sugar, flour, mayonnaise, ketchup, pancake syrup, cooking oil, etc. There is no shortening, but if we want solid shortening, we use butter.  We are headed for the butter and cheese isle where there are all kinds of cheeses from all over the world as well as all kinds of butter.  Next, we pick up milk, and you can get low fat milk. You don’t have to drink it with the fat in it if you don’t want to.

We continue on and see all kinds of exotic things. They have meat prepared for you to buy and cook yourself, but I have no idea what it is. When we get to the regular meat isle, we always look for chicken, pork, and hamburger. These are always much cheaper at EMart than in a place like Home Plus. Chicken is always there. Pork is always there, but hamburger is not always there. Even if hamburger is there, it may be so expensive that we won’t touch it.  If it is Korean beef, they price it off the charts crazy.  If they import it from Australia, it is half the price of Korean beef.  We never buy the Korean beef, but always the Australian beef.  At times, the beef is so expensive, but we still want the kinds of dishes that take ground meat. I have used ground pork in those circumstances. When you make spaghetti and meatballs for example, you really can’t tell a big difference between beef or pork because you have put your condiments, bread crumbs, and eggs in the meatballs and then covered them with spaghetti sauce.  The taste isn’t so different that it isn’t doable.  By the way, you can buy already made spaghetti sauce in jars.  We have tried the Korean brands as well as the imported brands, and we like the imported brands best, but we can’t get them in EMart. We have to go to Home Plus to get them. You can also use the ground pork for taco meat.  You can buy tortillas here as well as long horn or cheddar cheese which means you can make tacos, but usually, they will have to be made with flour tortillas instead of corn because corn tortillas are only found in import shops here, but you can find flour tortillas in EMart and Home Plus. Sometimes at Home Plus, you can buy packages of spices already mixed together for tacos or fajitas. If you want refried beans in your fajitas, you will have to learn to make them from scratch before you come.

After we leave the meat isle, we go on and see all kids of exotic things the Koreans eat.  We took some pictures for you to see.  We don’t know how to fix any of this stuff.  We go on to the vegetable and fruits.  There are all kinds of things to see here.  There are things we would consider normal, and some you may have never seen.  My daughter begins snapping pictures.  In one of the pictures, you can see plantains, cooking bananas.  When we lived in Nigeria, we used to buy these.  You slice them up and fry them in butter and put salt on them, and they are a great snack.  She also takes a picture of chamwee, or as some Koreans say chamway.  These are just two pronunciations we have heard for the same thing. They are small yellow melons.  I have never seen them in any other country, but they are good.  There is also a picture here of the Korean pears. They are big and round unlike American pears. They also keep for weeks on end in the fridge like apples unlike American pears.  They don’t bruise or go bad and soft quickly like American pears, and they are delicious.  There is also a shot of what Americans would call tangerines, but the Koreans call them kyul.  They are extremely popular here. They come from Jeju Island, the Korean Hawaii, an island to the complete south of the peninsula.  Many Koreans go there on vacation, and they bring these back with them.  These little tangerines are everywhere. Everyone has them. Everyone eats them.  When I get on a bus with other professors or with students to go somewhere, someone is always passing out kyul, their small tangerines. After class, often, students bring me a kyul as a gift like they bring apples to American teachers.  Kyul are just extremely, extremely popular in Korea.


Across from the fruits and vegetables, there is a special section.  These are supposed to be fruits and vegetables grown in a healthier way than the regular fruits and vegetables, organic, and they are more expensive.

After we leave the fruits and vegetables, we go past some more Korean delicacies. There is a picture here of ginseng. Koreans love ginseng.  They even put it in candy.  You can get on a bus and smell ginseng products around you, especially if there are old people.  Korea is the ginseng capital of the world.  They believe it is extremely healthy.  They were pushing it on me so much when I first got here, that I looked it up on the internet, and it doesn’t have as many special things about it that the Koreans think it does according to what I read, but it doesn’t stop them from propagating it, believing in it, and using a lot of it.  There are also pictures here of dried fish.  From what I understand,  you are supposed fry these, but I haven’t ever seen it done or know how to do it myself.


We also go past the paper products and the soap isles. We stop and take a picture of the soft plastic bag like laundry soap containers.  You can buy the regular packages here like in the States, but they also make these packages for you to use as refills for your heavy plastic bottle of detergent to make it cheaper.

Next, we head back upstairs on the moving sidewalk.  We check out at the checkout stand.  The store is crowded, so many people are checking out.  At the checkout stand, the woman will say to you “punktul dirilkayo?”  She is asking if you want a shopping bag.  You can answer in English if you say, “yeah” because that means “yes” in Korean.  If you want more than one, you will have to tell her, but she won’t speak English at all, so this is the first place you will probably have no choice but learn the Korean numbers.  In many situations, you won’t need Korean, but to check out, it is much easier if you learn just a little.  As for us, on this day, we don’t need shopping bags because we bought some with us. We have to pay for shopping bags in Korea.  I took a picture of our shopping bags.  The strawberry has a shopping bag inside, and many people carry these with them.  If you look at the blue ones, there are pictures on them.  They show you can shop and use them for trash bags.  You can only buy trash bags at the cash registers in Korea.  They have separate trash bags also that can’t be used as shopping bags, but they can’t be bought at EMart. You can buy bigger trash bags if you go to a local “super” which is what they call a small shop close to your house, but you will have to know how to ask for them.  You say “tsuregi punctul juseyo” which means please give me a trash bag.  They come in all different sizes, and you can either buy one or a package, and in the beginning, you will think they are expensive.  However, you won’t have to pay for a trash service. We actually use our bags that double as shopping bags for our trash bags. You have to buy the bags in your neighborhood or they won’t like it.  Every apartment building has a place where you deposit your trash in these special bags, and it is picked up once a week like the recycling.

