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Limba Romana, Lectia 10, Traveling, Weddings, and Time Past (Calatorie, Nuntele, si Timpul Trecut

Buna Ziua. Ce mai faci? Let’s continue. It is the only way for you to learn to speak Romanian.  When you learn a language, you need to think about what your motivation is.  If you have a good motivation, you will go ahead and learn a lot. If you don’t have motivation, it becomes a chore.  They say that learning to speak a language is 99% motivation.  I learned to speak Romanian because I love God and I love the Romanian people. I wanted to get to know the Romanians who couldn’t speak English.  I wanted to do what I could for the Romanians because I was there right after the revolution and saw how hard things were and that they needed people to care.  If you want to understand a little of my motivation of why I learned Romanian, you can read my book “Escaping Communism”  by Ronda Everson. You can find it on Amazon.  Things are different in Romania now than they were then.  I am glad I speak Romanian because I really enjoy getting together with my Romanian friends an keeping in touch with Romanians who are still in Romania or in another country, and many of them travel.  What is your motivation?  When we learn a language, we have to think about why, and if our “why” is strong enough, we will learn it.  Let’s do Romanian!  Hai sa facem limba romana.

Trecele in Revista:

european-rabbits-bunnies-grass-wildlife.jpg
Photo by Pixabay on Pexels.com
  1.  Ce sunt aceastele?

raspuns: ___________________________________________________________________________________

2.  Ce mananc ieperasele?

raspuns: ___________________________________________________________________________________

3. Cati ieperasele sunt?

raspuns: ___________________________________________________________________________________

4.  Unde sunt ieperasele aceastele?

raspuns: ___________________________________________________________________________________

5.  Cand vine ieperasele?

raspuns: ___________________________________________________________________________________

blue bmw sedan near green lawn grass
Photo by Mikes Photos on Pexels.com

 

6.  Ce este aceastea?

raspuns: ___________________________________________________________________________________

7.  Poti sa conduca o masina?

raspuns: ___________________________________________________________________________________

8.  Unde conduci o masina?

raspuns: ___________________________________________________________________________________

Lectia:

Traveling, Weddings, and Time Past/ Calatorie, Nuntele, si Timpul Trecut

man walks beside train
Photo by Johann on Pexels.com

Acest este un tren. (This is a train.) (pronunciation of “tren”: trehn)

In Romania, daca mergi de un orasi la cele alte, mergi pe tren. (In Romania, if you go from one city to another, you go by train.) (pronunciation of “orasi”: orahsh) (pronunciation of “cele alte”: chehleh ahltay)

Dace vrei sa mergi pe trenul, mergi la statia. (If you want to go by train, go to the station.) (pronunciation of “statia”: stahtsee-ah)

Intotdeauna, cand am vrut sa mearga la Bucharest, am mers cu trenul. (Always, when I wanted to go to Bucharest, I went by train.) (pronunciation of “intodeauna” : eentohtday-oonah) (pronunciation of “am vrut”: ahm vroot) (pronunciation of “Bucharest”: Bookahrehsht) (pronunciation of “cu”: koo)

Cand merg cu trenul, trebuie sa cupara un bilet. (When you go by train, you must buy a ticket.) (pronunciation of “trebuie”: trehbooyay) (pronunciation of “bilet”: beeleht)

Iti place sa calatoresti? (Do you like to travel?) (pronunciation of “calatoresti”:  kahlahtorehsht)

Hai sa mergem in calatorie. (Let’s go on a trip.) (pronunciation of “calatorie”:  kahlahtoree-ah)

Unde vrei sa mearga? (Where do you want to go?) (pronunciation of “vrei”: vray)

20190316_170046-1230565387.jpg

Hai sa mergem in Corea. (Let’s go to Korea.) (pronunciation of “Corea”: Koray-ah)

Iti place rochie de femei din Corea? (do you like the dresses of Korean women?) (pronunciation of “rochie”: rohkee-eh)

