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Easy Japanese, Lesson 12, どこですか?(Where is it?)

Learning the prepositions in any language is very important, and a drill like this one teaches several of the prepositions.

どこ (doko) = where

です (desu) = is, are

ですか (desuka) = is, are (at the end of a question)

あります (arimasu) = is, are (if there is a post position particle), there is, there are

ありますか (arimasuka) = is, are (if there is a post position particle) are there, is there (at the end of a question)

います(imasu) = is, are, there is, there are (used if there are people)

これ は (kore wa) = This (the demonstrative pronoun with a post position particle telling you this is the subject)

ペン (pen) = pen (This is written in katakana because they use the English word.)

ノート ― (no-to-) = notebook (This is written in katakana because they use the English word. The lines come after the vowels to tell you you must hold that vowel longer when you say it.)

カップ (kappu) = cup (This is written in katakana because they use the English word.)

コーヒー (ko-hi-) – coffee (This is written in katakana because they use the English word. Yes, they don’t pronounce it the same as in English because they try to fit it into their alphabet.)

ほん (hon) = book

テーブル (te-buru) = table (This is written in katakana because they use the English word.)

へや (heya) = room

まど (mado) = window

いす (isu) = chair

き (ki) = tree

この ひと(kono hito) = this person (My Japanese person encouraged me to use this expression rather than “he” or “she.” “He” and “she” exist in Japanese, but this is considered better to use.)その ひと (sono hito) = that person, あの ひと (ano hito) = that person who is further away. (Use these instead of “he” or “she.”)

に (ni) = at, to, in

なか (naka) or なか に (naka ni) = inside

うえ (u-e) or うえに (u-e-ni) = on (both of these vowels are said separately. Don’t blend them.)

した (shita) or したに (shita ni) = under (“shita” is kind of blended and said: “shta.”)

となり (tonari) or となりに (tonari ni) = next to

うしろ (ushiro) or うしろ に (ushiro ni)= behind

まえ ( ma-e) or まえ に (ma-e ni) = in front of (Say the vowels separately. Don’t blend them.)

これは ペン です。 (kore wa pen desu.) = This is a pen.

これは ノート ― です。(kore wa no-to- desu.) = This is a notebook.

これは カップ です。(kore wa kappu desu.) = This is a notebook.

ペンは ノート― の となり に あります。(pen ha no-to- no tonari ni arimasu.) = There is a pen is next to the notebook.

カップの なか に は コーヒーが あります。(kappu no nakani wa ko-hi- ga arimasu.) = There is coffee in the cup.

これは ほん です。(kore wa hon desu.) = This is a book.

ペン は ほんの うえに あります。(pen wa hon no ue ni arimasu.) = There is a pen is on the book.

ほんは ペン の した です。(hon wa pen no shita desu.) = The pen is under the book.

これはなんですか? (kore wa nan desuka?) = What is this?

コーヒー です. (ko-hi- desu.) = It is coffee.

コーヒー は どこ ですか? (ko-hi- wa doko desuka) = Where is the coffee?

コーヒー カップの なか に あります. (ko-hi- wa kappu no naka ni arimasu.) = The coffee is in the cup.

カップ はどこですか? (kappu wa doko desuka) = Where is the cup?

カップ はテーブルのうえにあります. (kappu wa te-buru no ueni arimasu.) = The cup is on the table.

テーブル はどこですか?(te-buru wa doko desuka) = Where is the table?

テーブル は コーヒー の した です。(te-buru wa ko-hi- no shita desu.) = The table is under the coffee.

テーブル はどこですか?(te-buru wa doko desuka) = Where is the table?

テーブル は まど の となり です. (te-buru wa mado no tonari desu.) = The table is next to the window.

テーブル は へや の なか に あります. (te-buru wa heya no naka ni arimasu.) = The table is in the room.

この ひと は どこ ですか? (kono hito wa doko desuka) = Where is this person?

この ひと はまどのとなりです。(kono hito wa mado no tonari desu.) = This person is by the window.

この ひと は テーブル に います。(kono hito wa te-buru ni imasu.) = This person is at the table.

この ひと は へや の なか に います. (kono hito wa heya no nakani imasu.) = This person is in the room.

この ひと は いす の うえ に います。(kono hito wa isu no ue ni imaus.) = This person is on the chair.

き は この ひと の うしろ です。(ki wa kono hito no ushiro desu) = The tree is behind this person.

この ひと は き の まえ に あります. (kono hito wa ki no mae ni arimasu.) = This person is in front of the tree.

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Write the questions and sentences saying them out loud as you write them. Write them again and again until they get in your head. If you have a friend who will, let them ask you the sentences and try to answer them. Take turns asking and answering the questions. If you can make up your own questions and answers, make up your own questions and answers.

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