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Basic Spanish, Lesson 31, Asking and Answering if You Like to Do Things (Preguntar y Contestar Si A Ti Te Gusta Hacer Cosas)

I just realized that somehow, for some reason, I haven’t continued these Spanish lessons for a while. I am sorry. I know that many Americans like Spanish and whether they actually learn to speak it or not, they have studied it and like to play with it. I had house guests this weekend, and all three were people who had studied Spanish in school, and one was always throwing out Spanish phrases and playing with it. If you play with a language, it is a way of learning without pushing yourself very hard. So, let’s play with Spanish a little and see if you can answer some of these questions. The vocabulary, grammatical explanations, and answers are at the bottom.

Questiion: ¿ A ti te gusta comer la comida Mexicana? (Do you like to eat Mexican food?// Or, Is Mexican food pleasing to you?)

Answer: Si, a mi me gusta comer la comida Mexicana. (Yes, I like to eat Mexican food.//Or, Yes, Mexican food is pleasing to me.)

Using this question and answer as a model, make questions and answers:

A. Question: ¿ A ti te gusta _____________________Japoneza? (Do you like to eat Japanese food?)

Answer: Si, a mi me gusta ______________________Japoneza. (Yes, I like to eat Japanese food.)

B. Question: ¿ _____________________comer comida Americana? (Do you like to eat American food?)

Answer: Si, _________________________________comer comida Americana. (Yes, I like to eat American food.)

C. Question: ¿ A ti __________________comer ____________Italiana? (Do you like to eat Italian food?)

Answer: Si, a mi ___________________comer comida _____________. (Yes, I like to eat Italian food.)

D. Questiion: ¿ A ti te gusta ir a la tienda? (Do you like to go to the store?)

Answer: Si, a mi _________________ir a la tienda. (Yes, I like to go to the store.)

E. Question: ¿ _______________________________ir a la iglesia? (Do you like to go to church?)

Answer: Si, a mi ______________________________ir a ________________. (Yes, I like to go to church)

F. Question: ¿ ___________________________________________ a la playa? (Do you like to go to the beach?)

Answer: Si, ______________________________________________________. (Yes, I like to go to the beach.)

G. Question: ¿A ti te gusta jugar los juegos? (Do you like to play games?)

Answer: Si, ______________________jugar los juegos. (Yes, I like to play games.)

H. Question: ¿ A ti _____________mirar la television? (Do you like to watch television?)

Answer: Si, ________________________________________. (Yes, I like to watch television.)

I. Questiion: ¿ A ti ______________________________________________los deportes? (Do you like to watch sports?)

Answer: ___________________________________________________________________. (Yes, I like to watch sports.)

J. Question: ¿ ___________________________________________practicar los deportes? (Do you like to play sports?)

Answer: Si, _______________________________________________________. (Yes, I like to play sports.)

K. Question: ¿ A ti _________________dormir? (Do you like to sleep?)

Answer: Si, _________________________________________. (Yes, I like to sleep.)

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Grammar: In Spanish, they don’t say “I like” the way we say it. The way they express it is more like “it is pleasing to me.” a= to, ti= you (the object form) and te = yourself, mi = me (the object form) as well as “my” or “myself,” but in these sentences, it means “me.” You can leave the “a mi” and the “a ti” out of these sentences, and the mean the same thing. I included it because it makes more sence when you think of this grammatical pattern meaning “it is pleasing to me” and “It is pleasing to you” or “Is it pleasing to you?” The whole expression: “a mi me” means “to me myself,” and “a ti te” means “to you yourself.”

The verb “gustar” means “to like” or ” to be pleasing.” The way you conjugate it in simple present tense is different from other verbs because it is a special kind of verb called a reflexive verb that we don’t have in English. In English, you can think of “myself” and “yourself” as reflexive pronouns, but we don’t have special reflexive verbs where you have to put the pronoun before the verb like they have in Spanish. When you use just “gusta,” it means “it is pleasing, or he is pleasing, or she is pleasing.” If you use “gustan,” it means “they are pleasing, or you guys are pleasing.” In the same vein, “gustamos” would be “we are pleasing.” “A ti te gustan las lenguas” = Languages are pleasing to you yourself.” “A mi me gustan las lenguas” = Languages are pleasing to me myself. These are more literal translations, but in English we actually would say: You like languages and I like langauges.