Now, we are back in our car and leaving the parking garage. There are so many cars, there is a traffic jam coming out of the parking garage, and we just have to be patient. We are all waiting perched on a slope. It is hard to perch your car on a slope during a traffic jam. One false move, and you have hit another car.  Finally, we get to the bottom, and there is a little booth.  Luckily, at EMart, they don’t charge you to park, although, when they first put these booths in, they did, but now, they just count how long you were there and how many cars have been in the parking lot. However, if you go to a big fancy department store like Hyundai Department Store in Mokdong, you will have to collect every receipt you receive.  You must prove to them you have been shopping and not just using their parking garage for something else because parking can become a really big deal in Korea. If you have bought enough, you will not have to pay to get out of the parking garage at Hyundai Department Store, but if you have not bought enough for the amount of time you have been inside, then you must pay to get out.  I have actually found a way around all this nonsense.  When we go over there, the first temptation is to park on the pink floor of the parking garage because it has flowers, statues, etc., and everything is painted in pink for women to park there, but I don’t.  I go all the way to the bottom of the parking garage, in the deepest basement.  Very few cars go down there, so when it is time to leave, they may not have posted anyone at the gate and won’t have anyone there to charge you anything as you go out if you are lucky.

Our shopping trip is finished, and we head back for our apartment building.  When I get home, I plan on blogging before I forget what we did. On the way home, we talk about all the other things we do or can do in Korea that foreigners will enjoy reading about, so this isn’t the end of my blogging, just one blog.










Kanji, Hanmoon, and Hanzi, Part 20 (感じ(かんじ) (kanji), 한문 (hanmoon), and the Chinese Characters Used in China

We have been studying a group of characters that are made up of more than one character and based on a easier character that we have already studied that is the character to the left of these whole characters. Here is a quick review of this section:

口= mouth, opening, entrance

Based On: 口 =mouth. (In Japanese: くち (kuchi)) (In Korean: 입 (eeb)) (In Chinese: 嘴 (zui) )

味= taste (In Japanese: あじ (aji) or み (mi)) (In Korean: 맛 (mash) or 맛이 나다 (mashinahdah) or 맛있어요 (masheesoyo)) (In traditional Chinese: 品嚐 (Pingchang), This character is used by the Koreans, but the pronunciation is Chinese.) (In simplified modern Chinese: 品尝 (Pingchang)).

= call. (In Japanese: よぶ (yobu)) (In Korean: 요구 (yogoo) or 부르다 (boorudah) or 부려요 (booryeoyo) (In traditional Chinese: 稱呼 (Chengu) The character is used in Korea, but the pronunciation is Chinese. In simplified modern Chinese: 呼吁 (Chengu) ).

吸= inhale.  (In Japanese: すーう (su-u) or きゆう(kyu-u) or 吸い込む (すいこむ) (suikomu) or 吸い込みます(すいこみます) (suikomimasu))  (In Korean: 흡입 (hubeeb) or 흡입 하다 (hubeeb hada) or 흡입 해요 (hubeeb heyo)) (In Chinese: 吸入 (xiru)).

Based on: 土 = earth.  (In Japanese: つち (tsuchi) or ど (do)) (In Korean: 지 (jee) or 토류 (toryoo)) (In Chinese: di).

地 = earth. (In Japanese: ち (chi)) (In Korean: 지규 (jeegyoo)) (In Chinese: diqiu)).

場 = place. (In Japanese: ば (ba) or 場所 (ところ) (tokoro))  (In Korean: 장소 (jangso)) (In traditional and Modern Chinese: 地方 場所 or (dijang)This means these characters are used in Korea and China, and the pronunciation is Chinese.)

坂 = slope. (In Japanese: さか (saka))  (In Korean: 경사 (yeongsa)) (In Chinese: Po).

Based on 女 = woman. (In Japanese: おんな (onna)) (In Korean: 여자 (yojah)) (In traditional and modern simplified Chinese: 女士 (nushi). This means the character is used in Korea and China, but this pronounciation is only Chinese.)
好 = like. (In Japanese: 好きです(すきです) (sukidesu)) (In Korean: 좋아한다 (choh-ahanda) or 좋아해요 (choh-aheyo)) (In Chinese: xihuan.)
姉 = older sister.  (In Japanese: あね (ane)) (In Korean: 어니 (eonee)) (In Chinese: 姐姐 (jiejie).
妹 = younger sister. (In Japanese: いもうと (imouto)) (In Korean: 여돟생 (yeodongseng) ) (In Chinese: 妹妹 (meimei).
These are all the characters we have done in this section so far. The characters in the next section are based on 子. This character means: child.  In Japanese, it is pronounced:こ (ko). In Korean, it is pronounced: 아이 (ah-ee). In traditional Chinese, it is: 孩子 which means this character is that the Koreans and the Chinese use,and it is pronounced: haizi in Chinese.
これは子供です (kore wa kodomo desu) = This is a child. = 이것은 아이 이예요 (eegeosun ah-ee eeyeyo). = 这是一个孩子 (Zhè shì yīgè háizi). Photo by Gabby K on


The character that has the character 子 on the left side is: 孫 which means “grandchild” or :grandchildren.” In Japanese, this is pronounced: まご (mago). In Korean, this is pronounced: 손자 (sonjah). In traditional Chinese, this is written: 孫子, with and extra 子. Remember that the Koreans use the traditional Chinese form. In modern simplified Chinese, this is written: 孙子 and pronounced: sunji. The modern Chinese character has the character for “child,” the character for “small,” and then the character for “child” again. All three together mean “grandchildren.”

