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Easy Spanish, Lesson 10, Los Cerdos, Los Buhos, Los Ratones, Y Los Conejos (The pigs, owls, mice, and rabbits)

Buenos Tardes. Como esta usted?  Estoy muy bien.  Hoy es martes. Ayer fue lunes.  Manana es miercuri.  (Translation: Good afternoon. How are you? I am fine.  Today is Tuesday. Yesterday was Monday. Tomorrow is Wednesday.)  Today, my Korean son in law wanted to know how I keep all the languages I speak straight.  He speaks Korean and English and wants to speak Spanish, so he is doing these lessons.  Sometimes, when I greet him in Spanish, he knows just what to say, and other times, he gives a long pause and can’t think of it. He says his problem is that he is used to responding in English, and even though he understands me when I greet him in Spanish, it wants to come out in English.

If you only speak two languages, your brain is programmed for those two languages, and when you tell your brain you are speaking a foreign language, those foreign words you are used to come out.  When you try to speak more than two languages, you have to treat your brain like a computer.  You have to program your brain. A good example is just before I went to Japan, I wanted to make sure Japanese came out of my mouth and not Korean because I had been speaking a lot of Korean, so I began giving Japanese lessons on my blog. I programmed my brain. I put my Japanese disc in.  Whenever I know I am going to speak a language, I prepare my brain.  Often, I keep a diary in that language before I have to speak.  If you are going to walk into a room where they speak Spanish, sing a Spanish song or sit and read a Spanish book out loud before you enter the room, and you will have less of a problem of stuttering and losing words.  You have to reboot your brain like a computer.  It isn’t magic.  It is a conscious decision, and you have to plan, and then it comes out easily. Ahora, estudiamos nos! (Now, let’s study!)

Repaso:

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  1.  Que’ es?

repuesta: _________________________________________________________________________________

2.  Que’ come la vaca?

repuesta: _________________________________________________________________________________

3.  Donde’ vive la vaca?

repuesta: __________________________________________________________________________________

4. Que’ nos dan los vacas?

repuesta: __________________________________________________________________________________

empty gray metal shopping card near assorted plastic bottles
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5.  Que’ es?

repuesta: __________________________________________________________________________________

6. Que’ haces la tienda?

repuesta:__________________________________________________________________________________

7. A Donde’ vas?

repuesta: _________________________________________________________________________________

8. Cuanto cuesta el cafe’?

repuesta: _________________________________________________________________________________

9. Cuanto cuesta la leche?

repusta: ___________________________________________________________________________________

Leccion:

farm farmer pink ears
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Que’ es?

Es un cerdo. (It is a pig.) (pronunciation: sehrdoh)

Como se dice “pork” en espanol? (How do you say “pork” in Spanish?)

“Pork” en espanol es carne de cerdo. (“Pork” in Spanish is “carne de cerdo.” (meat of pig))

Donde’ viven los cerdos? (Where do pigs live?)

Los cerdos viiven en el lodo.  (Pigs live in mud.) (pronunciation of “lodo”: lohdoh)

Que’ comen los cerdos? (What do pigs eat?)

Los cerdos comen todo. (The pigs eat everything.)   (pronunciation of “todo”: tohdoh)

Que’ hacen los cerdos? (What do pigs do?)

Los cerdos andan. (Pigs walk.)

Los cerdos duermen en lodo. (The pigs sleep in mud.) (pronunciation of “duermen”: doo-ehrmehn)

bird barn owl
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Que’ es?

Es un buho. (It is an owl.) (pronunciation of “buho”: boo-oh)

Que’ hacen los buhos? (What do owls do?)

Los buhos duermen por el dia y despertan por la noche. (The owls sleep in the day and wake up in the night.) (pronunciation of “despertan”: dehspehrtahn.) (pronunchiation of “noche”: nohchay)

Los buhos volan. (The owls fly.)

