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Easy Spanish, Lesson 8, Que’ hacen los Animales? (What do the animals do?)

Hola! Como esta’ usted?  Hoy es domingo. Fuiste a la iglesia? Did you understand that? I said, “Hello! How are you? Today is Sunday. Did you go to church?”  I hope you got it without me translating.  Fui’ a dos iglesias hoy. (I went to two churches today.)  I blogged about going to church yesterday because that was where my mind was. I knew I was going to church today. I look forward to it.  However, after I did the blog, I realized there are some really basic things I really need to be teaching you that I have been thinking you need to learn.  Often, when I teach a foreign language class, I teach the names of animals, and then I teach the verbs that go with the animals, and the student learn a lot of useful information like that.  They remember the verbs easier because they associate them with animals.  For example, “Birds fly” and “fish swim.”  If you associate those together, they are easier to remember.  Any time you learn a language, you have to have ways to remember things easier.  In Spanish, a lot of words are easier to remember because they are like English words.  I have also tried to give you hints on trying to remember the verb endings. The verb endings are the hardest part of Spanish, but they don’t have to be that hard. I will continue working with you on them.  Let’s get started! Empiezamos nos!

Repaso:

person touching black two bell alarm clock
Photo by Stas Knop on Pexels.com

1. Que’ hora es?

raspuns: ___________________________________________________________________________________

2. A que’ hora comemos el desayuno?

raspuns: ___________________________________________________________________________________

3. A que’ hora comiste el desayuno hoy?

raspuns: ___________________________________________________________________________________

4. Comiste el desayuno a  un restaurante?

raspuns: __________________________________________________________________________________

5. Bebiste cafe’ a la cafeteria?

raspuns: __________________________________________________________________________________

6. Cuanto cuesta el cafe”?

raspuns: ___________________________________________________________________________________

abc books chalk chalkboard
Photo by Pixabay on Pexels.com

7.  Donde’ estan los libros?

raspuns: _________________________________________________________________________________

8. Donde’ esta’ la tiza?

raspuns:___________________________________________________________________________________

9. Donde’ esta’ la pizarra?

raspuns: ___________________________________________________________________________________

Leccion:

animal avian beak bird
Photo by Pixabay on Pexels.com

Que’ es? (What is it?)

Es un pajaro. (It is a bird.) (pronunciation of “pajaro”: pahahroh)

De que’ color es el pajaro? (What color is the bird?) (pronunciation of “color”: kohlohr)

El color de el pajaro es azul. (The color of the bird is blue.) (pronunciation of “azul”: ahsool)

Que’ hace el pajaro? (What does the bird do?) (pronunciation of “hace”: ahsay)

El pajar vola. (The bird flies.) (pronunciation of “vola”: vohlah) (Don’t forget the “v” is somewhere between a “b” and a “v.”)

Que’ come el pajaro? (What does the bird eat?)

El pajaro come el grano. (The bird eats grain.) (pronunciation of “grano”: grahnoh) (Don’t forget to trill the “r.”)

Donde’ vive el pajaro? (Where does the bird live?)

El pajaro vive en los arboles. (The bird lives in the trees.) (pronunciation of “arboles”: ahrbohlehs)

Que’ dice el pajaro? (What does the bird say?) (pronunciation of “dice”:  deesay)

El pajaro canta. (The bird sings.)

20190330_131155.jpg

Que’ es? (What is it?)

Es un pez. (It is a fish.) (pronunciation of “pez”: pehs)

Cuando un pez es comida, es un pescado. (When a fish is food, it is a fish.) (proniunciation of “pescado”: pehskahdoh)

Quen hacen los pezes? (What do fish do?) (pronunciation of “hacen”:  asehn) (“los pezes” is plural for “pez.”)

Los pezes nadan. (Fish swim.) (pronunciation of “nadan” nahdahn)

Donde’ viven los pezes? (Where do the fish live?)

Los pezes viven en el agua. (Fish live in the water.) (pronunciation of “agua”= ahgoowah)

De que’ color es el pez?  (What color is the fish?)

El color de el pez es naranja. (The color of the fish is orange.)

Que’ comen los pezes? (What do fish eat?)

El pez grande come el pez pequeno. (The big fish eats the small fish.) (pronunciation of  “grande”: grahnday”) (pronunciation of “pequeno”: pehkehnyoh) (There is a squiggly mark over the “n” in pequeno, and don’t forget to trill the “r” in grande.)

Que’ dice el pez? (What does the fish say?)

