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Easy Spanish, Lesson 15, La Familia (The Family)

Hola! Como esta usted?  No escribe’ en espanol ayer porque mi hija dijo’ que ella piensa que mi problema es que no duermo bastante.  (Hello!  How are you? I didn’t write in Spanish yesterday because my daughter said she thinks my problem is that I don’t sleep enough.)  My arm has been hurting without explanation.  My daughter suggested that when she goes to bed, often, I stay up and blog in Spanish before I go to bed, She suggested I take some Tylenol and allergy pills and go to bed earlier, so I did. It helped.  My arm isn’t completely better, but it isn’t hurting as much today. Maybe she gave me good advice.  I realize today that I haven’t added the topic of medicine, doctors, and hospitals to my Spanish blogs, and I also haven’t added the family to my Spanish blogs.  Today, I will blog about family, and after that, perhaps about medicine, doctors, and hospitals. Let’s get started. Empiezamos nos! 🙂

Repaso:

pink leafed trees on green grass field
1.Photo by Jan Krnc on Pexels.com
  1. Que’ estacion es?

repuesta: __________________________________________________________________________________

2. Que’ hace el tiempo por la primavera?

repuesta: _________________________________________________________________________________

3.  Que’ hace los flores por el primavera?

repuesta: _____________________________________________________________________________________

4.  De que’ color son ‘estos flores?

repuesta: __________________________________________________________________________________

animal big elephant endangered
Photo by Anthony on Pexels.com

5. Que’ es?

repuesta: _________________________________________________________________________________

6. Como’ es el elefante?

repuesta: _________________________________________________________________________________

7. Donde’ viven los elefantes?

repuesta: __________________________________________________________________________________

8. Como son las patas del elefante?

repuesta: __________________________________________________________________________________

9.  Como’ se dice en espanol las patas del gente?

repuesta: __________________________________________________________________________________

10.  Como’ son las orejas de los elefanes?

repuesta: __________________________________________________________________________________

Leccion:

adult affection baby child
Photo by Pixabay on Pexels.com

Quien son ‘este gente? (Who are these people?)

Ellos son los abuelos. (They are the grandparents.) (pronunciation of “abuelos”: ahboo-ehlohs)

El es abuelo. (He is grandfather.) (pronunciation of “abuelo”: ahboo-ehloh)

Ella es abuela. (She is grandmother.) (pronuncation of “abuela”: ahboo-ehlah)

Ellos tienen los nietos. (They have grandchildren.) (pronunciation of “nieto”: nee=ehtoh)

Abuelito tiene la nieta. (The grandpa has the granddaughter.) (pronunciation of “abuelito”: ahboo-ehleetoh) (pronunciation of “nieta”: nee-ehtah)

Abuelita tiene el nieta. (The grandma has the grandson.)

children daughter family father
Photo by Pixabay on Pexels.com

Aqui es una familia. (Here is a family.) (pronunciation of “familia”: fahmeeleeyah)

El padre esta’ en el medio. (The father is in the middle.) (pronunciaion of “padre”:  pahdreh)

La madre esta’ en la derecha.  (The mother is on the right.) (pronunciation of “madre”: mahdreh) (pronunciation of “derecha”: derehchah)

La hija esta’ en la izquierda. (The daughter is on the left.) (pronunciation of “hija”:  eehah) (pronunciation of “izquierda”: eeskee-ehrdah)

Los dos hijos estan al lado de el padre. (The two sons are next to the father.)

Los hijos son los hermanos de la hija. (The son are the brother of the sister.) (pronunciation of “hermanos”: ehrmahnohs)

La hjia es la hermana del los hermanos. (The daughter is the sister of the brothers.) (pronunciation of “hermana”; ermahnah)

man wearing blue shirt
Photo by Elyon Chikwere on Pexels.com

Ellos son hermanos. (They are brothers.)

El hijo del el hermano es el sobrino. (The son of the brother is the nephew.)

El hija del hermano es la sobrina. (The daughter of the brother is the niece.)

‘Estos hermanos se hace tios. (These brothers become uncles.)

Tienes tu un tio? (Do you have an uncle?)

Tienes tu un sobrino? (Do you have a nephew?)

Tienes tu una sobrina? (Do you have a niece?)

La hija de mi tio es mi prima. (The daughter of my uncle is my cousin.)

El hijo de mi tio es mi primo. (The son of my uncle is my cousin.)

twins sitting next to each other
Photo by Craig Adderley on Pexels.com

Ellas son hermanas. (They are sisters.)

El hijo de la hermana es un sobrino. (The son of the sister is a nephew.)

La hija de la hermana es una sobrina. (The daughter of the sister is a niece.)

Las hermanas se hacen tias. (The sisters become aunts.)

Tienes tu una tia? (Do you have an aunt?)

La hija de mi tia es mi prima. (The daughter of my aunt is my cousin.)

El hijo de mi tia es mi primo. (The son of my aunt is my cousin.)

groom and bride standing near green grasses and river
Photo by Irina Iriser on Pexels.com

Ellos son esposa y esposo. (They are wife and husband.) (pronunciation of “esposo” and “esposa” : ehspohsoh, ehspohsah)

Ellos son casado. (They are married.) (pronunciation of “casado”:  kahsahdoh)

El es casado. (He is married.)