こ の 人たち は 孫 を います (kono hitotachi wa mago wo imasu.) = These people have grandchildren.) = 그 사람들은 손자를 있어요. (kusaramdul un sonjah lul isseoyo) = 这些人有孙子 (Zhèxiē rén yǒu sūnzi..)

Japanese: 孫 = grandchildren. In hiragana, this is written: まご (mago).

Korean: 孫子= grandchildren. In hangul, this is written: 손자 (sonjah).

Chinese: 孙子 = grandchildren. In Chinese, this is said: sunji. similar to the Korean.

私の 孫は 日本へ 住んで います。(watashi no mago ha nippon e sunde imasu.) = My grandchildren are livng in Japan.

나의 손자는 일본에 살고 있어요. (na oo-ee sonjah nun eelbon eh salgo eesseoyo) = My grandchildren are living in Japan.

日本 = Japan
我的 孫子們 住 在 日本 (Wǒ de sūnzimen zhù zài rìběn) = My grandchildren are living in Japan. 
我的 孙子 们 住 在 日本 (Wǒ de sūnzimen zhù zài rìběn) = My grandchildren are living in Japan. 
(The first Chinese sentence is in traditional Chinese which means they are characters used in Korea, but the pronunciation is Chinese. The second sentence is in modern simplified Chinese that they use today.)

From these sentences, you can see the character for Japan: 日本.  You can also see the character for live: 住.  You can also tell that the post position particles in Chinese are written in hanzi just like everything else. へ (e) is the prepositional post position particle in Japanese for "in, at, or to."  에 (e) is the prepositional post position particle in Korean for "in, at, or to."  在 (zai) is the prepositional  particle for "in, at, or to" in Chinese, and it is not a post position particle, just a particle that comes before 日本 (Japan.)

 You can also tell that 私の (watashi no) means "my" in Japanese because 私 (watashi) means "I," and の (no) is a possessive post position particle. IN Korean, 나의 (na oo-ee) is "my," and 나 (nah) means "I" and 의 (oo-ee) is the possessive post position particle. In Chinese, 我的 (wode) is the word for "my, 我 (wo) is the word for "I," and 的 (de) is the possessive post position particle. 

In Japanese, は (wa) is the post position particle used after the subject. In Korean, 는 (nun) is the post position particle used after the subject. And, in Chinese, 们 (men) is the post position particle used after the subject.  We don't have an equivalent of this particle in English unless you want to think of it like "the" or "a," but they come before the noun and are used for different concepts than the post position particles in Japanese, Korean, and Chinese.
I have added only character today that is based on 子 (child). It is enough for one day because of all the review and the explanations of the grammar. I review so you can remember, and I analyze because it helps you understand better, and it is actually fun because I don't speak Chinese, and I am learning a little bit of Chinese doing this series of blogs too. 

Korean Lesson 119, John 1:10-13, Christians are Children of God (한국말 수업 119, 요한복음 1장10-13절, 기도교인들이 하나님의 어리니 이예요)

I understand that Korean is a very complicated language for English speakers, and English is also very complicated for Korean speakers. (내가 한국말이 영어를 말하는 사람을 을위하여 노부 복잡하고 영어는 한국말하는 사람을위하여 노무 복잡하라고 이해애요.) There is a large gulf between the languages, bigger than any other languages that I have studied. (이 두 언어 사이에는 다른 어떤 언어보다 더 큰 차이가 있어요.) It took me longer to learn to speak Korean than the other languages I speak. (제가 말하는 다른 어떤 언어보다 한국어를 배우는 데 더 오래 걸렸어요.) When I taught the international students at an American university, the Korean struggled more than any of the others, and I understand why. (내가 미국 대학에서 유학생들을 가르쳤을 때 한국인은 다른 어떤 대학보다 힘들었고 그 이유를 이해해요.) This difference is why we have to do so slow through these verses. (이 차이가 우리가이 구절을 천천히해야하는 이유이예요.) Let’s get started. (시작하자.)

“10. 그가 새상에 계솄어며 세상은 그로 말미아마 지은바 되었으되 세상이 그를 알지 못하였고 11. 자기 땅에 오매 자기 백성이 영잡하지 아니하였으나 12. 영잡하는 자 곧 그이름을 믿는 자들에게는 하나님의 자녀가 되는 권세를 주셨으니 13. 이는 혈퉁으로나 육장으로나 사람의 뜻으로 나지아니하고 오직 하나님께로부터 난 자들이니라” (요한복음 1장10-13절),

“10. He was in the world, and though the world was made through him, the world did not recognize him. 11. He came to that which was his own, but his own did not receive him. 12. Yet to all who received him, to those who believed om his name, he gave the right to become children of God–children not born of natural descent, nor of human decision or a husband’s will, but born of God” (John 1: 10-13).

