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Easy Spanish, Lesson 5,”Cuanto Cuesta?” (“How much does it cost?”)

Buenos Dias! Como esta usted?  Surely by now, you know what that means. This morning, I greeted my Korean son in law in Spanish, and he answered back correctly, so he is getting it.  Last night after he came home from work, I counted to ten with him in Spanish.  I know it isn’t easy to get it just from the blogs, but he feels the need for the blog even when I help him, and I know the blog helps. If you know someone who speaks a little Spanish or a lot, use the Spanish you study on them.  On the last Spanish blog, I taught numbers and how to tell time, but there is more to telling time with numbers.  Many Americans like to know a little Spanish because they like to cross over into Mexico on vacation or just go into a border town on the other side to see.  They need to know how to ask how much it costs and how to change dollars for pesos.  A note on the side, I learned many years ago that you can also jew them down in Mexico to try to keep the prices fair, so I will show you in this blog how to do it.  I know my Korean son in law wants to visit Mexico when he goes to America, and probably many of you do too.  Be careful. There are lots of rules to stay out of trouble if you go to Mexico, and maybe I should blog about those for you too.  Today, I will teach you how to ask how much it costs and how to change from dollars to pesos. Let’s study! Estudiamos nos!

Repaso:

analogue black and white black and white clock
Photo by Thomas Brenac on Pexels.com
  1. Que’ hora es?

repuesta:________________________________________________________________________________

2.  A que’ comemos por la manana?

repuesta:________________________________________________________________________________

nature red girl model
Photo by Pixabay on Pexels.com

3. Que’ es?

repuesta: __________________________________________________________________________________

4. Que’ esta al lado de la nina?

repuesta: __________________________________________________________________________________

pexels-photo-1537268.jpeg
Photo by Stas Knop on Pexels.com

5.  Que’ hora es?

repuesta: ___________________________________________________________________________________

6. A que’ hora vamos a la cafeteria?

repuesta: _________________________________________________________________________________

abc books chalk chalkboard
Photo by Pixabay on Pexels.com

7. Donde’ estan los libros?

repuesta: __________________________________________________________________________________

8.  Donde’ esta’ la tiza?

repuesta:__________________________________________________________________________________

9.  Donde’ esta’ la pizarra?

repuesta: __________________________________________________________________________________

man in black and white polo shirt beside writing board
Photo by Pixabay on Pexels.com

10. Donde’ esta el maestro?

repuesta: __________________________________________________________________________________

11. Eres un estudiante?

reusesta:__________________________________________________________________________________

12. Te gusta estudiar?

repuesta: __________________________________________________________________________________

(estudiar= to study)

Leccion:

empty gray metal shopping card near assorted plastic bottles
Photo by Fancycrave.com on Pexels.com

Vamanos la tienda. (Let’s go to the store.) (pronunciation:  vahmahnohs lah tee-ehndah) (Don’t forget that the “v” is somewhere between a “v” and a “b.”)

Vamanos de compras. (Let’s go shopping.) (pronunciation of “de compras”:  day kohmprahs)

Que’ quieres comprar? (What do you want to buy?) (pronunciation: kay kee-yehrehs  kohmprahr.) (Don’t forget to trill the “r.”)

Quiero comprar comida. (I want to buy food.) (pronunciation of “comida”: kohmeedah)

Quiero comprar un recuerdo de Mexico. (I want to buy a souvenir of Mexico.) (pronunciation of “recuerdo”: raykoo-ehrdoh)

man s black blazer and brown traditional hat
Photo by Pixabay on Pexels.com

Cuanto cuesta una sombrero? (How much does a Mexican hat cost?) (pronunciation:  koo-wahntoh koo-ehstoh oonah sohmbrehroh)

Cuesta diez pesos, (It costs ten pesos.)

Es muy caro. (It is very expensive.) (pronunciation: ehs moo-ee kahroh)

Te doy cinco pesos. (I give you five pesos.) (pronunciation of “te doy”:  tay doh-ee)

Puedes pagar nueve pesos. (You can pay nine pesos.) (pronunciation: pwehdehs pahgahr noo-ehvay paysohs)

Te doy seis pesos. (I give you six pesos.)

Como esta’ ocho pesos? (How is eight pesos?)

Te doy siete pesos. (I give you seven pesos.)