El pez no dice nada.  (The fish don’t say anything.)

animal dog puppy pug
Photo by Torsten Dettlaff on Pexels.com

Que’ es?

Es un perro. (It is a dog.) (pronunciation of “perro”: pehrroh) (Don’t forget to tril the “r.”)

Donde’ vive un perro? (What does a dog live?)

Un perro vive en el casa de un hombre. (The dog lives in a man’s house.)

El perro es un amigo de el hombre. (The dog is a friend of the man.)

De que’ color es el perro? (What color is the dog?)

El perro es marron. (The dog is brown.) (pronunciation of “marron”:  mahrrohn”)

Que’ dice el perro?  (What does the dog say?)

El perro laddra. (The dog barks.) (pronunciation of “laddra”: lahddrah)

Que’ come el perro?  (What does the dog eat?)

El perro come carne. (The dog eats meat.)

Que’ hace el perro? (What does the dog do?)

El perro es el protector de la casa. (The dog is the protector of the house.) (pronunciation of “protector”: prohtehktohr)

El perro juega con la gente. (The dogs plays with the people) (pronunciation of “juega”: hoo-aygah)

El perro anda. (The dog walks) (pronunciation of “anda”:  ahndah)

El perro corre. (The dog runs.) (pronunciation of “corre”:  kohrray)

Explicaciones:

  1.  Conjugations of “hacer” (to do):  Simple present tense:  I do= Yo hago, you do= haces, he does= el hace, she does= hace, you do (respectful) usted hace.  We do = nosotros hacemos.  They do= ellos hacen (masculine), ellas hacen (feminine).  You guys do (formal)= ustedes hacen.  Simple past tense:  I did: You hice. You did= hiciste. He did= el hizo. She did= ella hizo. You did (respectful)= usted hizo.  We did= hicimos. They did= ellos hicieron (maculine), ellas hicieron (feminine). You guys did (formal)= ustedes hicieron.
  2. Conjugations of “volar” (to fly):  Simple present tense:  I fly= Yo volo, You fly = tu volas. He flies= el vola. She flies = ella vola.  You fly (respectful) = usted vola.  We fly= nosotros volamos.  They fly= ellos volan (masculine), ellas volan (feminine).  You guys fly (respectful) = ustedes volan.  Simple past tense:  I flew = yo vole’. You flew= tu volaste. He flew = el volo’. She flew= ella volo’. You flew (respectful)= usted volo’.  We flew= nosotros volamos.  They flew= ellos volaron (masculine), ellas volaron (feminine).  You guys flew= ustedes volaron.
  3. Conjugations of “nadar” (to swim): Simple present tense:  I swim= Yo nado. You swim= tu nadas.  He swims= el nada. She swims= ella nada. You swim (formal)= usted nada. We swim= nosotros nadamos.  They swim=ellos nadan (masculine), ellas nadan (feminine). You guys swim (formal)= ustedes nadan.  Simple past tense:  I swam = Yo nade’. You swam = tu nadaste.  He swam= el nado’. She swam= ella nado’.  You swam (formal) =usted nado’ We swam = nosotros nadamos.  They swam= ellos nadaron (masculine), ellas nadaron (feminine).  You guys swam (formal) = ustedes nadaron.
  4. Conjugations of “decir” (to say):  Simple present tense:  I say = Yo digo. You say = ti dices.  He says = el dice.  She says= ella dice.  You say (formal)= usted dice. We say= nosotros decimos. They say= ellos dicen(masculine), ellas dicen (feminine).  You guys say (formal)= ustedes dicen.  Simple past tense:  I said= Yo dije’. You said= tu diciste. He said= el digo’, she said= ella digo’. You said (formal) = ustedes digo’.  We said= nosotros dijimos. They said= ellos dicieron (masculine), ellas dicieron (feminine). You guys said (formal) = ustedes dicieron.
  5. Conjugations of “laddrar” (to bark).  Actually, you won’t need them all because you never bark, so I will just tell you the useful ones:  he barks= el laddra, she barks= ella laddra.  They bark= ellos laddran, ellas laddran. he barked= el laddro’, she barked= ella laddro’.  They barked= ellos ladraron, ellas laddaron.
  6. Conjugations of “jugar” (to play):  I play= Yo juego.  You play= el juegas. he plays= el juega. She plays=ella juega. You play (formal) = usted juega.  We play= nosotros jugamos. They play= ellos juegan (masculine), ellas juegan (feminine), you guys play (formal) ustedes juegan.
  7. Conjugations of “andar” (to walk):  I walk = yo ando. you walk= tu andas, he walks = el anda, she walks=ella anda, you walk (formal) = usted anda.  We walk= nosotros andamos. They walk = ellos andan, ellas andan. You guys (formal) walk= usted andan. simple past tense:  I walked = Yo anduve’, you walked= tu andaste, he walked= el anduvo’, she walked= ella anduvo’, you (formal) walked =usted anduvo’. We walked = nosotros anduvimos.  They walked= ellos andaron, ellas andaron. You guys walked (formal) = ustedes andaron.
  8. Conjugations of “correr”(to run):  I run= yo corro. You run=tu corres. He runs= el corre. She runs = ella corre. You run (formal) = usted corre.  We run = nosotros corremos.  They run= ellos, ellas corren. You guys (formal) run= ustedes corren. simple past tense:  I ran =  yo corre’, you ran = tu corriste, he ran= el corro’, she ran=ella corr’. You ran (formal)= usted corro’. We ran = nosotros corremos. They ran =  ellos, ellas, corrieron.  You guys ran (formal): ustestes corrieron.
  9. Don’t worry about it if you think this is a lot to learn for the verbs. You don’t have to learn it all right now.  It is just presented here.  When we talk about other animals, you will use these verbs more. Remember where these verbs were conjugated for you so you can go back and look if you forgot.
  10.  “El pez no dice nada.” is literally “The fish don’t say nothing,” but that is grammatically incorrect in English.  It is called a double negative.  In Spanish, a double negative is completely acceptable.  “no dice”= he doesn’t say, and “nada”= nothing.

