This blog is built on the one before it. If I told you a vocabulary word in the last Korean blog, the definition won’t be here, but in the previous Korean blog. The vocabulary list is only of new words.
rabbit – 토끼 (toghee) carrot – 당근 (dahnggun)
elephant- 코끼리 (kogheeree) all – 모든 (mohdun)
frog – 개구리 (ghegooree) countryside – 시꼴 (sheegohl)
pig – 돼지 (do-ehjee) jump – 점푸 해요 (johmpoo heyo)
bear – 곰 (gohm) everything – 모든 것 (mohdun koht)
horse – 말 (mahl) like (verb) -좋아해요 (choh-ah-heyo)
snake – 뱀 (behm) mud (mire) – 진창 (jeenchahng)
sheep – 양 (Yahng) grass – 풀 (pul)
who -누구 (noogoo) shepherd – 양치 사람 (yahng chee saram)
take care of -주의헤요(joo-oo-ee-heyo)
near – 가까이 (kah-gah-ee) bug – 파리 ( pah-ree)
walk – 걸어가요 (gol-oh- gah-yo) run- 달려요 (dahl-ryo-yo)
carry on the back – 져요 (joh-yoh) leg – 다리 (dahree)
chicken egg -달걀 (dahlgyahl) no – 안이요 (ahnee-yo)
doesn’t walk, don’t walk – 걸어가지 않아요 (kohlohgajee ahnah-yo)
has, have, there is, there are – 있어요 (eesohyo)
doesn’t have, there isn’t, there aren’t – 없어요 (ohbsoyo)
forest, woods – 숲 (soop) strawberry – 딸기 (dahl-ghee)
When -언재 ohnjey sleep – 자요 (jahyo)
winter – 결 (kyol) is big, are big- 겨요 (kyoyo)
how -어떻깨 (ohdohghe) big – 큰 (kun)
nose – 코 (koh) and (between two nouns) – 와(wa), 과 (kwa)
- There is more than one kind of state of being verb in Korean. have already lerned the one that identifies things: 이얘요 (eeyeyo) or 예요 (yeyo). Another kind is presented here: 있어요 (eesoyo) which means “there is,” “there are,” “is located,” “are located,” “am located,” “have,” or “has.”
- The way to say something isn’t from 이예요 is 않아요 (ahnah-yo). Example: “It isn’t a bear” = 곰이 않아요.
- The way to say something isn’t from, 있어요 is 없어요(obsoyo), “there isn’t,” “there aren’t,” “doesn’t have,” (“isn’t,” “aren’t,” “am not” in a place.)
- To make a regular verb negative, use the stem, then put 지 (jee), and then put 앟아요 (ahnah-yo).
- There is also something else grammatical in this lesson with verbs that isn’t in English. The adjective has two forms, the form you use before a noun and the form that can become a state of being verb. 큰 (kun) means “big” before a noun. 켜요 (kyoyo) means “is big.” 행복한 (hengbokhan) is “happy” before a noun. 행복해요 (hengbokheyo) means “is happy.” un 작은 (jackun) means “small” before a noun. 작아요 (jackahyo) means “is small.”
- In English, “s” makes things plural, and it is not optional. If you want to make it plural, you have to use it. However, it is different in Korean. 들(dul)=s, and it is optional. They may or may not use use. You may have to tell from the context or just guess that it is plural, and it is not considered wrong from them not to use 들 when we would use “s.”
- There are many ways to say “and” in Korean. 와 and 과 are used between two nouns. 와 is used after a noun that ends with a vowel. 과 is used after a noun that ends with a consonant.
- 코끼리는 어떻게 예요?
- 뱀은 다리 있어요?
- 말이 뭐 먹어요?
- 돼지는 어디에 살아요?
- 곰이 언제 자요?
- 개구리는 어디에 살아요?
- 토끼는 뭐 먹어요?
- 토끼는 뭐 해요?
- 양이 뭐 먹어요?
- 말이 뭐 해요?
- 아니요. 없어요.
- 풀을 먹어요.
- 농장에 살아요.
- 결에 자요.
- 물 가까이 살아요.
- 당근을 먹어요.
- 점푸 해요.
- 풀을 먹어요
- 걸어가요, 달려요, 사람들을 쳐요.