Vocabulary and Grammar (단어 와 문법):

Verse 10:(10절): 그가 (ku ga) = he (그 is the masculine pronoun, and 가 is the post position particle that tells you that this pronoun is used as a subject, so it translates as “he.”)///새상에 (sesang eh) = world, and the 에 is a post position particle telling you that 새상 is the object of the preposition because 에 means “to, at, or in.”) // 계셨어며 (gyeshyosseomyeo) = were or was, and. (계시다 (gyesheedah), the verb this comes from, is a special state of being verb used if you are talking about someone you have a lot of respect for like your parents or like God. The ㅆ at the bottom of the second syllable tells you it is past tense. Whenever you take a verb that has an ㅣ just before you conjugate it, the ㅣ has to be changed to: ㅕ. The 며 at the end means “and.” This “and” is only used inside of a sentence on the end of a verb.)///세상은 (sesang un) = world, and the 은 on the end means this is a subject.////그로 (ku roh) = through him (그 is the masculine pronoun, and 로 means “using, through, or to.”) 새상은 그로 말미아마 지은바 ( sesang eh ku ro malmi-ama jee-un ba) = even though the world was made through him (구로 (through him) 지은바 (built, 짓다 (jeetdah) is the original form of this word meaning “build.” 새상은 (the world))/// 되었으되 (dwe-eossudwee) = was done (This comes on the end of 지은바 (built) to make the verb complete; it is a past tense state of being verb used inside the sentence.)/// 그를 (ku lul) = him (The 를 on the end tells you that his is a direct object, and the 그 is the masculine pronoun, so it becomes “him” in English.)////알지 못하였고 (aljee mot hayeotgo) = didn’t know, couldn’t know, and didn’t want to know. (알지 comes from 알다 (aldah) which means “know.” the 지 on the end means a negative is coming. 못하다 means “don’t, can’t, and doesn’t want to.” It is a very strong negative. 못하였다 (mothayeotdah) is past tense of 못하다. The 고 on the end means “and,” and is only used on the end of a verb in the middle of a sentence.)///

Verse 11: (11절): 자기 (jaghee) = self// 자기 땅에 (jaghee ddang eh) = to his own country/// 오매 (ohmeh) = came (This comes from 오다 (ohdah).)/// 자기 백상이 (jaghee beksang ee) = his own people (백상 means “people.” The 이 tells you this is the subject.) // 영잡 하다 (yong jab hadah) = to be clever (the dictionary form)/// 영잡 하지 아니하였으나 (yong jab hajee ahnee hayeott u na) = weren’t clever, but (영잡 하지 아니 is the part that says “not clever,” and the 하였 part tells you this past tense. The 으 is there because 나 begins wth a consonant and 였 ends in a consonant, and you can’t have two consonants together. 나 is the part that means “but,” and it is only a “but” that is used inside the sentence.)////영잡 하는 (yong jab hanun) = clever (the adjective form)/// 자 (jah) = the one// 영잡하는 자 (yong jab hanun jah) = the one who was clever//// 곧 (kod) = soon///그 이름은 믿는 자들 에게 (ku eerum un meednun jadul ehghe) = to the ones who believe on his name (그 is “his” here, but technically 그외 means “his,” but Koreans often leave things out. 이름은 means “name,” and t is a subject because of the 은 on the end. 믿는 comes from 맏다 or 믿어요 which mean “believe,” and it is an adective and a verb at the same time because of the 는 on the end of it. 자들 means “the ones.” It is the plural of 자 which means “the one.” The 들 made 자 plural. 에개 means “to,” a preposition that is only used with people.)//하나님 의 (hananeen oo-ee) = God’s///자녀가 (janyeogah) = children///되는 (dwenun) = become, and it is in the form that can be used in the sentence as both a verb and an adjective.////권세를 (kwanseh lul) = dominance, and the 를 tells you this is the direct object/// 주셨으니 (jooshyeossu nee) = because he gave (주다 or 줘요 mean “give,” and 주셨어요 means “gave.” 니 means “because,” and 으 is there because ㅆ is a consonant and ㄴ is a consonant, and two consonants can’t come one right after the other without a vowel between them.

Verse 12: (12 절):

이는 (eenun) = this///혈퉁으로나 (hyeoltoong u roh nah) = throug blood, but (렬퉁 means “blood.” 로 means “through or using, and 으 is there because ㅇ at the end of a word is a consonant and ㄹ is a consonant. 나 means “but” inside of a sentence.)///사람의 (saram oo-ee) = people’s or person’s (사람 means person, but it could be people because the Koreans are not always specific and technical and leave things like plurals out. 의 is a post position particle that is like apostrophe “s” and makes a possessive.)//뜻으로 (ddusuroh) = through the will (뜻 means “will,” and 로 means “through, using, or to,” and the 으 is there because ㅅ and ㄹ are consonants, and two consonants can’t be together./////나지 아니 하고 (najee ahnee hago) = is not born, and (the 아니 means “not,” and the 하고 is a kind of “and” used after a verb inside a sentence.)///오직 (ohjeek) = only///하나님께로부터 (hananeem ggheroh booteo) = through and from God (하나님 means “God,” and 께로 means “through,” and 부터 means “from.”)///난 자들 (nan jadul) = the ones born (난 is an adjective meaning “born,” and 자들 means “the ones.”) 이니라 (eeneerah) = is, am, are, because (이 is the “is, am, or are” part. 니 means “because,” 라 is a verb ending you will only see in the Bible because it is used to talk bout elevated things.)

