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Korean Lesson 60, Continuing Verb Conjugations

Yesterday, I taught a Korean lesson, and the student’s ability to conjugate Korean verbs quickly was just great! I was thrilled with how quickly he is catching on! I just gave him the rules for past tense, and he could almost conjugate all the verbs he knew correctly. We have been working on simple past tense, and I am hoping by now you have simple past tense figured out as well as simple present tense. Today, I am going to add another tense. In fact, I am going to change the format for learning these verbs. I am going to give you a sentence, and give you clues to what tense you need to choose.

The new test I want to share with you is present tense continuous or progressive. The best way to think about this tense is it is happening right now. It is one point in time, now. It is in progress right at this minute. The difference between this one and simple present tense is that simple present tense happens everyday. And, everyone knows that simple past tense happened at one point of time in the past, and it finished right away. To learn which one to choose, you have to know some words that have to do with time. Remember that simple past tense has a double shiot (ㅆ) before the –어요, and simple present tense only has the –어요.

Vocabulary and Grammar (단어 돠 문법): To make present tense continuous or progressive, you take the stem of the verb, and then put 고 (go) and then add 있어요 (eesseoyo). Think of the –고 있어요 as “–ing.”

After time words, there is sometimes a post position particle, 은 (un) or 는 (nun). Yes, this comes after the subject too, but also 가 (gah) or 이 (ee) can come after the subject. 은 and 는 can also come after adjectives or in the middle of some verb conjugations.

지금 (jeegum) = now, 어제 (eojay) = yesterday, 말나다 (malnahdah) = everyday, 항상 (hang sang) = always, 오늘 아짐 (ohnul ahjim) = this morning, 동안 (dongahn) = during or just an expression put after a period of time, 언제 (eonjay) = when, 년 (nyeon) = year, years, 싮사 (sheepsah) = 14

편지 (pyeonjee) = letter, 쓰다 (ssudah) = write, 동담 (nongdahm) = joke, 웃다 (ootdah) = laugh, 만찬 (mahnchahn) = dinner, the Lord’s supper, 요리 하다 (yoree hahdah) = cook (verb), 주다 (joodah) = give, 살다 (sahldah) = live (verb), 가족 (kahjohk) = family, 달은 (dahlun) = other,아기 (ahghee) = baby, 자다 (jahdah) = sleep, 뭐 (moh) = what, 만들다 (mahnduldah) = make, 수업 (soo-eob) = a lesson, a class, 가르치다 (kahrucheedah) = teach

Directions: Choose the correct verb tense. The answers are at the bottom.

  1. 그는 어제 편지를 ___________________________.

a) 써요 b) 썰거예요 c) 썼어요 d) 쓰고 있어요

2. 지금은 그는 농담에서 _________________________.

a) 웃었어요 b) 웃고 있어요 c) 웃는 적이 있어요 d) 웃을거예요

3. 내가 십사년 동안 수얼에 ________________________.

a) 살고 있어요 b) 살어요 c) 살을거예요 d) 살았어요

4. 그는 지금은 그녀에게 꼿을 _______________________.

a) 주다 b) 저요 c) 주고 있어요 d) 줬어요

5. 그녀는 날마다 만찬을 ____________________.

a) 요리 할거예요 b) 요리 하고 있어요 c) 요리 해요 d) 요리하는 적이 있어요

6. 가족은 항상 다른 가족을 ______________________.

a) 사랑 해요 b) 사랑 했어요 c) 사랑 하고 있어요 d) 사랑 할거예요

7. 지금은 아기는 ___________________________.

a) 자다 b) 잘거예요 c) 자고 있어요 d) 잤어요

8. 자금은 뭐 ____________________?

a) 마들었어요 b) 마들다 c) 마들고 있어요 d) 마들은 적이 있어요

9. 언제 그를 _____________________? 그를 어제 ____________________.

a) 마났어요 b) 마날거예요 c) 마나고 있어요 d) 마난 적이 있어요

10. 지금은 그는 수업을 ______________________.

a) 가르첬어요 b) 가르칠거예요 c) 가르치고 있어요 d) 가르치는 적이 있어요

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Answers (대답들) :

  1. c. 썼어요
  2. b. 옷고 있어요
  3. d. 살았어요
  4. c. 주고 있어요
  5. c. 요리 해요
  6. a. 사랑 해요
  7. c. 자고 있어요
  8. c. 만들고 있어요
  9. a. 만났어요
  10. c. 가르치고 있어요

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