Bien, puedes pagar siete pesos. (Fine, you can pay seven pesos.)

money calculator cents coins
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Donde’ esta’ la casa de cambiar? (Where is the place to change money?) (pronunciation of “casa de cambiar”: kahsah day kahmbee-ahr) (“Casa de cambiar” literally means “House of change.” It is a kind of business in Mexico, especially at the border towns where you can change your money.)

Quiero cambiar dolares para pesos. (I want to change dollars for pesos.) (pronunciation of “dolares para”: dohlahrays pahrah)

Cuanto quieres de cambiar? (How much do you want to change?)

Quiero cambiar cien dolares para pesos. (I want to change one hundred dollars for pesos.)

Gracias. (thank you) (pronunciation: grahsee-ahs)

Explicaciones:

  1.  There is a new “ar” verb here: comprar (to buy).  It is a regular verb, so if you memorize the endings, then all the other regular “ar” verbs you encounter will have the same endings. I buy = yo compro, compro.  You buy = tu compras, compras.  He buys= el compra, compar.  She buys= ella compra, compra.  You buy (formal)= usted compra.  We buy= nosotros compramos, compramos.  They buy (masucline)= ellos compran. They buy (feminine)= ellas compran.  You guys buy (formal)= ustedes comran.  If you want to say shopping, say “de compras.”
  2. Another important verb here is “querer” (to want).  It is an irregular “er” verb, and it is important because it is used a lot. Here is how you conjugate it in simple present tense:  I want= yo quiero.  You want=tu quieres. He wants = el quiere. She wants = ella quiere.  You want (formal)= usted quiere.  We want= nosotros queremos, queremos.  They want (masculine)= ellos quieren. They want (feminine) = ellas quieren.  You guys want (formal) = ustedes quieren.
  3. If you want to use one verb after another, the second one is not conjugated.  An example is: quiero comprar= I want to buy.  quiero comer= I want to eat. quiero beber= I want to drink. quiero ir= I want to go.  Quieres ir= You want to go, and if you want to make it a question, just put the proper voice inflection for a question. You don’t have to change the word order.  Quieres beber un cafe? = Do you want to drink coffee?  Quieres comer pan? = Do you want to eat bread? Quieres comprar uno recuerdo?= Do you want to buy a souvenier? Si’, quiero comprar uno recuerdo. = Yes, I want to buy a souvenier. If you learn to conjugate “querer,” is a good beginning because you don’t have to conjugate the verb you use after it.
  4. Now that you have the word “recuerdo” (souvenier), it is time to learn the word for remember in Spanish.  It is easy if you know “recuerdo.”  To remember is “recordar” like in English “to record.”  To conjugate “recordar” in simple present tense:  I remember: yo recuerdo. You remember: tu recuerdas. He remembers: el recuerde. She remembers: ella recuerde.  You remember (formal):  usted recuerde.  We remember: nosotros recordamos.  They remember: ellos recuerden (masculine).  They remember: ellas recuerden (feminine).  You guys remember (formal):  ustedes recuerden.  If you notice, the only place that “recordar” keeps the “o” in the middle and doesn’t change to “ue” is after “nosotros”: nosotros recordamos.  In each irregular verb, that is the place that the verb uses the regular form.
  5. You also have the verb “dar” (to give).  This verb is irregular.  To conjugate it in simple present tense: I give= yo doy. You give = tu das. He gives= el da. She gives= ella da. You give (formal)= usted da. We give= nosotros damos. They give = ellos dan (masculine), ellas dan (feminine).  You guys give (formal)= ustedes dan.  If you want to request someone to give you something say, “da mi”= give me.  If you want to say you are giving something to a person say, “te doy”= I give you.
  6. We also have “pagar” here, a regular “ar” verb meaning “to pay.”  I pay= Yo pago. You pay = tu pagas. He pays= el paga. She pays= ella paga. You pay (formal)= usted paga.  We pay = nosotros pagamos. They pay= ellos pagan (mascuine), ellas pagan (feminine).  You guys pay (formal)= ustedes pagan. If you know the endings of the regular “ar” verbs, this should be easy to conjugate.
  7. Another verb here is “cambiar” (to change).  It is a regular “ar” verb. To conjugate it, use the endings that are used on other regular “ar” verbs:  I change: Yo cambio. You change= tu cambias.  El cambia=he changes.  She changes = Ella cambia. You change (formal)= usted cambia.  We change= nosotros cambiamos.  They change = ellos cambian (masculine), ellas cambian (feminine).  You guys change (formal)= ustedes cambian.
  8. “o” = or.
  9.  Besides “querer,” there is another verb in this lesson that can be conjugated and then the infinitive form of the verb used after it: “poder” (to be able to, or can). I can, or I am able to= Yo puedo. You can, or you are able to= tu puedes.  He can or he is able to= el puede. She can or she is able to= ella puede. You can or you are able to (formal) = usted puede. We can or we are able to= nosotros podemos. They can or they are able to= ellos pueden (masculine), ellas pueden (feminine).  You guys can or you guys are able to (formal) = ustedes pueden.  If you want to add an infinitive after this verb, just do it.  Puedo ir= I can go.  Puedes comer= you can eat.  Puede comprar= he or she can buy.  Usted puede beber cafe’= You (formal) can drink coffee.  Podemos ir a la tienda. = We can go to the store.  Ellos pueden ir a la Mexico. = They (masculine) can go to Mexico.  Ellas pueden comer tortillas. = They (feminine) can eat tortilla.  Ustedes pueden estudiar. = You guys can study (formal).  “Puede” can also be used as “maybe,”

