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Limba Romana, Lectia 9, Cars and Rabbits (Masinele si Ieperasele)

Buna Seara! (Good Evening).  Sunt aici din noua. (I am here again.) Cati de mult poti sa intelegi? (How much can you understand?) Ce mai faci? ( How are you?)  If you don’t live in Romania, you are not getting the advantage of hearing people speak Romanian all around you, so I think it is good for me to throw a few sentences, questions, or phrases in here and there to help you be exposed to more than what is in the lesson.  Let’s get started! Hai sa incepam!

Trecere in Revista ((Review):

sunglasses girl swimming pool swimming
Photo by Juan Salamanca on Pexels.com
  1. Cati copii sunt?

raspuns: ___________________________________________________________________________________

2.  Ce faci copii?

raspuns: ___________________________________________________________________________________

3. Unde sunt copii?

raspuns: ___________________________________________________________________________________

4.  Copii au costumele de baie?

raspuns: ___________________________________________________________________________________

5. Ai un costum de baie?

raspuns: ____________________________________________________________________________________________

close up photography of cake with flower decor
Photo by Daria Shevtsova on Pexels.com

6. Ce este aceasta?

raspuns: ___________________________________________________________________________________

7.  Este o prejitura ciocolata?

raspuns: ___________________________________________________________________________________

8. Ce este de asupra de prejitura?

raspuns: ___________________________________________________________________________________

9. Ce color sunt frunzele?

raspuns: ___________________________________________________________________________________

Lectia:

Cars and Rabbits/ Masinele si Ieperasele

blue bmw sedan near green lawn grass
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Aceasta este o masina. (This is a car.) (pronunciation of “masina”:  mahsheenah)

Masina aceasta este albastru. (This car is blue.)

Poti sa conduci o masina? (Can you drive a car?) (pronunciation of “conduci”: kondooch)

Ai o masina? (Do you have a car?)

Unde noi putem sa mearga? (Where can we go?)

Hai sa mergem la casa lui prietenii mei. (Let’s go to my friends’ house.) (pronuciation of “lui”:  loo-ee)

Unde conduci o masina? (Where do you drive a car?)

Conduc pe drumul. (I drive on the road.) (pronunciation of “drumul”: droomool)

Conduc pe strada. (I drive on the street.) (pronunciation of “strada”: strahdah)

girl lying on white surface petting gray rabbit
Photo by Anastasiya Gepp on Pexels.com

Prietena mea are un ieperasi. (My friend has a rabbit.) (pronunciation of “ieperasi”: yep-er- rahsh)

Ce un ieperasi poate sa faca? ( What can a rabbit do?)

Un ieperasi poaste sa sari. ( A rabbit can jump.) (pronunciation of “sari”:  sahr)

Iti place ieperasele? (Do you like rabbits?)

Ieperasele poate sa vorbeasca? (Can rabbit speak?)

Nu,ieperasele nu fac nici un zgomot. (No, rabbits don’t make even one sound.) (pronunciation of “fac nici un zgomot”: fahk neech oon zgohmoht)

Ce ieperasele mananc? (What do rabbits eat?)

Ieperasele mananc morcovii. ( Rabbits eat carrots.) (pronunciation of “morcovii”” morekohvee.)

Si oameni din Romania mananc mult morcovii si cartofii. (And, people from Romanian eat a lot of carrots and potatoes.) (pronunciation of “cartofii”: kartohfee)

Ieperasele vine pe pasti. (Rabbits come on Easter.) (pronunciation of “vine”: veeneh) (pronunciation of “past”: pahsht)

Explicatie:

  1.  Talking about cars and driving is actually fairly easy in Romanian.  We all know a car is a kind of machine, and the Romanians are not as specific as we are and just call it a machine (masina).  As far as driving, they conduct cars which makes sense too, so that is also easy to learn.  Here is how you conjugate “a conduce” in simple present tense:  I drive = eu conduc, you drive =tu conduci, he drives= el conduce, she drives=ea conduce, we drive= noi conducem, you guys drive= voi conduceti, they drive= ei conduc.
  2. There is more than one way to say “of” in Romanian: “de” or “lui.”  In English, if something belongs to someone, we just put an apostrophe, and then an “s” on the end of the person’s name, and put it before the thing that belongs to the person. However, in Romanian, you must put the thing first, then put “lui” (of) and then put the person’s name.  “Mary’s house, “or “the house of Mary” becomes “casa lui Maria” in Romanian.  “John’s car” or “the car of John” becomes “masina lui Ion” in Romanian. (pronunciation of “Ion”:  eeyon) (pronunciation of “Maria”: Mahree-ah).
  3. A good verb here you will use a lot is “a vorbi” (to speak).  To conjugate “a vorbi” in simple present tense: I speak= eu vorbesc, you speak: tu vorbesti, he speaks: el vorbeste, she speaks= ea vorbeste, we speak = noi vorbim, you guys speak= voi vorbiti, they speak = ei vorbesc.  Now, you can say: “Can you speak Romanian?”=Poti sa vorbeasca limba romana?”  (“vorbeasca” is the form they use after “pot” (can)).  Vorbiti limba romana?= Do you speak Romanian (respectful because you don’t know the person well.) Or, Vorbesti limba romana?= Do you speak Romanian?  “Da, pot sa vorbesc limba romana.”= Yes, I can speak Romanian. “Da, pot sa vorbesc un pic de limba romana.” = Yes, I can speak a little Romanian. (un pic= a little).  Romanian = limba romana or romaneste.
  4. Another verb here is “a veni” (to come).  To conjugate it in simple present tense:  I come = eu vin, you come = tu veni, he comes= el vine, she comes= ea veni, we come= noi venim, you guy come= voi veniti, they come= ei vin.
  5. “Pasti” (pronounced: pahsht) is the word for Easter. If you look in the Bible, it is the same word as Passover.  When the Romanian celebrate Easter, they are actually celebrating the Old Testament Passover combined with the New Testament idea of Easter.  The word “Easter” is never in the Bible, but “Pasti” is.  In Romanian, they all like to get a baby lamb to eat for Easter like they did for Passover in the Bible. Easter is a huge holiday in Romania.
  6. “zgomot” = sound, and “nici un zgomot”= not even a sound.  “Nu am nici un pritena.”= I don’t have even one friend.  “Nu am nici o masina.”= “I don’t even have a car.” or “I don’t have even one car.” “nu am nici un trandafiri.” = I don’t even have one rose.  “Nu fac nici un zgomot.” = I don’t even make a sound.

Teme (Exercise):

red ferrari
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  1. Ce este aceasta?

raspuns: _________________________________________________________________________________

2. Ce color este masina aceasta?

raspuns: ___________________________________________________________________________________

3. Poti sa conduca?

raspuns: ___________________________________________________________________________________

4. Unde conduci?

raspuns: ___________________________________________________________________________________

5. Cati masinele sunt aici?

raspuns: ___________________________________________________________________________________

european-rabbits-bunnies-grass-wildlife.jpg
Photo by Pixabay on Pexels.com

6. Ce sunt aici?

raspuns: ___________________________________________________________________________________

7. Cati ieperasele sunt?

raspuns: ___________________________________________________________________________________

8. Ieperasele sunt afara?

raspuns: ___________________________________________________________________________________

9. Ce mananc ieperasele?

raspuns: __________________________________________________________________________________

10. Cand ieperasul vine?

raspuns: __________________________________________________________________________________

11.  Ce face ieperasul?

raspuns: __________________________________________________________________________________

12. Ieperasele sunt pe ierba?

raspuns: __________________________________________________________________________________

13. Poti sa vorbeasca limba romana?

raspuns:_________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

Raspunsele:

Trecele in Revista:

  1. Sunt doi copii.
  2. Copii inaut.
  3. Copii sunt in apa.
  4. Da, copii au costumele de baie.
  5. Da, am un costum de baie./ Nu, nu am un costum de baie.
  6. Este o prejitura.
  7. Nu, nu este prejitura ciocolata./ Nu, este prejitura vanilie.
  8. Exista o floarea de asupra de prejitura. / Exista un tradafir de asupra de prejitura./ Este o floarea de asupra de prejitura./ Este un trandafir pe prejitura.
  9. Frunzele sunt verde.

Raspunsele a lui Lectia:

  1. Este o masina./ Sunt mult masinele.
  2. Masina este rosu./ Exista o masina rosu si mult masinele negru.
  3. Da, pot sa conduc./ Nu, nu pot sa conduc.
  4. Conduc pe drum./ Conduc pe strada.
  5. Este opt masinele./ Exista opt masinele.
  6. Sunt ieperasele.
  7. Sunt doi ieperasele./ Exista doi ieperasele.
  8. Da, ieperasele sunt afara.
  9. Ieperasele mananc morcovii.
  10. Ieperasul vine pe pasti.
  11. Ieperasul sari.
  12. Da, ieperasele sunt pe ierba.
  13. Da, pot sa vorbeasca un pic de limba romana./ Nu, nu pot sa vorbeasca limba romana./ Da, vorbesc limba romana foarte bine! (Yes, I speak Romanian very well.)

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