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Korean Lesson 64, Negative Verbs

I have presented several verb tenses here, but I haven’t told you how to make these verbs negative. We can’t say “yes” all the time. Sometimes we also have to say “no,” There is more than one way to say “no” in Korean. In English, we have ,”no,” not,” “do not,” “is not,” and the contractions, “don’t.” “didn’t,” “won’t,” “isn’t,” etc. To begin with, the basic “no” in Korean is 아니 (ahnee). However, just knowing that is the beginning. Here are some negative forms in Korean. For many verbs, all you have to do is put 지 ( jee). and then 않아요 (ahnahyo). For other verbs, you have to put 업어요 (eobseoyo). There are times you have to put 안 (ahn) before the verb. I will conjugate several verbs and show you. Basically, you need to learn the patterns. These are just some basic tenses. There are other tenses, but they are easy to figure out once you know these conjugations because they are combinations of these conjugations. This is not for every level. If you are speaking bangmal or very formal Korean, it is different. Except for the new future tense I gave you, all of these are in the “yo” form. The new future tense is a more formal form.

시작에 하나님이 천극 과 지구를 만들어젔어요 (shee jak eh hahnahneem ee cheonguk kohwah jeegoo lul mahnduleojeosseoyo) = In the beginning, God created Heaven and earth.

시작 하다 (sheejak hada) – start, begin

Simple present tense: 시작 해요 (sheejak heyo), negative simple present tense: 시작 하지 않아요 (sheejak hajee ahnayo) (don’t or doesn’t begin or start)

Simple past tense: 시작 했어요 (sheejak hesseoyo), negative simple past tense: 시작 하지 않았아요 (sheejak hahjee ahnahsseoyo) or 안 시작 했어요 (ahn sheejak hesseoyo) (did not or didn’t begin or start)

Future tense: 시작 할거예요 (sheejak halkoyeo), negative future tense: 안 시작 할거예요 (ahn sheejak halkeoyeyo) (won’t or will not start or begin, isn’t, aren’t, am not going to start or begin)

Present perfect tense: 시작 한적이 있어요 (sheejak hanjeokee eesseoyo), negative present perfect tense: 시작 한적이 없어요 (sheejak hanjeokee eobseoyo) (haven’t or hasn’t begun or started)

Present continuous or progressive tense: 시작 하고 있어요 (sheejak hago eesseoyo), negative present continuous or progressive tense: 시작 하고 없어요 (sheejak hago eobseoyo) (isn’t, aren’t, or am not beginning or starting)

Past perfect tense: 시작 하돈적이 있어요 (sheejak hadonjeokee eesseoyo), negative past perfect tense: 시작 하돈적이 없어요 (sheejak hadonjeokee obseoyo). (had not or hadn’t started or begun)

Another future tense: 시작 할거싰다 (sheejak halgosheetdah), negative future tense: 안 시작 할거싰다 (ahn sheejak halgeosheetdah) (will not or won’t begin or start)

Any of the verbs that end in 하다 (hahdah) are put into past tense like this. There may be more ways to do it, but this is enough of one verb for now.

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매 일요일은 내가 교회에 가요. (meh eelyoeel un negah kyoheh eh gayo) = I go to church every Sunday. Photo by Francesco Ungaro on Pexels.com

가다 (gah dah or kah dah) = go

Simple present tense: 가요 (gahyo or kahyo). negative simple present tense: 가지 않아요 (kahjee ahnahyo or gahjee ahnayo) (don’t go, doesn’t go, do not go, does not go)

Simple past tense: 갔어요 (gahsseoyo or kahsseoyo), negative simple past tense: 가지 않았어요 (gahjee ahnahsseoyo or kahjee ahnahseoyo) (didn’t go, did not go)

Future tense: 갈거예요 (kahlkeoyeyo or gahlgeoyeyo), negative simple past tense: 안 갈거예요 (ahn kahlkeoyeyo or ahn gahlheoyeeyo) (won’t go, will not go, isn’t, aren’t. am not going to go)

Present perfect tense: 간적이 있어요 (kahnjeokee eesseoyo or gahnjeokee eesseoyo), negative present perfect tense: 간적이 없어요 (kahnjeokee eobseoyo or gahnjeokee eobseoyo). (hasn’t or haven’t gone)

Present continuous or progressive tense: 가고 잇어요 (kahkoh eesseoyo or gahgoh eesseoyo), negative present continuous or progressive tense: 가고 없어요 (kahkoh eobseoyo or gahgoh eobseoyo). (am not, is not, are not, isn’t, aren’t going)

Past perfect tense: 가돈적이 있어요 (kahdonjeokee eesseoyo or gahdonjeokee eesseoyo), negative past perfect tense: 가돈적이 없어요 (kahdonjeokee eobseoyo or gadonjeokee eobseoyo). (had not gone or hadn’t gone)

Another future tense: 갈거싰다 (kahlgohsheettdah or gahlgohsheettdah), negative future tense: 안 갈거싰다 (ahn kahlgohsheettdah or ahn gahlgohsheettdah). (will not go, won’t go)

Any verb that has 아 (ah) in the stem like 가다 (kahdah or gahdah), will be conjugated like this.

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주님을 기다리는 사람들은 그들의 믿음을 새롭게 할 거예요. (jooneen ul keekahree nun saram un kudul oo-ee meetum ul selul halgeoyeyo) = Those that wait on the Lord shall renew their faith.
독수리처럼 날개에 올라 타 (doosoofee cheorom nalgeh eh ohlrah tah) = They will mount up on wings like eagles.

기다리다 (keedahreedah) = wait

Simple present tense: 기다려요 (keedahryeoyo), negative simple present tense: 기다리지 않아요 (keedahreejee ahnahyo). (do not wait, does not wait, don’t wait, doesn’t wait)

Simple past tense: 기다렸어요 (keedahryeosseoyo), negative simple past tense: 기아기지 않아요 (keedahreejee ahnahyo). (did not wait. didn’t wait)

future tense: 기다릴거예요 (keedahreelkeoyeyo), negative simple past tense: 안 기다릴거예요 (ahn deedahreelkeoyeyo). (will not wait, won’t wait)

Present perfect tense: 기다린적이 있어요 (keedahreenjeokee eesseoyo), negative present perfect tense: 기다린적이 없어요 (keedahreenjeokee eobseoyo). (has not waited, have not waited)

Present tense continuous or progressive: 기다리고 있어요 (keedahreego eesseoyo), negative present tense continuous or progressive: 기다리고 없어요 (keedahreegoh eobseoyo). (am not, aren’t, isn’t waiting)

Past perfect tense: 기다리돈적이 있어요 (keedahreedonjeokee eesseoyo), negative past perfect tense: 기다리도적이 없어요 (keedahreedonjeokee eobseoyo). (had not waited, hadn’t waited)

Another future tense: 기다릴거싰다 (keedahreelgeosheetdah), negative future tense: 안 기다릴거싰다 (ahn keedahreelgeosheetdah). (will not wait, won’t wait)

Any verbs that have a stem ending with 이 (ee) will be conjugated like this.

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This is enough for one blog. I taught a student who is studying Korean on Zoom today, and he is doing great with these. He is learning to conjugate new verbs that I give him without me telling him how to conjugate them because he is learning the patterns. In Korean, to conjugate things correctly, you just have to learn the patterns. Look for ways that they repeat themselves, and you will see the patterns, and it will be easy to conjugate in Korean.

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