Unfortunately, there were many who didn’t accept Jesus when he came, and there are those now a days who also don’t accept him. (운수 마쁘게 예수님이 오셨을 때 받아들이지 않는 사람들이 많았으하고 오늘도 그를 받아들이지 않는 사람들이 있어요.) However, the people who have accepted him should be really happy. (하지만 예수님을 받었는 사람들이 장말고 행복 해야한다.) These verses say that the people who believe can become children of God. (이 절은 예수를 믿은 사람들이 하나님의 어린이를 되을 수 있어라고 말해요.)


Another Important Question: “What do you believe the Bible teaches about homosexuality, transgender, and gender identity issues that have become main issues in today’s culture?”

This question came from a list of questions that was handed to me that I have been asked to answer. In America, this is a very hot topic. In other parts of the world, they know about it, but it is not so much of a problem. America has real problems because of this topic, and I know there are many in American who would like to push their opinions on the rest of the world. Recently, there were Americans trying to teach about this topic in the universities in Romania, and the Romanian Orthodox priests were blocking them. The Romanians have the topic figured out, and they don’t want the new American morality pushed on them, and I applaud them. Most Romanians believe what the Bible teaches on this topic, and I agree with them. After spending eight years in Romania, I came back to America and figured out what the Americans were doing and saying, I was shocked. Now, I have just spent fourteen years in S. Korea. Koreans also think about this topic the way the Bible teaches. The only place you found any hint of anything like this was over in Itaewon where the foreigners are, not where most Koreans hang out. There is one lonely gay bar in Korea, and the sign is so obscure that you will probably miss it. Most of the people in the world still have descent morals when it comes to this issue. It is only Americans that are having this problem, and most of America only has the problem because the gays in America have tried to ram it down our throats, and they try to teach us that we are prejudice if we don’t accept what they are doing. They may even read this article and try to cause trouble with me. When I was young, there was a beautiful young woman from Florida who was a Miss America, and she had a talk show on TV. She tackled the emerging gay problem them, and the gays shut her up. She got banned from TV, and no one every saw her on the air again.

This is mainly an American problem, but there are those in America who are trying to push it on other countries. If they understood the attitudes in those other countries better, they would just leave them alone because they are alienating people to America. I know because I have lived in eight countries and speak several languages. I know what people around the world think and believe.

(opens in a new tab)When I came back from Romania, I was in charge of about thirty new professors at the university where I was teaching. One of the guys was gay, and two of the women were lesbians. It was the first time I had ever met anyone who did anything or professed anything like that. One of the lesbian professors wanted my position at the university. She heard me talking about Romania with another professor who had been in Romania. I told him about a Jewish girl who was my student in Romania, and she got a scholarship to come to America to teach. I was extremely happy for her and proud of her! When she got to America, I was amazed because the Jewish community just took her in completely. She lived at one of their homes, and her stay in America was extended longer than the year she was supposed to be there. The American Jews paid for the rest of her university in America. I didn’t know the Jews were like that. I was very happy for her and the sense of security and community that she had as a Jew. The lesbian professor who wanted my position took this story and twisted and and went to my boss who happened to be Jewish, but I didn’t know because it actually made no difference to me. She told it in a negative light toward me and told my boss that I was prejudice against Jews and homosexuals. She tried to get me into trouble, but my boss knew me better than that and didn’t accept it. In fact, my boss saw that I was so not prejudice against people that when a Muslim tried to enroll in English classes, she made sure he got into my class to make sure he was treated right.

I got attacked by another lesbian also at that university. There was a student. She was a lesbian and a self professed witch. She wrote crazy papers about people gay bashing, about how to become a witch, what witches do on Halloween, etc. She thought she was extremely righteous because she also wrote a paper on saving the barrier reef in Australia. Her writing, even though she had interesting topics and her grammar was good was tedious and difficult to read. She had grown up in a gay bar and lived in a gay/witch community growing up. Basically, being gay and a witch was her culture, and she grew up with it. She told me about large witch meetings that took place around the university at night in the woods. She told me about books that you could read about becoming a witch. She offered to bring me a book and let me read it, so I accepted thinking I would love to understand the mind of these people so I could help them. She brought the book, and I was reading it. Then, she found out I was a Christian, and it alarmed her. I gave her a C on her paper about the great barrier reef in Australia because it was so tedious and difficult to read. She thought she deserved an A+, and the C made her mad. She was convinced I had graded her down because I am a Christian. She also tried to get me into trouble, but my boss knew I was no problem. I called the girl in, and I gave her scriptures about what the Bible said about homosexuality and witchcraft so that she would know that she was right that Christians thought those things were sins. However, I also gave her scriptures about how Christians are urged to love everyone and treat them well. I let her know that those gay bashers she wrote about could not have actually been Christians even if they professed Christianity. I tried to get her to understand that her word choices and sentence structures did not contribute to good reading, and that when she wrote, she had to keep the audience in mind. It is one of the major things I always teach in my writing classes. I actually teach several lessons on word choice when I teach people to write. When I read her paper, I actually felt how locked up she was inside and it made me feel locked up like I couldn’t move or breathe to the point of being uncomfortable like you feel when a heart attack begins or when you are about to vomit. However, she blamed the grade on the fact that I am a Christian, and she was a lesbian and a witch which had nothing to do with the grade. I learned that the gay community was just waiting to tear me apart because I am openly very Christian and always have been, and my boss told me she admired me because I was so openly Christian because there was a lot of Christian persecution going on in that university. My boss didn’t like to tell people she was Jewish because she was afraid of the back lash she would get. There was a lot of Christian persecution on that campus. I even heard about someone kicking someone’s chair out from under him because he was talking to them about God. My boss had the right to be scared to tell people she believed in God.

