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Korean Lesson 57, Conjugating Verbs

We are almost through the stack of red verbs cards. These are the verbs that are used more often than any others. Hopefully, you are learning what the verbs are and simple present tense in the “yo” form. If you read the subtitles under the pictures, you will get an introduction to other tenses, and we will go through those also. I taught Korean this morning, and my student was doing really well going through these cards. I love to see the look on my student’s faces when they accomplish.

Vocabulary and Grammar: 자다 (jahdah) = sleep (verb)/ 웃다 (ootdah) = laugh (verb)/ 살다 (sahldah) = live (verb)/ 가르지다 (kahrucheedah) = teach/ 일 하다 (eel hahdah) = work (verb)/ 미소를 짓다 (meesoh lul jeetdah) = smile (verb)/ 요리 하다 (yoree hahdah) = cook (verb)/ 사랑 하다 (sahrahng hahdah) = love (verb)/가지다 (kahjeedah) = have/ 울다 (ooldah) = cry (verb).

자는 것 (jahnun keot) = sleep or sleeping (a noun)/ 웃는 것 (ootnun keot) = laughing (noun)/ 살는 것 (sahlnun keot) = living (noun)/ 가르지는 것 (kahrucheenun keot) = teaching (noun)/ 일하는 것 (eelhahnun keot) = working (noun), 미소 (meesoh) = smile (noun), 미소를 직는 것 (meesoh jeetnun keot) = smiling (noun)/ 미소 하는 것 (meesoh hahnun keot) = smiling (noun), 요리사 (yoreesah) = cook (a noun, a person)/ 요리 하는 것 (yoree hanun keot) = cooking (noun), 사랑 (sahrahng) = love (noun), 사랑 하는 것 (sahrahng hahnun keot) = loving (noun)/ 사랑 한 (sahrahng han) = loving (adjective)/ 사랑 해 (sahrahng hay) = I love you,

When we speak English, the word: have is said in the simple present tense, but our concept of what is happening is present progressive, and if we conjugated it the way we think, instead of saying “I have a book,” we would say “I am having a book.” In Korean, they actually conjugate it the way we think, so they use 가지고 있어요 (kahjeegoh eesseoyo) which is literally “am, are, or is having” when we use “has” or “have.” Technically, 가져요 *kahjyeoyo” is simple present tense, but that is not what they use for “has” or “have.”

The word 울다 (ooldah) technically means “cry.” However, the Koreans use it for more than cry. When an animal makes a sound, the use 울다. A good example is 소는 “moo”를 울어요. We would say “A cow says ‘moo.’ ” However, what they would literally say in English is “A cow cries ‘moo.’ “

Directions: Choose the simple present tense “yo” form of the verb. the answers are at the bottom.

고양이는 자고 있어요. = The cat is sleeping.
  1. 자다 a) 자고 있어요 b) 잤어요 c) 자요 d) 잘거예요
그들은 웃고 있었어요. = They were laughing.

2. 웃다 a) 웃어요 b) 웃었어요 c) 웃을거예요 d) 웃는 것

어디에 살아요? = Where do you live?

3. 살다 a) 살었어요 b) 살어요 c) 살을거예요 d) 살은적이 있어요

그녀의 딸을 가르첬어요. = She taught her daughter.

4. 가르치다 a) 가르첬어요 b) 가르칠거예요 c) 가르처요 d) 가르친 적이 있어요

어디에 일 해요? = Where do you work?

5. 일하다 a) 일한 적이 있어요 b) 일해요 c) 일하고 있어요 d) 일할거예요

그녀는 미소를 짓어요 = She smiles.

6. 미소를 짓다 a) 미소를 짓어요 b) 미소를 짓을거예요 c) 미소를 짓었어요 d) 미소를 짓은 적이 있어요

그는 요리 할 수 있어요 = He can cook.

7. 요리 하다 a) 요리 한 적이 잇어요 b) 요리 해요 c) 요리 했어요 d) 요리 하는 것

그는 아기를 사랑 해요. = He loves the baby.

8. 사랑 하다 a) 사랑 할거예요 b) 사랑 라는 것 c) 사랑 해요 d) 사랑 하고 있어요

책을 가지고 있어요 = She has a book.

9. 가지다 a) 가져어요 b) 가진 적이 있어요 c) 가지고 있어요 d) 가져요

그는 울고 있었어요. = He was crying.

10. 울다 a) 울어요 b) 울었어요 c) 울은 걱이 있어요 d) 울고 있어요

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Answers (대답들):

  1. c. 자요
  2. a. 웃어요
  3. b. 살아요
  4. a. 가르쳐요
  5. b. 일해요
  6. a. 미소를 짓어요
  7. b. 요리 해요
  8. c. 사랑 해요
  9. a. 가져요 c) 가지고 있어요
  10. a. 울어요

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