Los buhos comen los ratones y los conejos. (The owls eat mice and rabbits.) (pronuncation of “ratones”: rahtohnehs) (pronunciation of “conejos”: kohnayhohs)

Donde’ viven los buhos? (Where do owls live?)

Lost buhos viven en los arboles. (The owls live in the trees.)

Que’ dicen los buhos? (What do the owls say?)

Los buhos dicen, “Who?”  (Owls say, “Who?)

close up of rabbit on field
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Que’ es?

Es un conejo. (It is a rabbit.)

Que’ hacen los conejos? (What do rabbits do?)

Los conejos saltan. (The rabbits jump.) (pronunciation of “saltan”: sahltahn)

Que’ comen los conejos?

Los conejos comen las zanahorias. (The rabbits eat carrots.) (pronunciation of “zanahorias”: sahnahhohree-ahs)

Donde’ viven los conejos?

Los conejos viven en los hoyos. (The rabbits live in holes.) (pronunciation of “hoyos”: ohyohs)

animal cute little mouse
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Que’ es?

Es un raton. (It is a mouse.)

Que’ comen los ratones? (What do mice eat?)

Los ratones comen el queso. (The mice eat the cheese.) (pronunciation of “queso”: kaysoh)

Donde’ viven los ratones? (Where do the mice live?)

Los ratones viven en los hoyos. (The mice live in the holes.)

Que’ hacen los ratones? (What do mice do?)

Los ratones producen las problemas. (The mice make problems.)

Explicaciones:

  1.  “Dormir” (to sleep) is a new verb here. A bedroom in Spanish is “dormitorio.”  In English, the place the students sleep is the “dormitory,” so this should be easy for you to remember. “Dormir” is an irregular verb, so you have to look close at the ending so learn them.  Let’s conjugate “dormir” in simple present tense:  I sleep= yo duermo. you sleep = tu duermes. he sleeps= el duerme. she sleeps = ella duerme. We sleep= nosotros dormimos. They sleep = ellos duermen (masculine), ellas duermen (feminine).  You guys sleep (formal)= usted duerme.
  2. Past tense of “dormir” (to sleep):  I slept = Yo dormi’.  You slept = tu dormiste. He slept = el durmio’. She slept = ella durmio’. You slept (formal)= usted durmio’. We slept = dormimos. They slept = ellos durmieron (masculine), ellas durmieron (feminine).  You guys slept (formal)= ustedes durmieron.
  3. “Saltar” (to jump), a regular “ar” verb, conjugated in simple present tense:  I jump = Yo salto. You jump= tu saltas. He jumps = el salta. She jumps = ella salta. You jump (formal) = usted salta. We jump = nosotros saltamos. They jump = ellos saltan (masculine), ellas saltan (feminine). You guys jump (formal)= usted salta.
  4. “Saltar” (to jump) in simple past tense: I jumped= yo salte’. You jumped = tu salaste. He jumped = el salto’. She jumped = ella salto’. You jumped (formal) = usted salto’. We jumped = nosotros saltamos. They jumped = ellos saltaron (masucline), ellas sasltaron (feminine). You guys jumped (formal)= ustedes saltaron.
  5. “Despertar” (to wake up) is another regular “ar” verb.  Conjugated in simple present tense:  I wake up = yo desperto. You wake up = tu despertas. He wakes up = el desperta. She wakes up= ella desperta. You wake up (formal)= usted desperta. We wake up = nosotros despertamos. They wake up = ellos despertan (masculine), ellas despertan (feminine). You guys wake up (formal)= ustedes despertan.
  6. “Despertar” (to wake up) in simple past tense:  I woke up = yo desperte’. You woke up = tu despertaron. He woke up = el desperto’. She woke up = ella desperto’.  You woke up (formal) = usted desperto’. We woke up = nosotros despertamos.  They woke up = ellos despertaron (masculine), ellas despertaron (feminine).  You guys woke up (formal)= ustedes despertaron.
  7. “producir” (to produce, to make), conjugated in simple present tense:  I make or produce = yo producio.  You produce or make = tu produces. He makes or produces = el produce. She makes or produces = ella produce. You make or produce (formal) = usted produce. We make or produce = nosotros producimos. They produce or make = ellos producen (mascuine), ellas producen (feminine).  You guys produce (formal)= ustedes producen.
  8. “producir” (to produce or make) (regular “ir” verb) in simple past tense:  I made or produced = Yo produci’, You made or produced = tu produciste. He made or produced = el producio’ She made or produced = ella producio’.  You made or produced (formal) = usted producio’. We made or produced = nosotros producimos. They made or produced = ellos producieron (masculine), ellas producieron (feminine). You guys produced or made (formal) = ustedes producieron.

