If you are following this series of blogs, there are two blogs before this that tell you what to do with Icidan and Godan verbs. This one will explain what to do with the an irregular verb, Suru. I wanted to give you more than one verb in one blog, but it took the whole blog to explain one verb, so I will have to give you “kuru,” adjectives, and other considerations in verbs in other blogs. Suru is extremely important.
Suru: I can’t begin to stress to you how important this verb is in Japanese. It means “to do.” If you know this verb and how to use it, your verb knowledge soars. You see, you can add this verb to nouns and change the noun into a verb. You can also use some adjectives and this verb changes into a verb. Here are some examples:
benkyo = study (a noun), benkyo suru = to study, fukuzatsu= complicated, fukuzatsu ni suru= to complicate. kore= this, kore ni suru = choose or decide on, rikon = divorce, rikon suru= to get a divorce, kekkon = marraige, kekkon suru = to get married. kyohi= rejection, refusal, kyohi suru= to reject. black = kuroi, to blacken = kuroku suru. hantai = opposite, hantai suru= oppose. sosa = operation, sosa suru = to have an oeration.kika= naturalization, kika suru= to become naturalized. unten = operation of heavy machinery or a car, unten suru= to drive
There are many more words you can do this with using “suru,” but this gives you an idea. To know how to conjugate all these verbs that have “suru” on the end, all you have to do is know what to do with “suru.”
Masu form : shimasu = I do, you do, he does, she does, etc. This is simple present tense and future tense. “benkyo shimasu” = I study, you study, he studies, she studies, he studies, we study, they study, and will study. kekkkon shimasu = I, you, we, they get married, he, she gets married.
Masen form: shimasen = I don’t, you don’t, he doesn’t, etc. This is the negative for simple present tense or future tense. “benkyo shimasen” = I don’t study, you don’t study, he doesn’t study, etc. rikkon shimasen = I, you, we, they don’t divorce, he, she doesn’t divorce.
Mashita form: shimashita= did, This is past tense. “benkyo shimashita” = studied. “kore ni shimashta” = I chose this.
Negative Past form: shimasendeshita = didn’t. “benkyo shimasendeshita” = didn’t study. “kyohi shimasendeshita” = didn’t reject.
Alternative Negative form: shinai = don’t do, doesn’t do. “benkyo shinai” = doesn’t study, don’t study (Don’t use this form at the end of the sentence. If you do, it is impolite. It is for inside the sentence.)
“Te” Form: shite. shite imasu = am, is, are doing. shite imashita = was, were doing. shite kudasai = please do. “Benkyo shite imasu” = am, is, are, studying, “benkyo shite imashita” = was, were, studying. “benkyo shite kudasai” = please study. “hantai shite imasu” = am, is, are opposing. “hantai shite kudasai” = Please oppose
Don’t do it form: shinai de kudasai = Please don’t do it. “benkyo shinai de kudasai” = please don’t study. “hantai shinai de kudasai” = Please don’t oppose
The “want to” form: shitai = want to do, wants to do. This means “want to do.” “benkyo shitai” = I want to study, he wants to study, etc. “kekkon shitai” = want, wants to get married.
The “must” form: shinakerebanarimasen = must do, have to do, has to do. “benkyo shinakereb narimasen” = I must study, you have to study, we must study, they have to study, etc. sosa shi na kereba narimasen = must operate.
The “can” form: dekimasu = can do. “benkyo suru koto ga dekimasu” = can study. “kika suru koto ga dekimasu” = can be naturalized.
The “can’t” form: dekimasen = can’t do. “benkyo suru koto ga dekimasen” = can’t study. “kika sur kotoga dekimasen” = can’t be naturalized.
The “could” form: dekimashita = could do. “benkyo suru kotoga dekimashita” = could study. “kekon suru kotoga dekimashita” = could get married.
The “if” form: sureba = if you do, if I do, if he does, if she does, etc. “benkyo sureba” = If I study, if you study, if they study, etc. “kekkon sureba” = If they get married, if I get married, If he gets married, etc.
The “when” form: suru toki ni = when I do, when you do, when he does, etc. “benkyo suru toki ni” = when I study, when you study, when they study, etc. “rikkon toki ni” = when they get divorced, when I get divorced, when you get divorced, etc.
I have explained ichidan verbs, godan verbs, and suru. In my next blog, I will give you kuru which means to come. I will also give you some more considerations of verbs. In Japanese, they also have adjectives that can become verbs. I will keep blogging until I get everything sufficiently explained.