Exercisios: (Exercises)

empty gray metal shopping card near assorted plastic bottles
Photo by Fancycrave.com on Pexels.com
  1. A Donde’ quieres ir?

respuesta: ___________________________________________________________________________

2. Quieres ir a la tienda?

repuesta: ______________________________________________________________________________

3.  Que’ quieres comprar?

repuesa: _______________________________________________________________________________

4. Comida es caro?

repuesta:  _______________________________________________________________________________

man s black blazer and brown traditional hat
Photo by Pixabay on Pexels.com

5.  Cuanto cuesta una sombrero?

repuesta: _________________________________________________________________________________

6.  Quieres comprar un sombrero?

repuesta: __________________________________________________________________________________

7.  Quieres un recuero de Mexico?

repuesta: __________________________________________________________________________________

money calculator cents coins
Photo by Pixabay on Pexels.com

8. Quieres ir a la casa de cambiar?

repuesto: __________________________________________________________________________________

9.  Cuanto quieres cambiar?

repuesto:__________________________________________________________________________________

10. Quieres dolares o pesos?

repuesto: __________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

Repuestas:

Repuestas de el Repaso:

  1.  Es la hora ocho y media.
  2.  Comemos desayuno por la manana./ Comemos cereal con leche por la manana./ Comemos huevos por la manana. /Comemos pan con mantequilla por la manana.
  3. Es una nina./ Es una muchacha.
  4.  El gato esta al lado de la nina.
  5. La hora es dos y doce minutos.
  6. Vamos a la cafeteria a la dos y doce.
  7. Los libros estan sobre la mesa./ Los libros estan delante de la pizarra./ Los libros estan al lado de la tiza.
  8. La tiza esta’ al lado de los libros. / La tiza esta’ sobre la mesa./ La tiza esta’ delante de la pizarra.
  9. La pizarra esta’ detras de los libros./ La pizarra esta’ detras de la mesa.
  10. El maestro esta’ delante de la pizarra.
  11. Si’, soy un estudiante./ No, no soy un estudiante.
  12. Si, me gusta estudiar./ No, no me gusta estudiar.

Las Repuestas de los Exercisios:

  1.  Quiero ir a la tienda./ Quiero ir de compras./ Quiero ir a la casa de cambiar./ Quiero ir a mi casa./ Quiero ir a la escuela. (escuela= school)
  2. Si’, quiero ir a la tienda./ No, no quiero ir a la tienda.
  3. Quiero comprar comida./ Quiero comprar un recuerdo./ Quiero comprar una taco./ Quiero comprar tortillas./ Quiero comprar pan./ Quiero comprar un libro.
  4. Si’ comida es caro./ No, comida no es caro.
  5. Un sombrero cuesta cinco pesos.
  6. Si’, quiero comprar un sombrero./ No, no quiero comprar un sombrero.
  7. Si’, quiero un recuerdo de Mexico./ No, no quiero un recuerdo de Mexico.
  8. Si’, quiero ir a la casa de cambiar./ No, no quiero ir a la casa de cambiar.
  9. Quiero cambiar cien dolares./ Quiero cambiar veinte dolares./ Quiero cambiar cincuenta dolares.
  10. Quiero dolares./ Quiero pesos.

 

 

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