Ella es casada. (She is maried.)

El hermano de su esposo es su cunado. (The brother of her husband is her brother in law.) (pronunciation of “cunado”;  koonyahdoh)  (The “n” has a squiggly mark.)

La hermana de su esposo es su cunada. (The sister of her husband is her sister in law.)

El padre de su esposo es su suegro. (The father of her husband is her father in law.)

El madre de su esposo es su suegra. (The mother of her husband is her mother in law.)

El padre de su esposa es su suegro. (The father of his wife is his father in law.)

La madre de su esposa es su suegra. (The mother of his wife is his mother in law.)

Explicaciones:

  1.  In some cultures, the relationships are different, but in most European cultures, the relationships are the same.  The nice thing about studying the relationships in Spanish is that for most of them, it is the same word for the masculine and feminine with the exception of the masculine ones ending in “o” and the feminine one ending in “a.”
  2. If you want to make something smaller, there are endings in Spanish.  For example, “grandmother” is “abuela,” and “grandma” is “abuelita.”  Grandfather is “abuelto,” and “grandpa” is “abuelito.”
  3. The mothers hold a very special place in the Mexican culture.  They are the center of the home.  They are usually the ones who give the family spiritual leadership.  If the mother goes to church, they consider the whole family as Christian.  They think that religious mother can get the whole family into Heaven even if she is the only one going to church.  The husband may come home drunk every night and never go to church, but he knows he will be fine if his wife is a good faithful woman to him and to God.  Often times, the mothers and grandmothers are so important in Mexico, they are treated like saints.
  4. The idea of “macho” comes from Mexico.  Guys must be tough and strong, and that means they are “macho.”
  5. This is a good time to give you possessive pronouns.  My = mi. My grandpa = mi abuelito.  your = tu, tus. Your mother= tu madre. tus abuelos= your grandparents. his, her, or formal your= su. Su hermana= her sister, his sister, or (formal) your sister.  Nuestro=our, nuestra= our (feminine). Nuestros = our in front of a plural noun.  Examples:  Nuestro padre = our father.  Nuestra madre= our mother.  Nuestros primos= our cousins. Nuestras sobrinas- our nieces. Their= su or sus.  Thier aunt= su tia.  Thier aunts = sus tias.

Ejercisios:

groom and bride standing near green grasses and river
Photo by Irina Iriser on Pexels.com
  1. Quien es?

repuesta: __________________________________________________________________________________

2. Quien es la madre de su esposa?

repuesta: __________________________________________________________________________________

3. Quien es el hermano de su esposo?

repuesta: __________________________________________________________________________________

adult affection baby child
Photo by Pixabay on Pexels.com

4. Quien tiene el abuelo?

repuesta: __________________________________________________________________________________

5.  Quien tiene la abuelita?

repuesta: __________________________________________________________________________________

children daughter family father
Photo by Pixabay on Pexels.com

6. Quien esta’ en el medio?

repuesta: _________________________________________________________________________________

7. Quien esta’ en la izquierda?

repuesta: __________________________________________________________________________________

8. Quien esta’ en laderecha?

repuesta: ________________________________________________________________________________

9. Quien son al lado del padre?

repuesta: ________________________________________________________________________________

twins sitting next to each other
Photo by Craig Adderley on Pexels.com

10. Cuando las hermanas tienen los  muchachos, las hermanas he hacen _______________________________

11. La hija de la hermana es la _____________________________________.

12.  El hijo de la hermana es el ___________________________________.

13.  El sobrino se llama la hermana de su madre ______________________.

14.  Quien son los muchachos de tu tia?

repuesta: ________________________________________________________________________________

man wearing blue shirt
Photo by Elyon Chikwere on Pexels.com

15.  Quien son?

repuesta: ________________________________________________________________________________

16.  La hija de su hermano es su _____________________________________.

17.  El hijo de su hermano es su _____________________________________

18.  Los hijos de tu tio son tus_________________________________________.

____________________________________________________________________________________________

Repuestas:

Repuestas del Repaso:

  1.  Es la primavera.
  2.  Es fresco por la primavera.
  3. Los flores florecen por la primavera.
  4. Los flores son rosa.
  5. Es un elefante.
  6. El elefante es grande.
  7. Los elefantes viven en Africa.
  8. Las patas del elefante son grande.
  9. Las patas del gente son las piernas.
  10. Las orejas de los elephantes son grande.

Repuestas del Ejercicios:

  1.  Son la esposa y el esposo.
  2. La madre de su esposa es su suegra.
  3. El hermano de su esposo es su cunado.
  4. El abuelo tiene la nieta.
  5. La abuelita tiene el nieto.
  6. El padre esta’ en el medio.
  7. La hija es en la izquierda.
  8. La madre es en la derecha.
  9. Los hermanos son al lado del padre./ Las hijos son al lado del padre.
  10. las Tias.
  11.  sobrina
  12. sobrino
  13. la tia
  14. Son mis primos.
  15. Ellos son hermanos.
  16. La hija de su hermano es su sobrina.
  17. El hejo de su hermano es su sobrino.
  18. primos
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