Mireasa din Corea si China se imbrac cu rochie rosu in timpul de nunta. (Brides from Korea and China wear a red dress in the time of the wedding.) (pronunciation of “China”: Keenah) (pronunciation of “imbrac”:  eembrahk) (pronunciation of “timpul”: teempool) (pronunciation of “nunta”:  noontah) (pronunciation of “mireasa”: meereh-ahsah)

Acum eu locuiesc in Corea. (Now, I live in Korea.) (pronunciation of “locuiesc”: lohkooyesk)

In trecutul, am locuit in Romania. (In the past, I lived in Romania.) (pronunciation of “trecutul”: trehkootool) (pronunciation of “am locuit”: ahm lohkoo-eet)

Explicatie:

  1.  “Cele alta” = the other. “Cele alte” = the others.
  2.  “a vrea” = “to want.”  Simple present tense:  I want= eu vreau, you want= tu vrei, he wants = el vrea, she wants= ea vrea, we want = noi vrem, you guys want = voi vreti, they want = ei vor.
  3. Simple past tense of “a vrea”:  I wanted: eu am vrut, you wanted= tu ai vrut, he wanted= el a vrut, she wanted= ea a vrut, we wanted= noi am vrut, you guys wanted= voi ati vrut, they wanted= ei au vrut. Look at the past tense.  You already know the pronouns. If you look at the first part of the verb, it is almost the same as “a avea” = to have:  I have= eu am, you have= tu ai, he has= el are, she has = ea are, we have = noi avem, you guys have = voi aveti, they have = ei au, but the past tense is slightly easier with “he and she.”  If you learn to conjugate “a avea” (to have) in simple present tense, it is the key to past tense.  After you know that part, you only have to learn one form to put on the end to make any past tense, and in this case, it is “vrut.”
  4. Past tense of “a merge” (to go) is:  I went = am mers, you went= ai mers, he, she went= a mers, we went= am mers, you guys went= ati mers, they went= au mers.
  5. “to be” (a fi) simple present tense: I am=eu sunt, you are= tu esti, he is= el este, she is= ea este, we are=ei sunt, you guys are = voi sunteti, they are =ei sunt.  You can simplify “este” to “e” (pronunciation: eh).  If you want to make this in past tense: I was = am fost, you were= ai fost, he was= a fost, she was= a fost, we were= am fost, you guys were= ati fost, they were= au fost. “I was in Romania” = Am fost in Romania. When Romanians want to say they went to a country, they say they were in a country: “I went to America.”= “Am fost in America.”
  6. “Se imbraca” (to dress) is another reflexive verb. When you want to say, “I dress,” you literally say “I dress myself.” I dress myelf= ma imbrac, you dress yourself= te imbraci, he dresses himself= il imbraca, she dresses herself = ii imbraca, we dress ourselves = ne imbracam, You guys dress yourselves = vei imbracati, they dress themselves = se imbrac.  I you want to say, “She dresses the child’: Ea il imbraca pe copilul.” If the child is a girl, you say: “Ea ii imbraca pe copila.”
  7. Past tense of “se imbraca” (to dress) is “I dressed” = ma am imbracat (or more commonly used, m-am imbracat), “you dressed” = te am imbracat, “he dressed” = il a imbracat, she dressed= ii a imbracat, we dressed = ne am imbracat, you guys dressed= veti imbracat, they dressed = se au imbracat.
  8. “a locui” (to live in a place). Simple present tense:  I live = eu locuiesc, you live= tu locuesti, he lives = el locuieste, she lives = ea locuieste, we live = noi locuim, you guys live = voi locuiti, they live = ei locuiesc.  (the “s” in this verb is pronunced like “sh.” ) Simple past tense:  I lived: eu am locuit, you lived= tu ai locuit, he lived= el a locuit, she lived= ea a locuit, we lived = noi am locuit, you guys lived = voi ati locuit, they lived = ei au locuit.
  9. Since I have presented “a locui” (to live in a place), you should know there is another verb in Romanian for “to live.”  “I want to live.” = “Vreau sa traiesc.”  “I want to live in Romania.” = ” Vreau sa locuiesc in Romania.”  I live a wonderful life.= Traiesc o viata minunata. You live a wonderful life.= To traiesti o viata minunata. He lives a wonderful life. = El traieste o viata minunata. Sje lves a wonderful life. = Ea traieste o viata minunata.  We live a wonderful life. = Noi traim o viata minunata.  You guys live a wonderful life. = Voi traiti o viata minunata.  They live a wonderful life. = Ei traiesc o viata minunata.  (viata = life) (pronunciation of “viata”= vee-ahtsah) (minunata= wondeful). (pronuncation of minunata: meenoonahtah)
  10.  Past tense of “a trai” (pronunciation: ah trah-ee) :  I lived a wonderful life= am trait o viata minunata. You lived a wonderful life.= Tu ai trait o viata minunata. …etc.(pronunciation of “trait” = trah-eet).
  11. The word for country in Romanian is “tara” (pronunciation: tsahrah).

