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Easy Spanish, Lesson 20, “Entiendes?” (Do you understand?”

Hola!  Como esta usted?  Today, I have been baking. Easter is coming. In Spanish speaking countries, the whole week is important, and they call it Semana Santa (Holy week).  Easter eggs are los huevos de Pascua.  “Pascua” actually means “Passover,” and “huevo” means egg.  Is everyone preparing for Easter?  Some countries make Easter a really big deal, and it just passes by in others.  However, it is important in Spanish speaking countries.  Here in Korea, there are no signs of Easter even though there are many Christians here.  The only thing I ever see pertaining to Easter here is random people running around giving out Easter eggs, even to strangers.  When I lived in Romania, Easter was the biggest holiday of the year.  Let’s study Spanish.  Estudiamos nos espanol.

Repaso:

white and gray building
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  1.  Cuando es Semana Santa, mucho gente van a la iglesia.  Vas a la iglesia?

repuesta: __________________________________________________________________________________

2.  Fuiste la iglesia por Pascua el ano passado?

repusesta: _________________________________________________________________________________

3. Hiciste los huevos de Pascua?

repuesta: __________________________________________________________________________________

4.  Piensas que hay un conejo de Pascua?

repuesa: ___________________________________________________________________________________

5.  Iras a la iglesia para Pascuas por ‘esto domingo?

repuesta: __________________________________________________________________________________

6. Comes el chocolate por Pascua?

repuesta: __________________________________________________________________________________

Leccion:

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Hay una cara. (There is a face.)

Hay ojos, nariz, y boca a la cara. (There are eyes, nose, and mouth on the face.)

Hay una cabeza. (There is a head.)

Hay el pelo sobre la cabeza. (There is hair on the head.)

photo of head bust print artwork
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Hay un cerebro al dentro de la cabeza. (There is a brain inside of the head.)

Que’ haces con tu cerebro? (What do you do with your brain?)

Pienso con mi cerebro. (I think with my brain.)

Creo con mi cerebro. (I believe with my brain.)

Aprendo con mi cerebro. (I learn with my brain.)

Quiero con mi cerebro. (I want with my brain.)

blur book close up data
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Traduzco con mi cerebro. (I translate with my brain.)

Siento con mi cerebro. (I feel with my brain.)

Conozco la gente con mi cerebro. (I know people with my brain.)

Se’ como hablo espanol con mi cerebro. (I know how to speak Spanish with my brain.)

Estudio con mi cerebro. (I study with my brain.)

Entiendo con mi cerebro. (I understand with my brain.)

Comprendo con mi cerebro. (I understand with my brain.)

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Cuando el hablo’ espanol, entendiste? (When he spoke Spanish, did you understand?)

Si’, entiende’. (Yes, I understood.)

Piensas que el entendera’? (Do you think he will understand?)

Si’, pienso que el entendera’. (Yes, I think he will understand.)

Crees en Dios? (Do you believe in God?)

Si’, creo en Dios. (Yes, I believe in God.)

opened bible on wooden surfaca
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Puedes intender la Biblia? (Do you understand the Bible?)

Si’, lo intiendo. (Yes, I understand it.)

No, no lo intiendo. Ayuda me por favor. (No, I don’t understand it. Help me please.)

person holding a chalk in front of the chalk board
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Intiendes tu ejercisios de matimaticas?  (Do you understand your Math exercises?)

Si’, gracias, intiendo. (Yes, thanks, I understand.)

No, no lo intiendo, Ayuda me por favor. (No, I don’t understand it. Help me please.)

Explicacciones:

