It seems that there are lots of verbs that don’t really follow the rules in Spanish, so that means that there will be many blogs like this one. I would do more than one verb, but there are many tenses, and even with the ones I think to include here, there are even more ways to use these verbs. The verb for today is “decir” which means “to say” or “to tell.” If you ever translate for someone, you really need this verb. I learned many of the conjugations for this verb by reading the Bible in Spanish because “decir” is used an enormous amount in the Bible.
Dijo que no puedes. = I said that you can’t.
Decir = to say or to tell
Simple Present Tense (everyday)
First Person: digo = I say decimos = we say
Second Person: dices = you say
Third Person: dice = he, she, it says and dicen = they say, you guys say
you (respectful) say
(note: remember that “i” is said like a long “e,” and “c” is said like an “s” because it has “e” after it.)
?Que ‘el dijo? = What did he say?
Simple Past Tense
First Person: dijo = I said dijimos = we said
Second Person: dijiste = you said
Third Person: dijo = he, she, it, and dijeron = they said, you guys said
you (respectful) said
(note: remember, the “j” is pronounced like an English “h.”)
Voy a decirlo. = I am going to tell him.
an Easy Future Tense
First Person: voy a decir = I am going to say vamos a decir = we are going to say
Second Person: vas a decir = you are going to say
Third Person: va a decir = he, she, or it is going van a decir = they are going to
to say, and you (respectful) you guys are going to say
are going to say
?Que ‘el dira’ cuando lo dices? = What will he say when you tell him?
First Person: dire’ = I will say diremos = we will say
Second Person: diras = you will say
Third Person: dira’= he, she, it, and you diran = they will say, you guys
(respectful) will say will say
?Que estas diciendo? No puedo oir. = What are you saying? I can’t hear.
Present Tense Continuous (Progressive) (happening right this minute)
First Person: estoy diciendo = I am saying estamos diciendo = we are saying
Second Person: estas diciendo = you are saying
Third Person: esta diciendo = he, she, it is estan diciendo = they are saying,
saying, you (respectful) are you guys are saying
He dicho antes, y te voy a decir una otra vez. = I have said it before, and I will tell you again.
Present Perfect Tense (began in the past and continued on until now)
First Person: he dicho = I have said hemos dicho = we have said
Second Person: has dicho = you have said
Third Person: ha dicho = he, she, it, or han dicho = they have said,
you (respectful) has said or you guys have said
Este es que ‘el habia dicho, pero ‘el no tiene razon. = That is what he has said, but he isn’t right.
Past Perfect Tense (began in the past, went on for a while, then stopped in the past)
First Person: habia dicho = I had said habiamos dicho = we had said
Second Person: habias dicho = you had said
Third Person: habia dicho = he, she, it, and habian dicho = they had said,
you (respectful) had said you guys had said
Si, este es que yo estaba diciendo, pero no tuve razon. = Yes, that is what I was saying, but I wasn’t right.
Past Progressive Tense
First Person: estaba diciendo = I was saying estabamos diciendo = we were saying
Second Person: estabas diciendo = you were saying
Third Person: estaba diciendo = he, she, it was estaban diciendo = they were saying
saying, and you (respectful) were and you guys were saying
!Digame! = Tell me!!
Request or Command Form
diga= say! or please say! or tell! or please tell! /// digame = tell me, dinos = tell us, diselo = tell him, digase a ti mismo = tell yourself, diaglos = tell them
Diciendo eso es muy simpatica. = Saying that is very nice.//Decirme is muy simpatica. = Telling me is very nice. or To tell me is very nice.
Gerund or Infinitive Form
diciendo = saying, decir = to say, decirles = telling them, decirme = telling me, decirle = telling you, telling him, telling her, decirnos = telling us