Basic Spanish, Lesson 7, Where are you from? and Question words (?De donde es? Y Palabras de Preguntas)

¿De donde es usted?= (Where are you from?)  (*Use "es" because you want to use "usted," the formal, "You" because you don't know the person well.)

Soy de Mexico. = (I am from Mexico.) Soy Mexicano. =(I am Mexican.) (masculine) Soy Mexicana.= (I am Mexican.) (feminine)
¿De donde es usted? = (Where are you from?)
Soy de España.= (I am from Spain.) (masculne)/// Yo soy española. (I am Spanish.) (feminine)
¿Eres tu' mexicana? =(Are you from Mexico?) (feminine) (Use "tu'" and "eres" because you have known the person a while and are closer to them.)
No, no soy mexicana. = (No, I am not Mexican.) (feminine) (To negate a verb, just put "no" in front of it.)
Soy Guatemalteca.= (I am Guatemalan) (feminine)
Soy Guatemalteco. = (I am Guatemalan) (masculine)
¿De donde es usted? = (Where are you from?)
Soy de Los Estados Unidos. = (I am from the United States.) (The adjective comes after the noun.  "Los Estados Unidos" is all masculine, so they all end in "o," and the "s" means the same as "s" at the end of "United States." Everything must match in number and gender.)
Soy de Tejas.= (I am from Texas.
Soy de Oklahoma. = (I am from Oklahoma.)
Soy americano. = (I am American.) (masculine.)
Soy americana. = (I am American.) (feminine.)

¿Es usted japones? = (Are you Japanese?)
No, no soy japonesa. = (No, I am not Japanese) (feminine)
No, no soy japones. = (No, I am not Japanese.) (masculine)
Soy de Corea. = (I am from Korea.)
Soy coreana. = (I am Korean.) (feminine)
Soy coreano. = (I am Korean.) (masculine)

Question Words (Palabras de Preguntas)

Donde = Where
Quien = Who
Quienes = Who (plural)
Que' = What
Cuando = When
Por que' = Why
Cuanto = How many
De quien = Whose
Cual = Which
Cuales = Which (plural)
Como = How 
¿Donde' esta' el libro? = (Where is the book?)
El libro esta' encima de la mesa. = (The book is on the table.)
¿Donde' estan los libros? = (Where are the books?)
Los libros estan encima de la mesa. = The books are on the table.
¿De quienes son los libros? = (Whose are these books?)
Los libros son de ella. = (The books are hers.)
¿Cuales son los libros de ella? (Which ones are her books?)
'Estos son sus libros. (Those are her books.) (su= his or her, and since "libros" (books) is plural, you have to ass the "s" to "su" also and make it "sus.")
¿Que' es ella? = (What is she?)  (Identify with the verb "ser.")
Ella es una muchacha. = (She is a girl.) 
¿Cual es su nombre? = (What is her name?)(Literally, "which is her name?")
Su nombre es Maria. = (Her name is Maria.)
Como se llaman? = (What is her name?) (Literally, "How do they call her?) ("se" is a reflexive direct object pronoun, and so is used before the verb. "llaman" comes from "llamar" which means "call." This is a more normal way to ask someone's name in Spanish.)
¿Cuantos años tiene ella? = (How old is she?)  (In Spanish they "have" years, so this is literally "how man year has she?" "Tiene" comes from "tener.")
Ella tiene cinco años. = (She is five years old.) (Literally: She has five years.)
¿Cuantos libros tiene ella? = (How many books does she have?)
Ella tiene tres libros. = (She has three books.)
¿Por que tiene ella los libros? = (Why does she have the books?)
A ella le gustan los libros. = (She likes the books.)  (In Spanish, this is literally "To her, the books are pleasing."  The "a" is before "ella" because direct objects that are people need an "a" before them.  "Gustan" comes from "gustar" which means "to be pleasing."  "los libros" is the subject, so "gustar" becomes "gustan." "Le" is a reflexive pronoun that refers to the books and means "they.")
¿De donde es Maria? = (Where is Maria from?)
Maria es de Los Estados Unidos. = (Maria is from the United States.)

Some Conjugated Verbs in Present tense:

Ser (to be): soy= I am.  eres = you are.  es = he, she, it is, and you (respectful) are, somos = we are.  son= they are.

Estar (to be): estoy = I am. estas = you are, esta' = he, she, it is, and you (respectful) are. estamos = we are. estan = they are.

Tener (to have):  tengo = I have.  tienes = you have.  tiene = he, she, it has, or you have. tenemos = we have.  tienen= they have.

Gustar (to be pleasing, to like):  me gusta lo = It is please to me, or I like it. te gusta lo = it is pleasing to you, or you like it.  se gusta lo = it is pleasing to her or it is please to him or it is pleasing to them (the "lo" is a masculine "it."  The feminine "it" is "la.").  --or, She likes it, he likes it, or, they like it.  me gustan ellos = they are pleasing to me or I like them (masculine). me gustan ellas = they are pleasing to me or I like them (feminine). te gustan ellos = they are pleasing to her or She likes them.  Se gustan ellos = They are pleasing to him, her, or they, --or She, she, or they like them. A ella le gustan = They are pleasing to her or She likes them.

llamar (to call): me llamo = I call myself.  te llamo = I call you.  se llamo = I call her, him, or they.  me llama = he or she calls me.  se llama = she calls her, him, or them.  me llaman = they call me.  te llaman = they call you.  se llaman = they call her, him, or them.  
      Mi madre me llama Ronda. = I my mother calls me Ronda.
      Me llaman Ronda. = They call me Ronda.
      Me llamo Ronda. = I call myself Ronda. 
      Se llama Maria. = She calls herself Maria.
      Se llaman Maria. = They call her Maria.
      Nos llaman Cristianos. = They call us Christians.  (nos = us)
      Te llamo amigo. = I call you friend. (te= you) (amigo= friend (masculine) Los llamo aimgos. = I call you guys friends. ("Los" can be plural "you" or "them") 

Don't worry if the verb conjugations seem hard. We will work more with question words and verb conjugations.  A lot of Spanish is working with verb conjugations because it is the most complicated part of Spanish, but if the verb is not reflexive, they are actually much easier, and Spanish verbs have patterns that make sense.

2 thoughts on “Basic Spanish, Lesson 7, Where are you from? and Question words (?De donde es? Y Palabras de Preguntas)”

    1. Sorry, it should be “De donde es?” I remember seeing it like that with “estas” in a book I was teaching high school Spanish from, and it was a mistake, and I must have inadvertently pulled that out of my brain.

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