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Basic Spanish, Lesson 17, Veo Con Mis Ojos. (I See With My Eyes.)

It is time to begin learning verbs.  Last time, we talked about the body parts, so this time lets begin talking about each body part and things you can do with it. 


New Vocabulary: (Vocabulario Nuevo):

ojo (oho) = eye, ojos (ohos) = eyes///con = with///ver = = to see/// mirar= to look//hacer = to do///poder = to be able///leer = to read//estudiar = to study//cerrar = to close///abrir= to open (for verb conjugations, look below.)
¿Qué haces con tus ojos? = What do you do with your eyes?

Veo con mis ojos. = I see with my eyes.

Miro con mis ojos. = I look with my eyes.


¿Que puedes hacer con tus ojos? = What can you do with your eyes?

Puedo ver con mis ojos. = I can see with my eyes.

Puedo mirar con mis ojos. = I can look with my eyes.



 ¿Qué ella hace con sus ojos? = What does she do with her eyes?

Ella ve con sus ojos. = She sees with her eyes.

Ella mira con sus ojos. = she looks with her eyes.




 ¿Qué ella puede hacer con sus ojos? = What can she do with her eyes?

Ella puede ver con sus ojos. = She can see with her eyes.

Ella peude mirar con sus ojos. - She can look with her eyes. 




¿Qué ‘el hace con sus ojos? = What does he do with his eyes?

‘El lee on sus ojos. = He reads with his eyes.

¿Qué ‘el puede hacer con sus ojos? = What can he do with his eyes?

“El puede leer con sus ojos. = He can read with his eyes.

¿Qué ellos hacen con sus ojos? = What do they do with their eyes?

Ellos ven la televisión con sus ojos. = They watch TV with their eyes.

¿Qué ellos pueden hacer con sus ojos? = What can they do with their eyes?

Ellos pueden ver la television con sus ojos. = They can watch TV with their eyes.

¿Qué ‘el hace con sus ojos?= What does he doe with his eyes?

‘El estudia Biblia con sus ojos. = He studies the Bible with his eyes.

¿Qué ‘el puede hacer con sus ojos? = What can he do with his eyes?

‘El puede estudia Biblia con sus ojos? = What can he do with his eyes?

¿Qué ella hace con sus ojos? = What does she do with her eyes?

Ella cierra sus ojos. = She closes her eyes.

¿Qué ella puede hacer con sus ojos? = What can she do with her eyes?

Ella puede cerrar sus ojos. = She can close her eyes.

¿Qué ella hace con sus ojos? = What does she do with her eyes?

Ella abre sus ojos? = She opens her eyes.

¿Qué ella puede hacer con sus ojos? = What can she do with her eyes?

Ella puede abrir sus ojos. = She can open her eyes.

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hacer = to do

(simple present tense, everyday)

singular plural

First person: Yo hago = I do nosotros hacemos = We do

Second person: tu haces = you do (Don’t bother with this conjugation. You will never use it)

Third person: ‘el hace = he does ellos hacen = they do (masculine)

ella hace = she does ellas hacen = they do (feminine)

usted hace = you do (formal) ustededes hacen = you guys do (formal)

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Ver = to see or to watch

(simple present tense)

Singular Plural

First person: Yo veo = I see, I watch nosotros vemos = we see, we watch

Second person: tu ves = you see, you watch (Don’t bother.)

Third person: ‘el ve = he sees, he watches ellos ven = they see, they watch (masculine)

ella ve = she sees, she watches ellas ven = they see , they watch (feminine)

usted ve = you see, you watch (formal) ustedes ven = you guys see, you guys watch (formal)

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Mirar = to look

(simple present tense)

First person: Yo miro = I look nosotros miramos = we look

Second person: tu miras = you look (Don’t bother.)

Third person: ‘el mira = he looks ellos miran = they look (masculine)

ella mira = she looks ellas miran = they look (feminine)

usted mira = you look (formal) ustedes miran = you guys look (formal)

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poder = to be able

(simple present tense)

Singular Plural

First person: Yo puedo = I can nosotros podemos = We can

Second person: tu puedes = you can (Don’t bother.)

Third person: ‘el puede = he can ellos pueden = they can (masculine)

ella puede = she can ellas pueden = they can (feminine)

usted puede = you can (formal) ustedes pueden = you guys can (formal)

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leer = to read

(simple present tense)

Singular Plural

First person: Yo leo = I read nosotros leemos = we read

Second person: tu lees = you read (Don’t bother.)

Third person: ‘el lee = he reads ellos leen = they read (masculine)

ella lee = she reads ellas leen = they read (feminine)

usted lee = you read (formal) ustedes leen = you guys read (formal)

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estudiar = to study

(simple present tense)

Singular Plural

First person: Yo estudio = I study nosotros estudiamos = we study

Second person: tu estudias = you study (Don’t bother.)

Third person: ‘el estudia = he studies ellos estudian = they study (masculine)

ella estudia = she studies ellas estudian = they study (feminine)

usted estudia = you study (formal) ustedes estudian = you guys study (formal)

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cerrar = to close, to shut

(simple present tense)

Singular Plural

First person: Yo cierro = I close, I shut nosotros cerramos = we close, we shut

Second person: tu cierras = you close, you shut (Don’t bother.)

Third person: ‘el cierra = he closes, he shuts ellos cierran = they close, they shut (masculine)

ella cierra = she closes, she shuts ellas cierran = they close, they shut (feminine)

usted cierra = you close, you shut (formal) ustedes cierran = you guys close, you guys shut (formal)

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In Spanish, there are “-er,” “-ir,” and “-ar” verbs. These come on the end of the verb. If they are there, it is the infinitive form, the basic form you will find in the dictionary and the form that has “to” before it. To conjugate the verbs, you take the “-er,” “-ir,” or “-ar,” off of the verb and add the appropriate ending for that person. there are patterns. If you learn the patterns, you don’t have to memorize every conjugation of the verb.

Usually, the stem doesn’t change unless it is an irregular verb. The irregular verbs in this lesson are “poder” (to be able) and “cerrar” (to close or to shut). Usually, in any language, it is the verbs that are used the most that are irregular. In Spanish, the stems of the irregular verbs don’t change in first person plural, but in all the other persons, they do.

A hint to learn the endings: In simple present tense, all first person singular verbs end with “o” except some irregualr verbs that are “oy.” In second person singular, they all end with one of these vowels: e, i, or a. In third person singular, they all end in “s.” In third person plural, they all end in “n.”

I didn’t tell you second person plural because you won’t need it. No one uses it. They use third person plural formal if they are going to talk to a large group of people. Second person plural is for talking to a large group of people that you are close to, and no one is that close to a large group of people. That is why they always use the third person plural “ustedes” form if they are going to talk to a large group of people.

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If you want to learn the sentence pattern, the verb conjugations, and the vocabulary, just copy this on a piece of paper several times and say it outloud as you copy making sure you understand what you are copying. After a bit, it will come into your head, and you will have the word order, the conjugations, and the vocabulary memorized.

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