  1.  “pensar” =to think.  Simple present tense: pienso= I think. piensas= you think. piensa- he or she thinks. usted piensa=you think (formal).  pensamos= we think. piensan= they think. ustedes piensan= you think (plural, formal). Simple past tense: pense’= I thought. pensiste= you thought. penso’= he or she thought. usted penso’=you thought (formal).  pensamos= we thought. pensieron= they thought. ustedes pensieron= you guys thought (formal).  Future tense: pensare’=I will think. pensaras=you will think. pensara= he or she will think. usted pensara=you wil think (formal).  pensaramos= we will think. pensaran= they will think. ustedes pensaran=you guys will think.
  2. “creer” =to believe.  Simple present tense: creo= I believe. crees= you believe. cree=he or she believes. usted cree= you believe (formal).  creemos= we believe. creen=they believe. ustedes creen= you guys believe (formal).  Simple past tense:  cree’= I believed.  creiste= you believed. creo’=he or she believed. usted creo’= you believed (formal).  creemos= we believed. creieron= they believed. ustedes creieron= you guys believed (formal). future tense:  creere’= I will believe. creeras= you will believe. creera= he or she will believe.  usted creera=you will believe (formal).  creeremos= we will believe. creeran= they will believe. ustedes creeran= you guys will believe (formal).
  3. “aprender” =to learn. Simple present tense:  aprendo=I learn. aprendes= you learn. aprende= he or she learns. usted aprende= you learn (formal). aprendemos= we learn. aprenden=they learn. ustedes aprenden= you guys learn (formal).  Simple past tense:  aprende’=I learned. aprendiste= you learned. aprendo’=he or she learned. aprendemos= we learned. aprendieron= they learned. Future tense: aprendere’= I will learn. aprenderas= you will learn. apredera’= he or she will learn. usted aprendera’= you will learn (formal).  aprenderemos=we will learn. aprenderan= they will learn. ustedes aprenderan=you guys will learn (formal).
  4. “entender” = to understand. Simple present tense:  entiendo= I understand. entiendes= you understand. entiende=he or she understands. entendemos= we understand. entienden=they understand. usted entienden= you guys understand (formal).  Simple past tense:  entende’= I understood. entendiste = you understood. entendo’= he or she understood. usted entendo’= you understood (formal).  entendemos= we understood.  entendieron= they understood. ustedes entendieron= you guys understood (formal).  future tense: entendere’= I will understand. entenderas= you will understand. entendera’= he or she will understand. usted entendera’= you will understand (formal).  entenderemos= we will understand. entenderan= they will understand. ustedes entenderan= you guys will understand (formal).
  5. “comprender”= to undersand.  This is the “understand” most people who are beginners to Spanish use because it is easier to remember because it is close to English.  If you want to understand native speakers of Spanish, though, you must know “entender” also. Simple present tense:  comprendo= I understand. comprendes=you understand. comprende= he or she understands. usted comprende= you understand (formal).  compredemos=we understand. compreden=they understand. usted comprenden= you understand (formal).  Simple past tense:  comprende’= I understood. comprendiste= you understood. comprendo’ = he or she understood. usted comprendo’= you understood (formal). comprendemos= we understood.  compredieron= they understood.  ustedes comprendieron= you guys understood (formal).  future tense:  comprendere’= I will understand. comprendas= you will understand. comprenda= he or she will understand. usted comprendera= you will understand (formal). comprederemos= we will understand. comprenderan= they will understand. ustedes comprenderan= you guys will understand (formal).
  6. “querer” = to want. Simple present tense: quiero= I want. quieres= you understand. quiere= he or she understands. usted quiere= you understand (formal).  queremos= we understand. quieren= they understand. ustedes quieren= you guys understand (formal).  Past tense:  quise’ = I wanted. quises=you wanted. quiso’= he or she wanted. usted quiso’= you wanted (formal). quisimos= we wanted. quisieron=they wanted. ustedes quisieron= you guys wanted (formal).  future tense: querre’=I will want.  querras= you will want. querra’=he or she will want. usted querra’= you will want (formal). querremos= we will want. querran= they will want. ustedes querran= you guys will want (formal).
  7. In case you forgot, “hay” means “there is” or “there are.”
  8. “ayuda me” = help me.
  9. “Sabes” = to know how to do something. Simple present tense: se= I know. sabes= you know sabe= he or she knows. usted sabe= you know (formal). sabemos= we know. saben= they know. usted saben= you know (formal).  Simple past tense: supe= I knew. supiste= you knew. supo’= he or she knew. usted supo’= you knew (formal).  supimos= we knew. supieron= they knew. ustedes supieron= you guys knew (formal).  Future tense:  sabre’= I will know. sabras= you will know. sabra’= he or she will know. usted sabra’= you will know (formal).  sabramos= we will know. sabran= they will know. ustedes sabran= you guys will know (formal).
  10. “conocer” = to know someone or recognize something. Simple present tense: conzco= I know, conoces= you know. conoce= he or she knows. conocemos= we know. conocen= they know. Simple past tense:  conoci’= I knew. conociste= you knew. conocia= he or she knew. usted conocia= you knew (formal). conocimos= we knew. conocieron= they knew. ustedes conocieron=you guys know (formal).  Future tense:  conocere’= I will know.  conoceras=you will know.  conocera’= he or she will know. usted conocera’= you will know (formal).  conoceremos= we will know. conoceran= they will know.  ustedes conoceran= you guys will know (formal).
  11. “traducir” = to translate.  Simple present tense: traducio= I translate. traduces= you translate. traduce= he or she translates. usted traduce= you translate (formal). traducimos= we translate. traducen= they translate. ustedes traducen= you guys translate (formal).  

