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Easy Spanish, Lesson 9, Las Vacas, Los Caballos, y Las Gallinas. (Cow, Horses, and Chickens)

Buenos Tardes. Como esta’ usted?  Hoy es lunes. Ayer fue domingo. Manana es martes. How much did you understand?  I said, “Good afternoon. How are you?  Today is Monday. Yesterday was Sunday. Tomorrow is Tuesday. ” Did you understand it all or just part?  Sometimes I am afraid of giving you too much at once, but I keep trying to review and help you remember.  If you have seen it once, you will probably see it again. the more repetition, the better.  Repetition helps you learn.  I began with animals and verbs last time, and I will continue.  Some of the verbs will be repeated because some of the animals do the same thing.  Let’s study! Estudiamos nos!

Repaso: 

animal dog puppy pug
Photo by Torsten Dettlaff on Pexels.com
  1. Que’ es?

repuesta: ________________________________________________________________________________

2. De que’ color es ‘este perro?

repuesta: _________________________________________________________________________________

3. ‘Este perro es pequeno o grande?

repuesta:__________________________________________________________________________________

4.  Que’ hacen los perros?

repuesta: _______________________________________________________________________________

5.  Que’ dicen los perros?

repuesta: _________________________________________________________________________________

abc books chalk chalkboard
Photo by Pixabay on Pexels.com

6. Donde’ estan los libros?

repuesta: ________________________________________________________________________________

7.  Donde’ esta’ la tiza?

repuesta: ________________________________________________________________________________

8.  Donde’ esta’ la pizarra?

repusta: ________________________________________________________________________________

hands people woman girl
Photo by Public Domain Pictures on Pexels.com

9. Que’ hace ‘esta mujer?

repuesta: __________________________________________________________________________________

10.  Fuiste a la iglesia ayer?

repusesta:________________________________________________________________________________

Leccion:

brown horse on grass field
Photo by David Dibert on Pexels.com

Que’ es?

Es un caballo. (It is a horse.) (pronunciation of “caballo”:  kahbahyoh)

Donde’ viven los caballos? (Where do horses live?)

Los caballos viven fuera y en el granero. (The horses live outside and in the barn.) (pronunciation of “fuera”: foo-ehrah) (pronunciation of “granero”: grahnehroh)

Que’ comen los caballos?  (What do the horses eat?)

Los caballos comen hierba y heno. (The horses eat grass and hay.) (pronunciation of “hierba”:  ee-yehrbah)  (pronunciation of “heno”:  ehnoh)

Que’ hacen los caballos?  (What do the horses do?)

Los caballos andan. (The horses walk.)

Los caballos corren. (The horses run.)

Los caballos ayudan la gente. (The horses help the people.)

agriculture animal cattle close up
Photo by Pixabay on Pexels.com

Que’ es?

Es una vaca. (It is a cow.) (pronunciation of “vaca”:  bvahkah)

Donde’ vive la vaca? (Where does the cow live?)

La vaca vive fuera y en el granero. (The cow lives outside and in the barn.)

Que’ dice la vaca? (What does the cow say?)

La vaca mugir. (The cow moos.)  (pronunciation of “mugir”: moogheer)

Que’ hacen las vacas? (What do the cows do?)

Las vacas andar. (The cows walk.)

Las vacas nos dan la leche. (The cows give us milk.) (pronunciation of “nos dan la leche”: nohs dahn lah lehchay)

Cuando la vaca es comida, como se llaman?  (When the cow is meat, what do they call it?

Cuando la vaca es comida, se laman carne de vaca. (When a cow is meat, they call it beef.)

beak blur chicken close up
Photo by Pixabay on Pexels.com

Que’ es?

Es una gallina. (It is a chicken.) (pronunciation of “gallina”: gahyeenah)

Cuando la gallina es comida, como se llaman? (When the chicken is food, what do they call it?)

Cuando la gallia es comida, se llaman pollo. (When the chicken is food, they call it chicken.) (pronunciation of “pollo”:  phoyoh)

El macho es un gallo. (The male is a rooster.) (pronunciation of “macho”: mahchoh) (The pronunciation of “gallo”: gahyoh)

Donde’ viven las gallinas?  (Where do the chickens live?)

Las gallinas viven fuera y en el granero. (The chickens liven outside and in the barn.)

Que’ comen las gallinas? (What do the chicken eat?)

Los gallinas comen grano. (The chickens eat grain.)

Que’ hacen los gallinas? (What do the chickens do?)

Los gallinas nos dan los huevos. (The chickens give us eggs.)

Explicaciones:

