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Kanji (漢字), Hanmoon (한문), and Hanzi (Chinese Characters Used in China) 行 (go)

We are examining parts of characters so that when they are built, we can understand better. The part of the character we will be examining today is the three lines on the left side of: 行 which means “go.” The three lines added to anything mean “go” or “road.”

In Japanese, 行 needs a little more to it: 行く (iku) means “to go.” 行きます (ikimasu) (いきます—ikimasu) means go, goes, or will go. In Korean, 가다(gada or kada) is the verb that means “go or goes,” and 가다 is in the dictionary form and the form you read on the page. 가요 (gayo or kayo) means “go or goes,” and is in the polite speaking form. The Chinese don’t use the same form of this character. They use: 去 for “go,” and it is said: qu.

The Japanese kanji for “road” is: 道 and is pronounced: みち (michi). If you look to the left of this character, it has three lines like 行, but the bottom part is longer. In Korean, the way to say 道 (road) is: 길 (geel). In Chinese, 道 is pronounced: dao. The also use another hanzi for “road” which is: 路 which is pronounced: iu.

彼女は道に行 きます (kanojo wa michi ni ikimasu.) = She goes on the road. =그녀는 길 에 가요 (kuyeonun geel eh kayo) = 她上路了。(tā shàng lù le.)

Japanese: 行 = go; 道 = road or way. 行く is pronounced “iku,” and means “to go.” 行きます ( いきます ) is pronounced: ikimasu, and it means: go, goes, or will go. 道 is pronounced: みち (michi). 行路 is also used in Japanese, and it means “road,” and is pronounced: どろ (doro).

Korean: 行 = go; 去= go; 道 = road or way. 行路 = road. In Korean, 行 or 去 is pronounced: 가다 (gada or kada) or 가요 (gayo or kayo) or 간다 (ganda or kanda) which is also the basic form. 道 is pronounced: 길 (geel), and 行路 is pronounced: 도로 (doro).

Chinese: 去= go. 路 = road. 去 is pronounced: qu, and 路 is pronounced: iu.

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The next character based on those three lines in 行 (go) is: 後 which means “behind” or “after.” You can clearly see those three lines on the left hand side that mean “go.” In Japanese, 後 needs a hiragana with it: 後ろ. This kanji is pronounced: うしろ (ushiro) as “behind,” and ご (go) as “after.” In Korean, 後 is 뒤 (dwee) as “behind” and 후(hoo) as “after.” In Chinese, 後 is pronounced: hou as “behind” and also “hou” as “after.”

茶色の女の子は赤の女の子の後ろにあります. (chairo no onnanoko wa aka no onnanoko no ushiro ni ari masu .) = The girl in the brown is behind the girl in the red, or The girl in the brown in after the girl in the red. = 갈색의 소녀는 빨간 소녀 뒤에 있습니다. (galsek oo-ee sonyeonun bbalgan sonyeo dwee eh eettsubneedah) = 棕色的女孩在紅色的女孩後面。(zōng sè de nǚ hái zài hóng sè de nǚ hái hòu mian.)

Japanese: 後 = behind or after. In Japanese, this also needs a hiragana to go with it: 後ろ which in hirgana is: うしろ (ushiro) as behind, and ご (go) as after.

Korean: 後 = behind or after. In Korean, this is pronounced: 뒤 (dwee) as “behind” and 후(hoo) as “after.”

Chinese: 後 = behind or after. In Chinese, this is pronounced: hou.

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The next character based on those three lines in 行 is: 待 which means “wait.” In Japanese, since this is a verb, it needs more to it: 待つ means “to wait,” and is pronounced: ま つ (matsu). 待 ちます( まちます) (machimasu) and means: wait, waits, or will wait. “Wait a minute” in Japanese is: ちょーと まて ください (chyo-to mate kudasai).In Korean, 待 (wait) is pronounced: 기다리다 (keedareeda) in the basic form you find in the dictionary and on the page that means: wait or waits, and 기다려요 (keedaryeoyo) is the polite speaking form that means “wait or waits.” 기다리세요 (keedareeseyo) means ” please wait.” 잠깐만 기다리세요 (jjam gganman keedareeseyo) means “wait a minute.” In Chinese, 待 (wait) is not used. The Chinese use: 等 which is pronounced: deng. This means the Koreans also use: 等 rather than 待 . In Chinese, 等一会 (děng yí huì) means “wait a minute.”

ちょーと まて ください (chyo-to mate kudasai) = Wait a minute. = 기다리세요 (keedareeseyo) = 等一会 (děng yí huì).

Japanese: 待つ = wait. In Japanese, : 待つ is the infinitive form and the form you find in the dictionary, and it is pronounced: ま つ (matsu). 待 ちます( まちます) (machimasu) means “wait, waits, or will wait.”

Korean: 等 = wait. In Korean, this hanzi is pronounced: 기다리다 (keedareeda) which is the basic form in the dictionary and on the page and means “wait” or “waits.” The polie speaking form of this is: 기다려요 (keedaryeoyo).

Chinese: 等 = wait. In Chinese, this is pronounced: deng.

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