Now that I explained how to like a thing. If you want to like to do something, in English, we use “to do” it which is the infinitive, and you also use the infinitive in Spanish. “Comer” means “to eat,” so you say “A mi me gusta comer” = I like to eat, or “To me myself, eating is pleasing.”.// or “A ti te gusta dormir” = You like to sleep, or “to you yourself, sleeping is pleasing.”

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Vocabulary: a = to// ti = object form of “you,” ///// te = yourself////mi = me (the object form) and “my,” ///me = myself//// gustar = to like, to be pleasing/// comer = to eat// la comida = the food/// Mexicana (Meheecana) = Mexican/// Americana (Amereecana) = American (the feminine form is used here because “comida” is feminine. Any noun or adjective that ends with “a,” it is considered feminine. If it ends in an “o,” it is masculine./// la = the (the feminine form)/// el = the (the masculine form.) //Japoneza (Haponesa) = Japanese///Italiana (eetalee-ana) = Italian///si (see) = yes////ir (eer) = to go// tienda (tee-enda) = store, shop///iglesia (eeglesee-a) = church/// playa = beach///jugar (hugar) = to play/// los = the (masculine and plural)// juegos (hoo-egos) = games (Use “s” on the end of the noun and on the end of “the” in Spanish to make a noun plural). ///mirar (meerar) = to look, to watch/// la television (la televeesee-on) = the television///deportes = sports///practicar los deportes (practeecar los deportes) = to play sports///dormir (dormeer) = to sleep.

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Answers:

A. Question: Question: ¿ A ti te gusta comer la comida Japoneza? (Do you like to eat Japanese food?)

Answer: Si, a mi me gusta comer la comida Japoneza. (Yes, I like to eat Japanese food.)

B. Question: ¿ A ti te gusta comer la comida Americana? (Do you like to eat American food?)

Answer: Si, a mi me gusta comer la comida Americana. (Yes, I like to eat American food.)

C. Question: ¿ A ti te gusta comer la comida Italiana? (Do you like to eat Italian food?

Answer: Si, a mi me gusta comer la comida Italiana. (Yes, I like to eat Italian food.)

D. Question: ¿ A ti te gusta ir a la tienda? (Do you like to go to the store?)

Answer: Si, a mi me gusta ir a la tienda. (Yes, I like to go to the store.)

E. Question: ¿ A ti te gusta ir a la iglesia? (Do you like to go to church?)

Answer: Si, a mi me gusta ir a la iglesia. (Yes, I like to go to church.)

F. Question: ¿ A ti te gusta ir a la playa? (Do you like to go to the beach?)

Answer: Si, a mi me gusta ir a la play. (Yes, I like to go to the beach.)

G. Question: ¿A ti te gusta jugar los juegos? (Do you like to play games?)

Answer: Si, a mi me gusta jugar los juegos. (Yes, I like to play games)

H. Question: ¿A ti te gusta mirar la television? (Do you like to watch tevelision?)

Answer: Si, a mi me gusta mirar la television. (Yes, I like to watch television.)

I. Question: ¿A ti te gusta mirar los deportes? (Do you like to watch sports?)

Answer: Si, a mi me gusta mirar los deportes. (Yes, I like to watch sports.)

J. Question: ¿A ti te gusta practicar los deportes? (Do you like to play sports?)

Answer: Si, a mi me gusta practicar los departes. (Yes, I like to play sports.)

K. Question: ¿A ti te gusta dormir? (Do you like to sleep?)

Answer: Si, a mi me gusta dormir. (Yes, I like to sleep.)

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