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Easy Japanese, Lesson 26, Asking and Answering Questions of Location

You are going to ask questions using the verbs: あります (arimasu) and います(imasu). If you remember, あります (arimasu) means “there is, there are, or has or have.” Use あります (arimasu) only with things that are not living. If you want to talk about things that are living with the same definition, use: います(imasu).

Vocabulary:

銀行 (ぎんこう) (ginkou) = bank (I learned the last time I lived in Japan that if you ask directions from a taxi cab driver, they know where all the banks are and tell you where to turn according to the banks. Sometimes, they use McDonald’s as their markers too.)

郵便局 (ゆびんきょく) (yubinkyoku) = post office

大使館 (たいしかん) (taishikan) = embassy

1かい (ee kai) = the first floor

2 かい (ni kai) = the second floor

3 かい (san kai) = the third floor

に (ni) = a post position particle used after a location (Later you will learn other uses.) It can mean “in, on, at, etc.) It is a preposition.

が (ga) = a post position particle used sometimes after the subject and sometimes after the direct object. It is used to put emphasis on the thing it follows.

なに (nani) = what

だれ (dare) = who

うしろ (ushiro) = the back

駐車場 ( ちゅしゃば) (chyushya ba) = parking lot

男 の 人 (おとこの ひと) (okoko no hito) = man

スミス さん (sumisu san) = Mr. Smith (The “Smith” part is written in katakana, not hiragana, because this is a foreign name.)

真理 子 (まり こ) (Mariko) = Mariko is a Japanese girl’s name.

Directions: Use these two questions and answers as your patterns: (Don’t worry about writing the kanji. Just write the hiragana. The kanji is there to help you recognize it when you see it on the signs in Japan.)

Question: 1かい に なに が あります か? (The ” か ” at the end signals that this is a question._

Answer: 1かい に 銀行 (ぎんこう) が あります.

Question: うしろ に だれ が います か?

Answer: うしろ に 真理 子 (まり こ) が います.

  1. Use this verb: あります

Question:______________________________________ ( 2 かい )

Answer: __________________________________________( 郵便局 (ゆびんきょく) )

2. Use this verb: あります

Question: ______________________________________( 3 かい )

Answer: ________________________________________ ( 大使館 (たいしかん) )

3. Use this verb: います

Question: _____________________________________( 駐車場 (ちゅしゃば) (chyushya ba )

Answer: _______________________________________( 男 の 人 (おとこの ひと) )

4. Use this verb: います

Question: ___________________________________ ( 3 かい )

Answer: ______________________________________( スミス さん )

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(Japanese kids learn caligraphy at school. When you go to visit them, they will probably have something like this hanging on their bedroom wall that they did at school.)

Answers:

1.

Question: 2かい に なに が あります か?

Answer: 2かい に ゆびんきょく が あります.

2.

Question: 3 かい に なに が あります か?

Answer: 3 かい に たいしかん が あります.

3.

Question: ちゅしゃば に だれ が います か?

Answer: ちゅしゃば に おとこの ひと が います.

4.

Question: 3 かい に だれ が います か?

Answer: 3 かい に スミス さん が います.

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