Photo by Wendy van Zyl on

Here are the scriptures that I base my beliefs on about this issue:

Romans 1:26-32 is very clear when it is talking about sins of mankind: “Because of this, God gave them over to shameful lusts. Even their women exchanged natural relations for the unnatural ones. In the same way, men also abandoned natural relations with women and were inflamed with lust for one another. Men committed indecent acts with other men, and received in themselves the due penalty for their perversion. Furthermore, since they did not think it was worthwhile to retain the knowledge of God, he gave them over to a depraved mind, to do what ought not to be done. They have become filled with every kind of wickedness, evil, greed, and depravity. They are full of envy, murder, strife, deceit and malice. They are gossips, slanderers, God haters, insolent, arrogant and boastful; they invent ways of ding evil; they disobey their parents. They are senseless, faithless, heartless, ruthless. Although they know God’s righteous decree, that those who do such things deserve death, they not only continue to do these very things, but also approve of those who practice them.” This is a very clear scripture, and a very hard one for today’s American culture. I know there are two lesbians who are Baptist preachers in Texas. That is why my aunt who was Baptist for years left the Baptist church. When I came back from Japan once, I taught at a high school for disturbed young people run by the Baptist church in Texas. My principal seemed to have some sort of problem I didn’t understand. I thought she was divorced. Eventually, one of the students told me she was a lesbian. She got so mad when the student told me!! When she learned that I knew she fired me and told me that if I came back to school, she would have me arrested. I hadn’t even talked to her about it, but she didn’t want me to know at all. It was a Baptist school with a lesbian principal. I worry about the Baptists. God is clear about his attitude about homosexuality.

God sent fire from Heaven to destroy Sodom and Gomorrah.

In fact, in the old word in English for homosexuality is sodomy. In the Old Testament, God got really hard on the homosexuals. He hated homosexuality so much that he destroyed Sodom because it had come into that city. In Genesis 19: 1-10, there is a story of angels entering Sodom, and the men of Sodom wanted to sleep with them and were so aggressive about it that God struck them blind. After that, God completely destroyed Sodom. This incident is mentioned in the New Testament in Jude, verse 7: “In the same way, Sodom and Gomorrah and the surrounding towns gave themselves to sexual immorality and perversion. They serve as an example of those who suffer the punishment of eternal fire.” There are many more scriptures that condemn homosexuality in the Old Testament. These are just three scriptures that tell us how God feels about homosexuality, transgender, and gender identity issues.

As a Christian, I know what God teaches, and I agree with it. In the New Testament, In John 8: 1-11, there is also a story about a women who is caught in adultery and how Jesus handles it. The woman has been caught in adultery, and the men are about to throw rocks at her until she is dead. They asked Jesus what he would do with her. Jesus paused. He stooped down and wrote on the ground, and then he got up and said, “The one without sin may cast the first stone.” Each one of the men realized they were not perfect, that each had sinned in his own way. They began putting their rocks down one by one and leaving. No one could throw rocks. After that, Jesus sent the woman away, but he didn’t say, “You are fine. Just continue doing what you were doing.” He said, “God an sin no more.” God doesn’t want us to treat them badly. Revenge belongs to God, not to us. God punishes people for sin, we don’t. We are asked to teach people the difference between right and wrong, teach them about God and the way back to him, but we are not asked to treat these people badly.

That perfume she poured on Jesus was expensive, and she was crying her eyes out. She had received forgiveness, and she wanted to badly to show her appreciation and was so sorry for her sins. Jesus told them the people were going to kill him, and she was overwhelmed because they were going to kill the one who had given her her life back after she had thrown it away.

The woman who anointed Jesus’ with perfume just before he died is found in Matthew 26:6-13, John 12: 1-11. Mark 14:3-9, and Luke 7:36 -50. In each place, different details are revealed about this woman according to what the author of the book wanted to say. She happened to be Mary, the sister of Martha and Lazarus, good friends of Jesus. Jesus said about her in the account in Luke that she had been forgiven a lot, so she loved a lot, and those who had only a little to be forgiven for didn’t understand what she was doing because their love was not as great for him. Mary is a famous character in the Bible, but she used to be a prostitute, but she was forgiven. She believed in Jesus, repented of her sins, was baptized, and she never forgot how much she had been forgiven. There is hope for the completely immoral degraded people in our American society. God has left them because he couldn’t handle what the were doing. God is complete righteousness to the point that he can’t even look at sin. If they continue on the road they are on, they will wind up in Hell when the die, but if they repent and change their ways, not like those pastors in the Baptist church who carry their perversion with them into the church, but if they change, God will forgive them. It doesn’t matter how far down into sin they have gone. The fad of gay bashing that was taking place for a while was also a sin. Christians should never be involved in any sexual immorality nor should they be involved in anything having to do with hate.

The dove is a symbol of peace, and the Holy Spirit appeared in Matthew at the end of the chapter as a dove because Christianity is a religion of peace.