 

Teme:

man walks beside train
Photo by Johann on Pexels.com
  1. Iti place sa mearga pe trenul?

raspuns: __________________________________________________________________________________

2. Daca mergi la cele alte orasele, mergi cu trenul?

raspuns: _________________________________________________________________________________

3. Ce cumparati la statia?

raspuns: _________________________________________________________________________________

4. Ai mers in Buchresti?

raspuns: ___________________________________________________________________________________

20190316_165515-1-1-2032218738.jpg

5. Iti place sa mearga in cele alte tarele?

raspuns: ___________________________________________________________________________________

6.  Vrei sa mearga in Corea?

raspuns: ____________________________________________________________________________________________

7. Cu ce color se imbraca mireasa la nunta in Corea?

raspuns: __________________________________________________________________________________

8. Cu ce color se imbraca mireasa in tara ta?

raspuns: __________________________________________________________________________________

9.  Iti place se mearga la nuntele?

raspuns: __________________________________________________________________________________

10.  Ai mers o nunta?

raspuns: ___________________________________________________________________________________

11. Cu ce color te imbracat la nunta?

raspuns:___________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

Raspunsele:

Raspunsele de Trecele in Revista:

  1.  Sunt iepurasele.
  2. Mananc morcovi.
  3. Sunt doi ieperasele.
  4. Sunt afara./ Sunt pe ierba.
  5. Vine pe Pasti.
  6. Este o masina./ E o masina.
  7. Da, pot sa conduca o masina./ Nu, nu pot sa conduca of masina.
  8. Conduc o masina pe strada./ Conduc o masina pe drumul.

Raspunsele de Teme:

  1. Da, imi place sa mearga pe trenul./ Nu, nu imi place sa mearga pe trenul.
  2. Da, daca merg la cele alte orasele, merg pe trenul./ Nu, daca merg la cele alte orasele, nu merg cu trenul. / Nu, daca merg la cele alte orasele, merg cu masina.
  3. Cumpar un bilet la statia.
  4. Da, am mers in Bucharest./ Nu, nu am mers in Bucharest./ Da, am fost in Bucharest./ Nu, nu am fost in Bucharest.
  5. Da, imi place sa mearga in cele alte tarele./ Nu, nu imi place sa mearga in cele alte tarele.
  6. Da, vreau sa mearga in Corea./ Nu, nu vreau sa mearga in Corea.
  7. In Corea, la mireasa se imbraca cu rosu.
  8. In tara mea, mireasa se imbraca cu alba./ In tara mea, mireasa se imbraca cu rosu.
  9. Da, imi place sa mearga la nuntele./ Nu, nu imi place sa mearga la nuntele.
  10. Da, am mers o nunta./ Nu, nu am mers o nunta./ Da, am mers mult nuntele.
  11. M-am imbracat cu alba la nunta./ M-am imbracat cu rosu la nunta./ M-am imbracat cu negru la nunta./ M-am imbracat cu maro la nunta./ M-am imbracat cu albastru la nunta./ M-am imbracat cu verde la nunta./ M-am imbracat cu galben la nunta. (galben= yellow)./ M-am imbracat cu gris la nunta. (gris= gray). / M=am imbracat cu roz la nunta. (roz=pink). M-am imbracat cu color de portocaliu la nunta. (portocaliu = an orange).

 

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