Ejercisios:

farm farmer pink ears
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  1.  Que’ es?

repuesta: _________________________________________________________________________________

2. Donde’ vive el cerdo?

repuesta: _________________________________________________________________________________

3.  Donde’ duerme el cerdo?

repuesta: __________________________________________________________________________________

4. Dormiste tu en el lodo?

repuesta: __________________________________________________________________________________

5. Te gusta carne de cerdo?

repuesta: __________________________________________________________________________________

animal cute little mouse
Photo by Pixabay on Pexels.com

6.  Que’ es?

repuesta: __________________________________________________________________________________

7.  Donde’ vive el raton?

repuesta: _________________________________________________________________________________

8. Que’ comen los ratones?

repuesta: ________________________________________________________________________________

9. Te gusta comer el queso?

repuesta: __________________________________________________________________________________

10. Que’ hacen los ratones?

repuesta: ________________________________________________________________________________

bird barn owl
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11. Que’ es?

repuesta: ________________________________________________________________________________

12.  Que’ hacen los buhos por el dia?

repuesta: ________________________________________________________________________________

13. Dormiste tu por el dia hoy?

repuesta: _________________________________________________________________________________

14. Dormiste tu por la noche?

repuesta: __________________________________________________________________________________

15.  Que’ dicen los buhos?

repuesta:_________________________________________________________________________________

close up of rabbit on field
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16. Que’ es?

repuesta: __________________________________________________________________________________

17.  Que’ comen los conejos?

repuesta:__________________________________________________________________________________

18. Comiste una zanahoria hoy?

repuesta: __________________________________________________________________________________

19. Comiste el queso hoy?

repuesta: __________________________________________________________________________________

20. Que’ hacen los conejos?

repuesta: _________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

Repuestas:

Repuestas del Repaso:

  1.  Es la vaca.
  2. La vaca come hierba y heno.
  3. La vaca vive fuera y en el granero.
  4. Las vacas nos dan la leche.
  5. Es una tienda.
  6. Voy de compras a la tienda.
  7. Voy de compras.
  8. El cafe’ cuesta cinco pesos. (I don’t know how much these things cost. Put any price you want in the answer.)
  9. La leche cuesta tres pesos.

Repuestas del Ejercisios:

  1.  Es un cerdo.
  2. Un cerdo vive en el lodo.
  3. El cerdo duerme en el lodo.
  4. No, no dormi’ en el lodo.
  5. Si’ me gusta carne de cerdo./ No, no me gusta carne de cerdo.
  6. Es un raton.
  7. El raton vive en el hoya.
  8. Los ratones comen el queso.
  9. Si’, me gusta comer el queso./ No, no me gusta comer el queso.
  10. Los ratones producen las problemas.
  11. Es el buho.
  12. Los buhos duermen por el dia.
  13. Si’, yo dormi’ por el dia hoy./ No, no dormi’ por el dia hoy.
  14. Si’, dormi’ por la noche./ No, no dormi’ por la noche.
  15. Los buhos dicen, “Who?”
  16. Es un conejo.
  17. Los conejos comen las zanahorias.
  18. Si’, comi’ una zanahoria hoy./ No, no comi’ una zanahoria hoy.
  19. Si’, comi’ el queso hoy./ No, no comi’ el queso hoy.
  20. Los conejos saltan.

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