In Galatians 5:16-26, the Apostle Paul was very clear when he wrote: “So I say, live by the spirit, and you will not gratify the desires of the sinful nature. For the sinful nature desires what is contrary to the Spirit, and the Spirit what is contrary to the sinful nature. They are in conflict with each other, so that you do not do what you want. But if you are led by the Spirit, you are not under law. The acts of the sinful nature are obvious: sexual immorality, impurity and debauchery; idolatry and witchcraft, hatred, discord, jealousy, fits of rage, selfish ambition, dissensions, factions and envy; drunkenness, orgies, and the like. I warn you as I did before, that those who live like this will not inherit the kingdom of God. But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness, and self control, Against such things, there is no law. Those who belong to Christ Jesus have crucified the sinful nature with its passions and desires. Since we live by the spirit, let us keep in step with the Spirit. Let us not become conceited, provoking and envying one another.”

It is our job as Christians to help others, not to treat them badly.

The apostle Paul goes on in Galatians chapter 6:1-5, “Brothers, if someone is caught in a sin, you who are spiritual should restore him gently. But watch yourself or you may also be tempted. Carry each other’s burdens, and in this way, you will fulfill the law of Christ. If anyone thinks he is something when he is nothing, he deceives himself. Each one should test his own actions. Then he can take pride in himself, without comparing himself to somebody else for each one should carry his own load.”

As Christians, let’s walk in the footprints of Jesus.

The apostle Paul has something else good to say in Galatians 6:7-10: “Do not be deceived. God cannot be mocked. A man reaps what he sows. The one who sows to please his sinful nature, from that nature will reap destruction; the one who sows to please the Spirit, from the Spirit will reap eternal life. Let us not become weary in doing good for at the proper time, we will reap a harvest if we do not give up. Therefore, as we have opportunity, let us do good to all people, especially to those who belong to the family of believers.”


Easy Japanese, Lesson 6, あなたは どなた ですか?(Who are you?)

We have talked about the state of being verbs, now let’s use them a little.

あなたは どなた ですか? (anata wa donata desuka?) = Who are you?

私は スミスさん です。(watashi wa sumisusan desu.) = I am Mr. Smith.

私は せんせい です。(watashi wa sensei desu.) = I am a teacher.

あなたがたは どなた ですか?(anatagata wa donatadesuka.) = Who are you guys?

あなたがたは 学生 です。(anatagata wa gakusei desu.) = You guys are students.

わたしたちが きようしつ へ います。(watashtachi wa kyoushitsu e imasu.) = We are in the classroom.

あなたがたは きいて います。(anatagata wa kiite imasu.) = You guys are listening.

わたしは おしえて います。(watashi wa oshiete imasu.) = I am teaching.

私たちは 学校へ います。(watashitachi wa gakkou e ismasu.) = We are at school.


Vocabulary and Grammar: 語彙と文法 (goi to bunpo):

あなた (anata) = you////あなたがた (anatagata) = you guys, y’all/// わたち (watashi) = as the subject, it is “I,” as the object, it is “you.”/// わたしたち (watashitachi) = as the subject, it is “we”, as the object, it is “us.”// どなた (donata) = who/// スミス (sumisu) = Smith (written in katakana because it is a foreign name.)///せんせい (sensei) = teacher/// 学生(がくせい)(gakusei) = student, students (there is no difference between singular and plural.)////です(desu) = is, am, are///ですか (desuka) = “is, am, are” at the end of a question/////は (ha) or (wa) = “ha” is just a letter of the alphabet. “wa” is a post position particle telling you that the noun or pronoun it comes after is the subject.///が (ga) = either just a letter or used as a post position particle. It can be used in place of は after the subject or after を (wo) which is after the direct object. This post position particle is used for emphasis./// きよしつ (kyoshitsu) = classroom/// へ (he) or (e) = As “he,” it is just a letter. As “e,” it is a post position particle that is a preposition. As a prepostion, it means “to, at, or in.” It is interchangeable with に (nee) as a post postion particle which means the same thing./// きいて います (kiite imasu) = is, am, are listening. The basic dictionary form or infinitive form for this is きく (kiku) which means “to listen.” The form used for simple present tense is: ききます (kikimasu) which means “listen, listens, or will listen.” Simple past tense is: ききました (kikimashita) or きいた (kiita). The kanji for this verb is: 聞. ////おしえて います (oshiete imasu) = am, are, is listening. The dictionary form or infinitive form is おしえる (oshieru) meaning “to teach.” The simple present tense of this verb is: おしえます (oshiemasu) which means “teach, teaches, and will teach.) The simple past tense is: おしえました (oshiemashita) or おしえた (oshieta). The kanji used for this is: 教える (oshieru).///学校 (がっこお)= school. If you look at this kanji, it is similar to the one for student: 学生 (がくせい). The first kanji on each of them is a child: 子 with a roof over it: 学 which means “protection for the child.” The second kanji in “student” is 生 (sei) which means “life.” School is the child’s life. If you remember things like this, the kanji get easier to recognize.


あなたがたは どなた ですか? (anatagata wa donata desuka?) = Who are you guys?

わたしたちはかぞくです。(watashtachi wa kazoku desu.) = We are a family.

私は父です。(watashi wa chichi desu) = I am the father.

私は母です。(watashi wa haha desu.) I am the mother.

わたしたちは こどもたち です。(watashitachi wa kodomotachi desu.) = We are the children.

私はお姉さんです(watashi wa one-esan desu) = I am the older sister.

私は弟です。(watashi wa otouto desu.) = I am the younger brother.

私たちは うれしい です。(watashitachi wa ureshii desu.) = We are happy.

私たちは テレビを 見て います(watashitachi wa terebi wo mite imasu.) = We are watching T. V.

わたしたちは いえに います。(watashitachi wa ie ni imasu.) = We are at home.


