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Easy Japanese, Lesson 18, Using Time Expressions (時間しきのしおう)



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In the last Japanese lesson, I gave you these time expressions:

きの = yesterday (kino)

きよう = today (kiyo-u)

あした = tomorrow (ashita)

おととい = the day before yesterday (ototoi)

あさって = the day after tomorrow (asatte)

せんしゆう = last week (senshiyu-u)

こんしゆう = this week (conshiyu-u)

らいしゆう = next week (raishiyu-u)

せんげつ = last month (sengetsu)

こんげつ = this month (congetsu)

らいげつ = next month (raigetsu)

きよねん = last year (kiyonen)

こんとし = this year (contoshi)

らいねん = next year (rainen)

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Here are a few new ones:

にねんまえ = two years ago

さんねんまえ = three years ago

にじゆねんまえ = twenty years ago

にねんご = two years in the future

ごねんご = five years in the future

にしうかんまえ = two weeks ago

ごにちまい = five days ago

(Just follow the patterns and substitute different times. まえ = before, ご = in the future.)

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Here are some examples of how to use these time expressions:

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1. 田中さんは あした ぎんこに いきます。(Tanaka san wa ashita gingo ni ikimasu.) = Mr. Tanaka is going to go to the bank tomorrow.

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2, まゆみは せんしゆう かんこくに いきました。 (Mayumi wa senshiyuu kankoku ni ikimashita.) = Mayumi went to Korea last week.

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3. みどりは きの ともだちと レストラン に いきました。(Midori wa kino tomodachi to resutoran ni ikimashita.) = Midori went to a restaurant with a friend yesterday.

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4. スミスさんは ごにちまえ にっぽんへ きました。(Sumisusan wa gonichimae nippon e kimashita.) = Mr. Smith came to Japan five days ago.

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5. スミスさんは らいねん アメリカ に かえります。(Sumisusan wa rainen amerika ni kaerimasu.) = Mr. Smith will return to America next year.

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The Verbs:

いきます (ikimasu) = go, goes, will go, is, am, are going to go

いきません (ikimasen) = doesn’t go, don’t go, won’t go, will not go, is not going to go, am not going to go, are not going to go

いきました (ikimashita) = went

いきませんでした (ikimashendeshita) = didn’t go

きます (kimasu) = come, comes, wll come

きません (kimasen) = doesn’t come, don’t come, will not come, won’t come

きました (kimashita) = came

きませんでした (kimasendeshita) = didn’t come

かえります (kaerimasu) = return, returns, goes home, go home, will return, will go home

かえりません (kaerimasen) = doesn’t return, don’t return, will not return, won’t return

かえりました (kaerimashita) = returned, went home

かえりませんでした (kaerimasendeshita) = didn’t return, didn’t go home

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Sentence pattern: subject + は(wa) + time expression + object of the preposition + preposition + verb.

Example: まりこは ごねん まえ アメリカ に いきました。(Mariko wa go nen mae amerika ni ikimashita) = Mariko went to America five years ago.

Example: ルツ子は いらじゆう いばらき から きます. (Rutsuko wa raijyu-u ibaraki kara kimasu.) = Ruth will come from Ibaraki next week.

Prepositions: へ (e) = to, at/// に (ni) = to, at///から (kara) = from

Now that you have all this information, try to use all the building blocks and examples and build some of your own sentences. You may not have all the names of places, but you can use the English word or look it up in a dictionary.

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