Exercisios:

unknown celebrity taking selfie
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  1. Que’ hay sobre su cabeza?

repuesta: _________________________________________________________________________________

2.  Que’ hay sobre su cara?

repuesta: ________________________________________________________________________________

3. Que’ hay al dentro de su cabeza?

repuesta: __________________________________________________________________________________

photo of head bust print artwork
Photo by meo on Pexels.com

4.  Que’ haces con tu cerebro?

repuesta: _________________________________________________________________________________

5.  Intiendes espanol?

repusta: __________________________________________________________________________________

6.  Crees en Dios?

repuesta: ________________________________________________________________________________

7.  Piensas que es bueno cuando estudias espanol?

repuesta: ________________________________________________________________________________

8.  Puedes aprender espanol?

repuesta: _______________________________________________________________________________

9. Comprendiste tu matimaticas ejercisios?

repuesta: ___________________________________________________________________________________

10.  Comprendes la Biblia?

repuesta:_________________________________________________________________________________

11.  Entendiste ‘esto leccion de espanol?

repuesta: _______________________________________________________________________________

12. Quieres intender el espanol?

repuesta: _______________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

Las Repuestas:

Las Repuestas del Repaso:

  1.  Si’, voy a la iglesia por Semana Santa./ No, no voy a la iglesia por Semana Santa.
  2. Si’, fui a la iglesia por Pascua passada./ No, no fui a la iglesia por Pascua passada.
  3. Si’, hice los huevos de Pascua./ No, no hice los huevos de Pascua.
  4. No, no pienso que hay un conejo de Pascua./ Si’, pienso que hay un conejo de Pascua.
  5. Si’, ire’ a la iglesia por ‘esta Pascua./ No, no ire’ a la iglesia por ‘esta Pascua.
  6. Si’, como chocolate por Pascua./ No, no como chocolate por Pascua.

Las Repuestas de los Ejercisios:

1.  Hay el pelo sobre su cabeza.

2. Hay los ojos, el nariz, y la boca sobre su cara.

3. Hay un cerebro al dentro de su cabeza.

4. Pienso con mi cerebro./ Intiendo con mi cerebro./ Entender con mi cerebro./ Comprendo con mi cerebro./ Creo con mi cerebro./ Quiero con mi cerebro./ Conozco con mi cebrero./ Lo se con mi cebrero./ Traducio con mi cebrero.

5.  Si’, entiendo espanol./ No, no entiendo espanol./ Si’, entiendo un poco de espanol.

6.  Si’, creo en Dios./ No, no creo en Dios./ No lo se.

7.  Si’, pienso que es bueno cuando estudio espanol./ No, no pienso que es bueno cuando estudio espanol./ No lo se.

8.  Si’, puedo aprender espanol./ No, no puedo aprender espanol./ Si’, puedo aprender un poco de espanol.

9. Si’, comprende’ los ejercisios de matimaticas./ No, no comprende’ los ejercicios de matimaticas.

10.  Si’, comprendo la Biblia./ No, no comprendo la Biblia./ A veces comprendo la Biblia.

11.  Si’, entende’ ‘esto leccion de espanol./ No, no entende’ ‘esto leccion de espanol.

12.  Si’, quiero entender espanol.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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