Vocabulary and Grammar: (語彙と文法 (ごいとぶんぽ) (goi to bunpo):

かぞく(kazoku) = famly///父(ちち) (chichi) = father. The alternative word for “father,” when you are talking about someone else’s father is: おとおさん(otoosan).///母(はは) (haha) = mother. The alternative word for “mother,” when you are talking about someone else’s mother is: おかあさん (okaasan).///こどもたち (kodomotachi) = children// お姉さん(おねえさん) (one-esan) = older sister//兄さん(にいさん) (niisan) = older brother (That kanji is quite funny because it is literally a person with a big mouth on top.)//弟(おとうと)(oto-oto) = younger brother//妹(いもうと) (imouto) = younger sister.////うれいしい (ureshii) = happy, glad, joyful///テレビ (terebi) = television. This is written in katakana because it is considered a foreign word.////家(いえ) (ie) = home. Take note of this kanji because the kanji for “family” is similar: 家族(かぞく) (kazoku). Another word that is often used for 家 (home) is うち(uchi). /// 見ていますみています (mite imasu) = is, am, are watching. seeing, or looking. Look at the kanji for this one. It is a big “eye” on top of a person. 見る(みる)(miru) means “to watch,” “to see,” “to look.” 見える (みえる)(mieru) means to be able to watch, see, or look. 見ます(みます) (mimasu) = sees, see, looks, look, watch, watches, will see, will watch, will look. 見えます(みえます)( miemasu) = can see, can look, can watch, will be able to see, will be able to look, will be able to watch///見ました (mimashita) or 見た(みた)(mita) both mean “watched, saw, or looked.” 見えました (miemashita) means “could see.”

There is another longer way to say you can do something that you can use on other verbs also. You just use the infinitive form and add: ことが できます(kotoka dekimasu). 見る ことが できます(miru koto ga dekimasu) = can see, can look, can watch/// おしえる ことが できます ( oshieru kotoga dekimasu) = can teach/// くる ことが できます (kuru kotoga dekimasu) = can come// きく ことが できます (kiku kotoga dekimasu) = can listen, can hear.


As I have said before, the best way to learn this is to copy the sentences again and again saying them out loud while you copy them. The hiragana will stick better in your mind and so will the sentence patterns, grammar, and vocabulary. This is exactly how my Japanese teach taught me to speak Japanese. She just said: “go home and write.” She didn’t tell us how much. I went home and I wrote. In Japanese 2, I began speaking Japanese to everyone and saying whatever I wanted because I would write five pages every time I sat down to write. At first copy, and then after you feel like you can make your own sentences, write your own sentences. Just write, write, write, and say it out loud and make sure you understand as you are writing it. Another student in Japanese 2 only write one or two sentences as his homework, and he never learned to speak Japanese. How much you copy makes a difference.


Another Answer to An Important Question: “What Do You Believe the Bible Says About the Sanctify of Life in Regard to the Issue of Abortion?”

This is another question that was on the list of questions that was handed to me, and here is the answer:

Photo by Wendy van Zyl on

God gave us the Ten Commandments to help us understand what sin is. In Exodus 20:13, it says, “You shall not commit murder.” Pure and simple, killing another human being is murder. From the first time I heard this concept when I was in high school until now, I have never changed my mind. That baby inside of the woman is a baby. It is alive. It moves separately of the woman. I know it moves separately from the mother because I have carried four children to term. To kill it on purpose is murder. I am shocked that people even consider it.

That big tummy is not the woman. It is the baby she is carrying. The baby is separate from the mother and being care for by the mother. People put their hands on her stomach to feel the baby’s kicks. That baby is another life inside of her.

I understand that everyone says, but what if there are extenuating circumstances? What if the mother needs to go to school or make a living? What if the mother was raped? –You can say whatever you want, but to kill another human being is murder, and the mother who allows it is extremely selfish. You say, but the woman should have the right to do to her body what she wants, but that baby is not her body. It is a separate human being that she has been entrusted with to care for. They try to pretend it isn’t a baby and call it a fetus, but a rose by any other name smells as sweet, a spade is a spade. A baby is a baby no matter what you call it. If the mother doesn’t want the baby, she should carry it to term and let someone who wants the baby have it to care for it and nurture it.

Some women who had abortions become alcoholics trying to forget what they did. I have dealt with drunk women crying their eyes out because they had an abortion and calling it murder. They know what they did.

I have worked with women who have had abortions, and they are so guilt ridden that some of them had turned into alcoholics, drinking just trying to forget what a terrible thing they had done. Just because people try to make it seem right, it doesn’t feel right to mothers. Mothers know that the baby is a separate human being inside of them. When they have an abortion, they know they are killing a separate human being. These women become so guilt ridden that it can destroy their whole lives and what they did never leaves them. They can’t forgive themselves. People around them will never forget what they did, and they don’t ever really forgive them either. I knew women who were thrown out of churches because they had an abortion, but later realized that God is a forgiving God and they wanted him in their lives, but when they tried, their husbands would remind them that they had an abortion. The husbands acted like since the woman had an abortion, she would never have a chance of going to Heaven. However, God forgives sin. If that woman is truly repentant and truly will never do anything like that again, she can be forgiven. God has mercy even if mankind doesn’t.

Jesus died on the cross for a reason. We truly needed him to.

Abortion, pure and simple, is murder, a sin. Like any other sin, it can be forgiven, but it is a sin, a terrible sin.