If you are going to go to Korea, here are some things you need to get started and help you get around:
안녕하세요/ anyeong haseyo = Hello, good morning, good afternoon, good evening, and with the voice inflection of a question, it means “How are you?”. It is the most useful phrase you can learn.
안녕가새요 / anyeong kaseyo = Good bye, but you can only use it if you are staying and another person is leaving.
나녕계새요/anyeong gyeseyo = Good bye, but you can only use it if you are the one who is leaving.
괜찬아요?/ kwenchanayo? = “Is it okay?” or “Are you okay?”
거ㅐㄴ찬아요/kwenchanayo. = “It is okay.” or “I am okay,” or “He is okay,” or “She is okay.” It is the same as the last one, but you saying without the voice inflection of a question.
잘지내요?/chalcheeneyo? = “Are you feeling well?”
다 /dah = yes
아니요/aneeyo = no
도와주세요/ towha jooseyo = please help me.
와정실이 어디 있어요? /wajeongshil ee eodee eesseoyo? = Where is the bathroom?
여기/ yoghee = here
거기 /kohghee = there
가사합니다/ kahmsah-habneedah = thank you
나의 가방 /nah oo-ee kahbahng = my bag
배고바요 / peh-goh-pah-yo = I am hungry
믈을 주세요 /mool ool jooseyo = Please give me water.
잘자요/ chal-chayo = good night
머고 십어요/ moko shipoyo = I want to eat. With a question inflection, it becomes “Do you want to eat?”
마시고 싶어요/ mah-sheegoh shipoyo = I want to drink. With a question inflection, it becomes, “Do you want to drink?”
자고 싶어요/ jah-go-shipoyo = I want to sleep. With a question inflection, it becomes, “Do you want to sleep?”
피곤해요 /pee-gon-heyo = I am tired. If you put a question inflection on it, it becomes, “Are you tired?”
택시는 어디에 있어요?/ tahk shee nun eodee eh eesseoyo? = Where is the taxi?
오른쪽으로 가새요 / ohrenchok-oo-ro kaseyo = Please go to the right
왼쪽으로 가세요/wenchok-oo-ro kaseyo = Please go to the left
직진 가세요 / jeecheen kaseyo = Please go straight
여기소 중지하세요 /yoghee-soh joong-jee haseyo= Please stop right here.
가고십어요 /kako shipoyo = I want to go. With a question voice inflection, it means “Do you want to go?”
내방이 어디있어요? /ne bahng ee eodee eesseoyo? = Where is my room?
내 침대는 어디있어요?/ ne cheemday nun eodee eeseoyo? = Where is my bed?
지하철역은 어디 있어요?/jeehahcheol un eodee eeseoyo? = Where is the subway station?
버스 정류장은 어디에 있어요?/ bus jeongjang un eodee eh eeseoyo? = Where is the bus station?
티켓은 어디에서 살 수 있나요?/teeket un eodee ehsoh sahl soo eess-ohyo? =”Where can I buy a ticket?”
얼마예요?/ eol-mah-yeh-yo? = How much does it cost?
어디에서 돈을 변경할 수 있어요?/ eodee ehsoh ton ool byeonkyeong hahl soo eesoyo? = Where can I change money?
영어를 할 수 있어요?/ yeong-eo lul hahl soo eesseoyo? = Can you speak English?
한국말을 할 수 없어요./ hangook mahl ool hahl soo eobseoyo. = I can’t speak Korean.
번역 하는 사람을 필용해요/ bonyok hahnun sahram ool peelyoheyo = I need a translator.
I have tried to think of some basic things someone traveling around Korea might need to know. I hope I got the ones that you need. If all else fails, look for a young person. They are more likely to know how to speak English, but not all of them can. If you see a university, there will be professors who can speak English. If you meet a doctor, they are also more likely to speak English. If you see a sign that says 학원 (hogwan), it is a private school, and most of them teach English. The hogwans are everywhere. If you are lucky, you will get a taxi cab driver who speaks a little English, but don’t count on it. I hope you don’t get lost.