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A Little Bit of Kanji and Hanmoon, Part 6

Okay, it is time to have a little fun. Let’s review the kanji or hanmoon that we have already done because it doesn’t make any sense to just keep adding and forget the ones that we have already done. See if you can understand the kanji before you read the explanation below it.

山・川

山 = mountain, The Japanese pronunciation is やま( yama). The Korean pronunciation is 산 (sahn)

川= river. The Japanese pronunciation is かわ (kawa). The Korean pronunciation is 강 (kahng)

日=sun, day of the week, or Sunday. The Japanese pronunciation is ひ (hi) as “sun,” にち (nichi) as “day,” and  にちようび (nichiyobi) is Sunday. Sunday is said 일여일 (eelyoeel) in Korean, The word for “day” is 여일 (yoeel) or 날 (nahl), and the word for “sun” is 태양 (teh-yahng)

月= moon, month, or Monday. The Japanese word for “moon” is つき (tsuki), the Japanese word for month is つき(tsuki), and the Japanese word for “Monday” is つき(tsuki), and the Japanese word for “Monday” is げつようび (getsuyobi). The Korean word for “moon” is 달 (dahl). The Korean word for “month” is 달 (dahl), and the Korean word for “Monday” is 월요일 (walyo-eel).

水。。木。。石

水 = water or Wednesday. The Japanese pronunciation for “water” is みず (mizu). The Japanese word for Wednesday is すいようび(suiyobi). The Korean pronunciation for “water” is 물 (mool), and the Korean word for “Wednesday” is 수요일 (sooyo-eel).

木 = tree, wood, or Thursday. The Japanese pronunciation for “tree” is き (ki). The Japanese word for “wood” is 木材 (mokuzai). The Japanese word for “Thursday” is もくようび (mokuyobi). The Korean word for “tree” is 나무 (nahmoo). The Korean word for “wood” is 목재 (mokjay), and the Korean word for “Thursday” is 목요일 (mokyo-eel).

石 = rock. The Japanese word for “rock” is いし (ishi), and the Korean word for “rock is 바위 (bah-wee).

土 = earth, soil, Saturday. The Japanese word for “earth” is ちきゆう (chikiyu-u). The Japanese word for “soil” is つち (tsuchi), and the Japanese word for “Saturday” is どようび (doyobi). The Korean word for “earth” is 지구 (cheegoo). The Korean word for “soil” is 흙 (hulk), and the Korean word for “Saturday” is 토요일 (toyo-eel).

金 = money, gold, Friday. The Japanese word for “money” is かね(kane).  The Japanese word for “gold” is “kin,” The Japanese word for Friday is “kinようび” (kinyobi), and the computer refuses to spell “kin” in Japanese. The Korean word for “money” is 돈 (don), the Korean word for “gold” is 금 (gum,) and the Korean word for “Friday” is 금요이 (gumyo-eel).

火 = fire or Tuesday. The Japanese word for “fire” is ひ (hi). The Japanese word for “Tuesday” is かようび (kayobi). The Korean word for “fire” is 불 (bool), and the Korean word for “Tuesday” is 화요이 (whahyo-eel).

雨=rain, In Japanese, it is あめ(ame). In Korean, it is 비 (bee or pee).

田 = rice field. In Japanese, this is た (ta). In Korean, this is 논 (non).

 目。。耳。。口。。。。。。自

目=eye. The Japanese pronunciation is め (me). The Korean pronunciation is 눈 (noon).

耳= ear. The Japanese pronunciation is みみ (mimi). The Korean pronunciation is 귀 (gwee).

口 = mouth, window, entrance. In Japanese, “mouth” is くち (kuchi) orぐち (guchi). The Japanese pronunciation for “enter” is はいります (hairimasu), and the word for entrance is 入り口, in hiragana, in is ( はいりぐち) (hairiguchi). The Japanese word for “exit” is 出口, in hiragana, it is(でぐち)(deguchi). The Japanese word for window is 窓口, and in hiragana, it is(まど) (mado). The Korean word for “mouth” is 입 (eeb). The Korean word for window is 장문 (jahngmoon). The Korean word for “door” is 문 (moon). The Korean word for entrance is 入り口, and in hangul, it is 입구 (eebkoo). The Korean word for “exit” is 出口, and the hangul is 출구 (choolgoo). Take note of these so you won’t be lost in the parking garages or subways in Korea or the trains and subways in Japan. These are all over the signs.

自=self. In Japanese, the word for “myself” is 自分, and in hiragana, it is じぶn (jibun). The Japanese word for ‘Yourself” is あなた自身, the hiragana is あなたじしn (anatahjishin). The Korean word for “myself” is 自分, and in hangul is 자신 (jahsheen). The Korean word for “yourself” is 당신자신 (tahngsheen jahsheen).

足。。。。手

手= hand.  In Japanese, it is pronounced て (te). In Korean, it is pronounced 손 (son).

足= foot or leg.  In Japanese, this is pronounced あし (ashi), and it means both “leg” and “foot” in Japanese. In Korean, this is pronounced 발 (bahl) for “foot” and 다리 (dahree) for “leg.”

力= power, force. In Japanese, this is pronounced ちから (chikara). In Korean, this is pronounced 힘 (heem).


心= heart. In Japanese, this is pronounced こころ (kokoro). In Korean, this is pronounced 심장 (sheemjahng) or 마움 (mah-um).

韓国人…(한국인)…(かんこくじn)…. (Korean person)

人= person. In Japanese, this is ひと (hito) or じn (jin). In Korean, it is 사람 (sahram) or 인 (een).

女。。。。子

女 = woman. In Japanese, it is pronounced おんな (onna). In Korean, it is pronounced 여자 (yojah).

子=child. In Japanese, 子供 is pronounced こども (kodomo), and it means “child.” 子 all alone is pronounced (ko), and it is on the end of many girl’s names. In Korean, “child” is pronounced 아이 (ah-ee).

古池

古池= old pond. In Japanese, it is pronounced ふるいき(furu-ike). In Japanese, it is pronounced 오래된 연못 (oh-reh- doh-ween yonmot).

蛙 = frog. In Japanese, it is pronounced かわず(kawazu). In Korean, it is pronounced 게구리 (ghegooree).

nhほほnほね骨

骨 = bone. In Japanese, it is ほね(hone). In Korean, it is 뼈 (bbyeo) or 골자 (koljah).

犬 Photo by Cristyan Bohn on Pexels.com

犬= dog. In Japanese, it is いぬ (inu). In Korean, it is 개 (ghe).

牛 = cow. In Japanese, it is うし (ushi). In Korean, it is 소 (soh).

羊= sheep. In Japanese, this is ひつじ (hitsuji). In Korean, it is 양 (yahng).

馬 = horse. In Japanese, this is うま(uma). In Korean, this is 말 (mahl).

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These are all the kanji or hanmoon we have done so far. How many did you remember from before? If you are studying Japanese, you really have to learn these. If you are studying Korean, they are helpful. They may even get you out of the subway or parking garage or know what a restaurant is serving. Next time, I will explain some new ones. They also help when you try to read a calendar. Reading the signs really helps too.

 

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