  1.  There is a very useful verb here: “dar” (give).  Since you give “to” someone, it is very normal to have an  indirect object and a direct object with “give.”  If you remember, a direct object is the word in the sentence that answers “what”?  What do the chickens give? They give eggs. (Que’ dan los gallinas? Ellas dan los huevos.)  The direct object is “eggs” (huevos) because it answers “what.”  “Eggs” receives the direct action of the verb, so it is the direct object. Another example: I read a book. (Leyo un libro.) What do you read? (Que’ lees?) a book (un libro).  In that example, book receives the direct action and answers “what<” so “book” (libro) is the direct object.  The sentence “Los gallinas nos dan los huevos” (The chickens give us eggs.) also has an indirect object.  In Spanish, the indirect object comes before the verb. In English, the indirect object comes between the verb and the direct object.  The direct object is always directly after the verb in English, and the only thing that can come between the verb and the direct object is the indirect object. You can think of the indirect object as being able to have a silent “to” in front of it: The chicken give (to) us eggs.”  Another example of an indirect object: “She reads (to) me a book.  In this case “me” is the direct object.  Translated to Spanish: “Ella me lee un libro.” This can also be “Ella lee me un libro,” putting the indirect object after the verb and before the direct object like in English.  Our sentence, “Las gallinas nos dan los huevos” can also be changed to “Las gallinas dan nos los huevos.”  We can change the English sentence “The chickens give us eggs” by making the “us” into a prepositional phrase, “The chicken give eggs to us.”  “She reads me a book” can be changed to “She reads a book to me.”  Regardless, you need special pronouns in Spanish for the indirect objects just like you do in English.
  2.  Here are the direct object pronouns:  English: me = me (Spanish).  English: you=te (Spanish). English: him = lo or le (Spanish).  English: her= la or lo (Spanish).  English: us= nos (Spanish).  English: them = los (masculine) las (feminine) (Spanish).
  3. Here are the indirect object pronouns: English:  me=mi (Spanish pronunciation: mee). you= ti (Spanish pronunciation: tee). him= le (Spanish pronunciation: leh). her = le.  English: us = nos. Them = les.
  4. “da mi”= give me.  “me da”= gives to me. “te da” = gives to you. “da nos” (give us). “nos da” gives to us. “nos lo da” = gives it to us. “lo da mi”= give it to me. “las da mi” give them to me.  “Me las da” = gives them to me.  “lo da nos”= give it to us.
  5. Present tense of “dar” (to give):  I give= yo doy.  you give= el das.  he gives= el da. she gives= ella da. You give (formal) = usted da.  We give= damos. They give= ellos dan, ellas dan.  You guys (formal) ustedes dan.
  6. Past tense of “dar” (to give):  I gave=yo di’, you gave= tu diste, he gave= el dio’, she gave = ella dio’, we gave= nosotros dimos, they gave= ellos dieron, ellas dieron.  you guys gave (formal) = ustedes dieron.

Ejercisios:

beak blur chicken close up
Photo by Pixabay on Pexels.com
  1.  Que’ es?

repuesta: __________________________________________________________________________________

2. Te gusta comer pollo?

repuesta: _________________________________________________________________________________

3. Que’ nos da la gallina?

repuesta: _________________________________________________________________________________

4.  Que’ comen las gallinas?

repuesta: ________________________________________________________________________________

brown horse on grass field
Photo by David Dibert on Pexels.com

5. Que’ es?

repuesta: _________________________________________________________________________________

6. De que’ color es ‘esto caballo?

repuesta: _________________________________________________________________________________

7.  Donde’ vive el caballo?

repuesta: _________________________________________________________________________________

8.  Que’ hacen los caballos?

repuesta: __________________________________________________________________________________

agriculture animal cattle close up
Photo by Pixabay on Pexels.com

9. Que’ es?

repuesta: __________________________________________________________________________________

10.  Que’ comen las vacas?

repuesta:_________________________________________________________________________________

11.  Donde’ viven las vacas?

repuesta: _______________________________________________________________________________

12.  Que’ hacen las vacas?

repuesta: _______________________________________________________________________________

13.  Que’ nos dan las vacas?

repuesta: _______________________________________________________________________________

14. Te gusta beber la leche?

repuesta:_______________________________________________________________________________

15. Te gusta beber el cafe’?

repuesta: _________________________________________________________________________________

16. Te gusta beber el te’?

repuesta: __________________________________________________________________________________

17. La vaca te dio’ la leche ayer?

repuesta: __________________________________________________________________________________

18. La gallina te dio’ los huevos ayer?

repuesta:__________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

Repuestas:

Repuestas del Repaso:

  1.  Es un perro.
  2.  Es marron.
  3. ‘Este perro es pequeno.
  4. Los perros andan./ Los perros corren./ Los perros juegan.
  5. Los perros laddran.
  6. Los libros estan sobre la mesa./ Los libros estan al lado de la tiza./Los libros estan delante de la pizarra.
  7. La tiza esta’ sobre la mesa./ La tiza esta’ al lado de los libros./ La tiza esta’ delante de la pizarra.
  8. La pizarra esta’ detras de los libros./ La pizarra esta’ detras de la tiza.
  9. ‘Esta mujer ora.
  10. Si’ fui al la iglesia ayer./ No, no fui a la iglesia ayer.

 

Repuestas del Ejercisios:

  1.  Es una gallina.
  2. Si’, me gusta comer el pollo./ No, no me gusta comer el pollo.
  3. La gallina nos da los huevos.
  4. Las gallinas comen grano.
  5. Es un caballo.
  6.  Es marron.
  7.  El caballo vive fuera y en el granero.
  8.  Los cabllos andan./ Los caballos corren.
  9. Es una vaca.
  10. Las vacas comen hierba y heno.
  11.  Las vacas viven fuera y en el granero.
  12. Las vacas andan.
  13. Las vacas nos dan leche.
  14. Si’, me gusta beber la leche./ No, no me gusta beber la leche.
  15. Si’, me gusta beber el cafe’/ No, no me gusta beber el cafe’.
  16. Si’, me gusta beber el te’./ No, no me gusta beber el te’.
  17. Si’, la vaca me dio’ la leche ayer.. No, la vaca no me dio’ la leche ayer.
  18. Si’, la gallina me dio’ los huevos ayer./ No, la gallina no me dio’ los huevos ayer.

 

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