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Easy Spanish, Lesson 2, “Te gusta cafe’?” “Do you like coffee?”

Hola! Como esta usted?  If you don’t understand that, go back to the first lesson.  One thing I haven’t mentioned is that in Spanish, they actually have two question marks, an upside down one at the beginning of the question, and a regular one at the end.  I just don’t have a key that will give me an upside down question mark, so I leave it out.  Spanish also has a lot of accent marks that I can’t give you with my key board.  The Spanish in my lessons is not made for you to use in college papers, but to speak. Speaking Spanish can be fun. Don’t worry about the extra marks. Just worry about speaking. If you want to learn the marks, do it after you learn to speak. Speaking is most important.  I have a set of discs I listen to in my car, and along with classic American rock, there are some Spanish songs too.  Freddy Fender sang a lot of bi-lingual songs with both English and Spanish if you want to listen to his music.  Even people who don’t speak Spanish think my songs are neat, and they are singing along to “Para Bailar la Bamba” and “Eres Tu,” but they have no idea what they are saying and ask me to explain it.  When I was teaching Spanish, a Mexican student came up with a version of “Felice Navidad” for us that was hilarious!  He sang this instead of “Felice Navidad! Felice Navidad! Prospero ano felicidad!”:  “The police stole my car! The police stole my car! Prospero ano felicidad!”  There are a lot of Spanish language videos on You Tube. If you play with a language, it is more fun to learn. In that class, we got out Monopoly. I put all the cards into Spanish for my students, and when they played, they were only allowed to speak Spanish.  They were enjoying themselves and learning.  It helps when you read in a foreign language to read it out loud and to write it.  It is more fun if you try to say it too. Let’s study!  Estudiamos nos!

Review:

man and woman shaking hands
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  1. Hola!

answer: _____________________________________

2.  Como estas?

answer: ______________________________________________________________

3.  Como esta usted?

answer: _________________________________________________________________________________

4. Donde vive usted?

answer: ____________________________________________________________________________

Lesson:

Breakfast/ Desayuno

cafe caffeine cappuccino close up
Photo by Aphiwat chuangchoem on Pexels.com

Es la manana. (It is morning.) (pronunciation:  ehs lah manyahnah) (Usually, that “n” would have squiggly mark over it, but there is no “n” with a squiggly mark on my computer keyboard.”

Buenos Dias. (Good day./ Good morning.) (pronunciation:  boo-ehnohs dee-ahs)

Como esta usted?

Bebes cafe’ o te por la manana? (Do you drink coffee or tea in the morning?)  (pronunciation:  behbehs kafay oh teh pohr lah manyahnah)

Te gusta azucar con cafe? (Do you like sugar with coffee?) (pronunciation of “te gusta azucar” tay goostah ahzookahr) (There are often accents when you usually see Spanish written, but I am using an English keyboard, so you aren’t seeing any accents.  “azucar” had an accent over the “u,” and “cafe” has one over the “e.” If there is an accent on a word, it means that part of the word is given more emphasis when you pronounce it.)

Bebes agua por la manana? (Do you drink water in the morning? (pronunciation of “agua”: ahgoo-wah)

Bebes jugo por la manana? (Do you drink juice in the morning?) (pronunciation of “jugo”: hoogoh)

food coffee breakfast
Photo by Julian Jagtenberg on Pexels.com

 

Que’ comes por la manana? (What do you eat in the morning?) (pronunciation of “que comes”: kay kohmehs)

Comes pan con mantequilla? (Do you eat bread with butter?) (pronunciation:  Kohmehs pahn cohn mahntehkeeyah)

Comes huevos? (Do you eat eggs?) (pronunciation of “huevos”: oo-ehvohs)

Comes cereal con leche? (Do you eat cereal with milk?) (pronunciation of “cereal con leche”: sehrehahl cohn lehchay)

En Mexico, ellos comen tortillas y fasole con huevos por la manana. (In Mexico, they eat torillas and beans with eggs in the morning.)  (pronunciation of “tortillas y fasole”: tohrtee-yahs ee fahsohlay) (pronunciation of “Mexico”:  meh-heekoh)

Te gusta huevos? (Do you like eggs?)

Te gusta comida Mexicana? (Do you like Mexican food?) (pronunciation of “comida Mexicana”: kohmeedah meh-heekahna)

Explanations:

  1.  “Beber” (to drink) and “comer” are both “-er” verbs, and they are regular which means that if you memorize the endings on these “-er” verbs, you know the endings of regular present tense “-er” verbs.                                                                     Conjugation of “beber”:  I drink= Yo bebo, or bebo, you drink =,tu bebes, or bebes, he drinks= el bebe,or bebe, she drinks = ella bebe, or bebe, you drink (formal) = usted bebe, we drink = nosotros bebemos, or bebemos, they drink (masculine) = ellos beben, they drink (feminine)= ellas beben, You guy drink (formal) = ustedes beben.                                                                                                                                        Conjugation of “comer”: I eat= Yo como, or como, you eat= tu comes, or comes, he eats= el come, or come, she eats= ella come, or come, we eat= nosotros comemos, or comemos, they eat (masculine)= ellos comen, they eat (feminine) = ellas comen, you guys eat (formal) = ustedes comen.—–remember that there is no silent “e” in Spanish.  Pronounce that “e” as “eh” or “ay.”
  2. The word “por” can mean many things.  In this case, it is part of a phrase, and “por la manana” means “in the morning.” However, it can also mean “for,” ” because of,” “in order to,” “by,” etc. “por Abril” = in April. “por la tarde” = in the afternoon. “por la noche” = at night.
  3. The word “manana” has two meanings. It means “morning,” but it also means “tomorrow.”
  4. “La” means “the” (feminine).  Nouns that end with “a” are feminine.  They need feminine adjectives and feminine articles.  “La” is a feminine article.  If you have a noun ending in “o,” it is masculine.  Masculine nouns take the article “el” meaning “the.”  “La” and “el” are used with singular nouns. If the nouns are plural, use “los” with masculine plural nouns. Use “las” with feminine plural nouns.  If a noun is plural, put “s” on the end.
  5. “gustar” is a reflexive verb.  It means “is pleasing”  “Me gusta” means “I like it” or “it is pleasing to me.” “Te gusta” means “you like it” or “it is pleasing to you.”  You also have “le gusta” and “se gusta” which are “he likes it” or “she likes it.”  “Nos gusta” means “it is pleasing to us” or “we like it.”  “Los gusta” = “it is pleasing to them” or “they like it.”
  6. If you use an adjective, it must come after the noun, not before like in English.  “Comida” means “food.”  It is a feminine noun because it ends in “a.”  To add the adjective to it, you must use a feminine adjective and put it after “comida”: comida Mexicana (Mexican food).
  7. “Yes” in Spanish is “si’,” and “no” is “no.”

Exercises:

20190320_134101-1262556671.jpg

  1. Te gusta huevos?

answer: _________________________________________________________________________

2. Comes huevos por la manana?

answer: ______________________________________________________________________________

baked bread
Photo by Mariana Kurnyk on Pexels.com

3. Comes pan por la manana?

answer: _____________________________________________________________________________

lunch
Photo by Kaboompics .com on Pexels.com

4. Comes tortillas por la manana?

answer: _________________________________________________________________________________

bowl breakfast cereal cereal bowl
Photo by Foodie Factor on Pexels.com

5. Comes cereal con leche por la manana?

answer: __________________________________________________________________________________

6. Bebes jugo por la manana?

answer: ___________________________________________________________________________________

white ceramic teacup on saucer with brown liquid
Photo by rawpixel.com on Pexels.com

7. Bebes te’ por la manana?

answer: ___________________________________________________________________________________

8. Te gusta azucar con te’?

answer: _________________________________________________________________________________

9. Te gusta leche con te’?

answer: _________________________________________________________________________________

woman in grey jacket sits on bed uses grey laptop
Photo by bruce mars on Pexels.com

10. Bebes cafe’ por la manana?

answer: __________________________________________________________________________________

11. Te gusta cafe’ con leche?

answer: _________________________________________________________________________________

12. Te gusta cafe’ con azucar?

answer: __________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

Answers:

Review Answers:

  1.  Hola!
  2. Muy bien gracias, y tu?/ No muy bien.
  3. Muy bien gracias, y usted?
  4. Vivo en Corea de Sur./ Vivo en America./ Vivo en Mexico.

Exercise Answers:

  1.  Si’, me gusta los huevos./ No, no me gusta los huevos.
  2.  Si’, como los huevos por la manana./ No, no como los huevos por la manana.
  3.  Si’, como pan por la manana./ No, no como pan por la manana.
  4.  Si’, como tortillas por la manana./ No, no como tortillas por la manana.
  5.  Si’, como cereal con leche por la manana./ No, no como cereal con leche por la manana.
  6.  Si’, bebo jugo por la manana./ No, no bebo jugo por la manana.
  7.  Si’, bebo te’ por la manana./ No, no bebo te’ por la manana.
  8.  Si’, me gusta azucar con te’ por la manana./ No, no me gusta azucar con te’ por la manana.
  9.  Si’, me gusta leche con te’ por la manana./ No, no me gusta leche con te’ por la manana.
  10.  Si’, bebo cafe’ por la manana./ No, no bebo cafe’ por la manana.
  11. Si’, me gusta cafe’ con leche./ No, no me gusta cafe’ con leche.
  12.  Si’, me gusta cafe’ con azucar./ No, no me gusta cafe’ con azucar.___________________________________________________________________________________*  Sometimes, the marks can tell a difference in the meaning when you write it.  I always add the (‘) to “si'” because “si” without the mark means “if.” You should also note that “te'” means “tea,” and “te” without the mark means “you” (direct object).)

*I also taught you “estar” in the last lesson, and “esta'” (with the accent mark at the end) needs an accent mark to mean “he is, she is, or you (formal) are).  If you put the accent mark at the beginning: ” ‘esta” it mans “this,” and ” estas”= you are, but ” ‘estas” (with an accent mark at the beginning) means “those” (feminine), and ” ‘estos” means “those” (masculine).  There is also a difference in the pronunciation.  Put the emphasis where the mark is, and you will pronounce it right and be understood better.

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