Ejercisios:

20190330_131155.jpg

1.  Que’ es?

repuesta: _________________________________________________________________________________

2. Donde’ vive el pez?

repuesta: _________________________________________________________________________________

3. Que’ hace el pez?

repuesta: _________________________________________________________________________________

4. Que’ dice el pez?

repuesta: _________________________________________________________________________________

animal dog puppy pug
Photo by Torsten Dettlaff on Pexels.com

5. Que’ es?

repuesta: __________________________________________________________________________________

6.  Que’ dice el perro?

repuesta: _________________________________________________________________________________

7.  Que’ come el perro?

repuesta:_________________________________________________________________________________

animal avian beak bird
Photo by Pixabay on Pexels.com

8. Que’ es?

repuesta: _________________________________________________________________________________

9.  Que’ hace el pajaro?

repuesta: __________________________________________________________________________________

10. Que’ dice el pajaro?

repuesta: _________________________________________________________________________________

11. Donde’ viven los pajaros?

repuesta: __________________________________________________________________________________

person swimming on body of water
Photo by Guduru Ajay bhargav on Pexels.com

12. Que’ hace el hombre?

repusta: __________________________________________________________________________________

12. Donde’ esta’ el hombre?

repuesta: ________________________________________________________________________________

13. El hombre vive en el aqua?

repuesta: ________________________________________________________________________________

selective focus photography of orange tabby cat
Photo by EVG photos on Pexels.com

14. Que’ es?

repuesta: _________________________________________________________________________________

15. Donde’ vive el gato?

repuesta: __________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

Repuestas:

Repuestas de el Repaso:

  1.  Es la hora ocho.
  2. Nosotros comemos el desayuno a la ocho por la manana.
  3. Yo come’ el desayuno a la ocho por la manana hoy.
  4. No, no come’ el desayuno en un restaurante hoy.
  5. No, no bebe’ el cafe’ en una cafeteria hoy./ Si, bebe’ el cafe’ en una cafeteria hoy.
  6. No lo se./ Un cafe’ cuesta diez pesos.
  7. Los libros estan sobre la mesa./ Los libros estan al lado de la tiza./ Los libros estan delante de la pizarro.
  8. La tiza esta’ sobre la mesa./ La tiza esta’ a lado de los libros./ La tiza esta’ delante de la pizarra.
  9. La pizarra esta’ detras de la mesa./ La pizarra esta’ detras de la mesa.

Repuestas de el Ejercisio:

  1.  Es un pez.
  2. El pez vive en la agua.
  3. El pez nada.
  4. El pez no dice nada.
  5. Es un perro.
  6. El perro laddra.
  7. El perro come carne.
  8. Es un pajaro.
  9. El pajaro vola.
  10. Los pajaros viven en los arboles.
  11. El hombre nada.
  12. El hombre esta’ en el agua.
  13. No, el hombre no vive en le agua.
  14. Es un gato.
  15. El gato vive en la casa de el homre.

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